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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    de Maat, Saskia M. Dekker, Jack Schoevers, Robert A. and de Jonghe, Frans 2007. Relative efficacy of psychotherapy and combined therapy in the treatment of depression: A meta-analysis. European Psychiatry, Vol. 22, Issue. 1, p. 1.

    De Maat, Saskia Dekker, Jack Schoevers, Robert and De Jonghe, Frans 2006. Relative efficacy of psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy in the treatment of depression: A meta-analysis. Psychotherapy Research, Vol. 16, Issue. 5, p. 566.

    Sullivan, Michael J.L. Reesor, Kenneth Mikail, Samuel and Fisher, Ronald 1992. The treatment of depression in chronic low back pain: review and recommendations. Pain, Vol. 50, Issue. 1, p. 5.

    Bates, Anthony Burns, David D. and Moorey, Stirling 1989. Medical Illness and the Acceptance of Suffering. The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, Vol. 19, Issue. 3, p. 269.


    Murphy, George E. Simons, Anne D. and Wetzel, Richard D. 1985. Plasma nortriptyline and clinical response in depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol. 8, Issue. 2, p. 123.


Is there an Alternative to Drugs in the Treatment of Depressed Ambulatory Patients?

  • I. M. Blackburn (a1) and S. Bishop (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 June 2009

Sixty-four patients suffering from primary major depressive illness from hospital and general practice clinics were randomly allocated to three treatment groups: drug of choice, cognitive therapy and a combination of the two. Looking at end-point scores on two rating scales of depression, there was no difference in the proportion of responders to the three treatments in the hospital group, but in the general practice, significantly less patients treated with drugs improved. Looking at group mean changes from baseline, all groups improved significantly on most variables except for the general practice drug group. The potential value of cognitive therapy for therapy-resistant hospital patients and for general practice patients is discussed.

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A. T. Beck (1961). Inventory for measuring depression. Archives of General Psychiatry 4, 5363.

P. Berner , K. Kryspin-Exner and W. Poeldinger (1974). Therapy possibilities for therapy resistant depression. Pharmakopsychiatrie, Neuro-Psychopharmakologie 7, 189193.

J. H. Brown (1979). Suicide in Britain. Archives of General Psychiatry 36, 11191124.

F. Freyhan (1974). Contribution to the definition of therapy resistance and of the therapy resistant depressions. Pharmakopsychiatrie, Neuro-Psychopharmakologie 7, 7075.

M. Hamilton (1967). Development of a rating scale for primary depressive illness. British Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology 6, 278296.

S. D. Hollon and A. T. Beck (1979). Cognitive Behavioural Interventions. Theory, Research and Procedures. London: Academic Press.

F. Quitkin , A. Rifkin and D. F. Klein (1976). Proplylaxis of affective disorders. Current status and knowledge. Archives of General Psychiatry 33, 337341.

A. J. Rush (1977). Comparative efficacy of cognitive therapy and imipramine in the treatment of depressed outpatients. Cognitive Therapy and Research 1, 1737.

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Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
  • ISSN: 1352-4658
  • EISSN: 1469-1833
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioural-and-cognitive-psychotherapy
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