Abram, D. (2011). Becoming animal: An earthly cosmology. New York, NY: Knopf Doubleday.
Adkins, C., & Simmons, B. (2002). Outdoor, experential, and environmental education: Converging or diverging approaches? Charleston, WV: ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools.
Australian Research Institute in Education for Sustainability (ARIES). (2006). Coastal management education: Making it more effective. Canberra, Australia: Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts.
Ajzen, I. (1988). Attitudes, personality, and behaviour. Milton Keynes, UK: Open University Press.
Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behaviour. Organizational behaviour and Human Decision Processes, 50, 179–211.
Ajzen, I., & Fishbein, M. (1980). Understanding attitudes and predicting social behaviour. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Andrews, S. (2013). Underwater photo elicitation: A new experiential education technique. PhD thesis, Curtin University.
Andrews, S., & Stocker, L. (2010). Underwater photoelicitation: A new experiential marine education technique. In Pearson, J., Hickey, R., & Lummis, G. (Eds.), Leading change: Living for one planet – Proceedings of the 16th Biennial Australian Association for Environmental Education Conference (pp. 12–25). Sydney, Australia: Australian Association for Environmental Education.
Armitage, C., & Conner, M. (2001). Efficacy of the theory of planned behaviour: A meta-analytic review. British Journal of Social Psychology, 40, 471–499.
Armstrong, J.B., & Impara, J. (1991). The impact of an environmental education program on knowledge and attitude. The Journal of Environmental Education, 22, 36–40.
Bergmann, I. (2000). How to grasp environmental complexities? Photographic narratives and environmental concept formation. Australian Journal of Environmental Education, 15, 9–16.
Bogner, F.X. (1998). The influence of short-term outdoor ecology education on long-term variables of environmental perspective. The Journal of Environmental Education, 29, 17–29.
Borden, R.J., & Schettino, A.P. (1979). Determinants of environmentally responsible behaviour. The Journal of Environmental Education, 10, 35–39.
Bradley, J.C. (1999). Relationship between environmental knowledge and environmental attitude of high school students. The Journal of Environmental Education, 30, 17–21.
Brody, M. (2005). Learning in nature. Environmental Education Research, 11, 603–621.
Chawla, L. (1998). Significant life experiences revisited: A review of research on sources of environmental sensitivity. The Journal of Environmental Education, 29, 11–21.
Christensen, A. (2007). A study of whale watching visitors' cognitive constructs in relation to a whale watching outreach program: an assessment of past experience, value orientations, awareness of actions, and conceptual knowledge structure. Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University.
Clayton, S., & Myers, O.G (2009). Conservation psychology. Wiley-Blackwell.
Collier, J.J. (1967). Visual anthropology: Photography as a research method. New York, NY: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
Collier, J.J., & Collier, M. (1986). Visual anthropology: Photography as a Rresearch method (rev.). Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press.
Connell, S., Fien, J., Lee, J., Sykes, H., & Yencken, D. (1999). If it doesn't directly affect you, you don't think about it: A qualitative study of young people's environmental attitudes in two Australian cities. Environmental Education Research, 5, 95–113.
Cutter-Mackenzie, A., & Smith, R. (2003). Ecological literacy: The ‘missing paradigm’ in environmental education (part one). Environmental Education Research, 9, 497–524.
Davis, J., & Stocker, L. (2006). Adopt a beach: Educational praxis for sustainability. In Wooltorton, S. & Marinova, D. (Eds.), Sharing wisdom for our future: Environmental education in action, Proceedings of the National Conference of the Australian Association for Environmental Education, Bunbury, Western Australia (pp. 238–248). Sydney, Australia: Australian Association for Environmental Education.
Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. (2010). Sustainability Curriculum Framework. Canberra, Australia: Author.
Dewey, J. (1938). Education and experience, New York, NY: Macmillan.
Dey, I. (1993). Qualitative data analysis: A user-friendly guide for social scientists. London, UK: Routledge.
Down, B. (2006). Re-imagining teachers work for the 21st century. In Wooltorton, S. & Marinova, D. (Eds.), Sharing wisdom for our future: Environmental education in action, Proceedings of the National Conference of the Australian Association for Environmental Education, Bunbury, Western Australia (pp. 36–52). Sydney, Australia: Australian Association for Environmental Education.
Eagly, A.H., & Chaiken, S. (1993). The psychology of attitudes. Orlando, FL: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich College Publishers.
Field, A.P. (2009). Discovering statistics using SPSS. London: Sage Publications.
Glasman, L.R. (2006). Forming attitudes that predict future behaviour: A meta-analysis of the attitude-behaviour relation. Psychological Bulletin, 132, 778–882.
Greely, T. (2008). Ocean literacy and reasoning about ocean issues: The influence of content, experience and morality. Unpublished PhD thesis, The University of South Florida, FL.
Harper, D. (2002). Talking about pictures: A case for photo elicitation. Visual Studies, 17, 13–26.
