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A palimpsest grave at the Iron Age cemetery in Estark-Joshaqan, Iran

  • Javad Hosseinzadeh (a1), Mohsen Javeri (a1), Majid Montazerzohouri (a1), Ali Banitaba (a2), Reza Nori Shadmahani (a1), Leila Makvandi (a1) and Arkadiusz Sołtysiak (a3)...
Extract

At the onset of the Iron Age, after c. 1200 BC, Iran was a place of major social transformation. After the collapse of the Bronze Age urban civilisations, the land was inhabited mainly by groups of mobile pastoralists that gradually transitioned from tribal organisation into loose federations, before finally developing into the Median and Persian early states (Potts 2014). This transition is still poorly recognised, as settlement sites from this period are scarce and most evidence is from cemeteries that were excavated many decades ago. Here we report results of excavations at a recently discovered cemetery that may provide new insights into the social complexity and cultural affinities of Iron Age nomads in Iran.

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Corresponding author
*Authors for correspondence (Email: javadhoseinzadeh@gmail.com; a.soltysiak@uw.edu.pl)
References
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Ferreri, S. 2015. Cremation burials in north Mesopotamia in the first millennium BC: evidence of social differentiation in the Assyrian Empire? Unpublished MPhil dissertation, University of Cambridge.
Ghirshman, R. 1939. Fouilles de Sialk pres de Kashan, 1933, 1934, 1937 (volume 2). Paris: Librairie Orientaliste Paul Geuthner.
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Muscarella, O.W. 1968. Excavations at Dinkha Tepe 1966. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 27: 187–96. https://doi.org/10.2307/3258385
Overlaet, B. 2003. The Early Iron Age in the Pusht-i Kuh, Luristan (Luristan Excavation Documents 4). Leuven: Peeters.
Potts, D.T. 2014. Nomadism in Iran. From antiquity to the modern era. Oxford: Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199330799.001.0001
Sołtysiak, A., Hosseinzadeh, J., Javeri, M. & Montazerzohouri, M.. 2016. Human remains from Estark, Iran, 2016. Bioarchaeology of the Near East 10: 7581.
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Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
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