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Le commentaire par al-Kindī de l'Optique d'euclide: un traité jusqu'ici inconnu

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  24 October 2008

Roshdi Rashed
Affiliation:
Centre d'histoire des sciences et des philosophies arabes et médiévales, 7 rue Guy Môquet, B.P. n° 8, 94801 Villejuif Cedex, France

Extract

After he wrote his well-known De aspectus, al-Kindī wrote a substantial critical commentary on Euclid's Optics: the “Rectification of error and difficulties due to Euclid's book: the Optics.” This previously ignored work enriches our knowledge of the optics not only of the geometers of the mid-9th century, but also of late antiquity. This is the first known commentary on Euclid's treatise, and it raises again the questions of its textual traditions, their multiplicity, and the role of Theon of Alexandria; it also poses the problem of the survival of al-Kindī's thought through his successors, such as Ahmad b. 'Īsā. The article examines these and related issues.

Après avoir écrit son fameux De aspectus, al-Kindī a composé un substantiel commentaire critique de l'Optique d'Euclide: la Rectification de l'erreur et des difficultés dues à Euclide dans son livre appelé l'Optique. Jusqu'ici ignoré, ce nouveau venu n'enrichit pas seulement notre connaissance de l'optique des géomètres du milieu du IXe siècle, mais aussi celle de l'antiquité tardive. Ce premier commentaire connu de l'Optique d'Euclide soulève à nouveau la question des traditions textuelles de ce traité, de leur multiplicité, du rôle de Théon d'Alexandrie; il pose aussi le problème de la survie de la pensée d'al-Kindī à travers ses successeurs, comme Ahmad ibn 'Īsā. Autant de questions que nous examinons dans cet article.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1997

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