Hines, J. M. (1987). Analysis and synthesis of research on responsible environmental behaviour: A meta-analysis. The Journal of Environmental Education, 18, 1–8.
Hungerford, H.R., & Volk, T.L. (1990). Changing learner behaviour through environmental education. The Journal of Environmental Education, 21, 8–22.
Ibanez, C.M. (2004). Framing the social world with photo-elicitation interviews. American Behavioural Scientist, 47, 1507–1527.
Jensen, B.B., & Schnack, K. (1997). The action competence approach in environmental education. Environmental Education Research, 3, 163–178.
Kaiser, F.G., Wolfing, S., & Fuhrer, U. (1999). Environmental attitude and ecological behaviour. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 19, 1–19.
Kals, E., Schumacher, D., & Montada, L. (1999). Emotional affinity toward nature as a motivational basis to protect nature. Environment and Behaviour, 31, 178–202.
Kolb, D.A. (1984). Experential learning: Experience as the source of learning and development. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Kuhlemeier, H., Van den Bergh, H., & Lagerweij, N. (1999). Environmental knowledge, attitudes, and behaviour in Dutch secondary education. The Journal of Environmental Education, 30, 4–14.
Loeffler, T.A. (2004). A photo elicititation study of the meanings of outdoor adventure experiences. Journal of Leisure Research, 36, 536–556.
Louv, R. (2008). Last child in the woods. Chapel Hill, NC: Algonquin Books.
Maloney, M.P. (1975). A revised scale for the measurement of ecological attitudes and knowledge. The American Psychologist, 30, 787–790.
Mayer, F.S. (2004). The connectedness to nature scale: A measure of individuals’ feeling in community with nature. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 24, 503– 515.
Millar, M.G. (1996). The effects of direct and indirect experience on affective and cognitive responses and the attitude-behaviour relation. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 32, 561.
Miles, M.B., & Huberman, A.M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis: An expanded sourcebook. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Mittelstaedt, R. (1999). Impact of a week-long experiential education program on environmental attitude and awareness. The Journal of Experiential Education, 22, 138–148.
Newhouse, N. (1991). Implications of attitude and behaviour research for environmental conservation. The Journal of Environmental Education, 22, 26–32.
Netherwood, K., Stocker, L., & Palmer, D. (2006). Values education for relational sustainability: A case study of Lance Holt School and Friends. In Wooltorton, S. & Marinova, D. (Eds.), Sharing wisdom for our future: Environmental education in action, Proceedings of the National Conference of the Australian Association for Environmental Education, Bunbury, Western Australia (pp. 249–259). Sydney, Australia: Australian Association for Environmental Education.
Orr, D.W. (1992). Ecological literacy: Education and the transition to a postmodern world. Albany, NY: Suny Press.
Plankis, B., & Marrero, M. (2010). Recent ocean literacy research in United States public schools: Results and implications. International Electronic Journal of Environmental Education, 1, 21–51.
Pooley, J.A., & O'Connor, M. (2000). Environmental education and attitudes. Environment and Behaviour, 32, 711–723.
Ramsey, C.E., & Rickson, R.E. (1976). Environmental knowledge and attitudes. The Journal of Environmental Education, 8, 10–18.
Rose, G. (1999). Performing space. In Massey, D., Allen, J., & Sarre, P. (Eds.), Human geography today (pp. 247–259). Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.
Saldana, J. (2009). The coding manual for qualitative researchers. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Stehno, J.J. (1986). The application and integration of experential education in higher education. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University, Touch of Nature Environmental Center.
Stepath, C. (2004, June). Awareness and monitoring in outdoor marine education. Paper presented at the Tropical Environment Studies and Geography Conference, James Cook University, Cairns, Australia.
Stepath, C.M. (2006). Coral reefs as sites for experiential environmental education: Learning with Australian students — A foundational study. Unpublished PhD thesis, James Cook University.
Stepath, C.M. (2007). Marine education: Learning evaluations. Marine Education, 23, 45–51.
Tanner, T. (1980). Significant life experiences: A new research area in environmental education. The Journal of Environmental Education, 11, 20–24.
Tonge, J., Moore, S.A., Ryan, M.M., & Beckley, L.E. (2013) A photo-elicitation approach to exploring the place meanings ascribed by campers to the Ningaloo coastline, north-western Australia. Australian Geographer, 44, 143–160.
Wilcoxon, F. (1945). Individual comparisons by ranking methods. Biometrics Bulletin, 1, 80–83.
Wooltorton, S. (2006). A participatory approach to learning sustainability. In Filho, W. Leal (Ed.), Innovation, education and communication for sustainable development (pp. 133–151). New York, NY: Peter Lang.
Wortman, D., Cooke, K., Hebert, K., & Tilbury, D. (2006). Assessing provision and effectiveness of coastal management education. Canberra, Australia: Australian Government Department of the Environment and Water Resources and the Australian Research Institute in Education for Sustainability (ARIES).
Zeppel, H. (2008). Education and conservation benefits of marine wildlife tours: Developing free-choice learning experiences. Journal of Environmental Education, 39, 3–17.