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  • Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, Volume 24, Issue 2
  • April 1996, pp. 135-148

Long Term Reduction of Nightmares with Imagery Rehearsal Treatment

  • Barry Krakow (a1), Robert Kellner (a1), Dorothy Pathak (a1) and Lori Lambert (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 June 2009

An eighteen month follow-up of chronic nightmare sufferers treated with imagery rehearsal, a cognitive-behavioral method, demonstrated significant and clinically meaningful decreases in nightmare frequency. Sixty-eight percent of subjects decreased their nightmares below criteria for a “Chronic Nightmare Disorder”. Significant improvement was also noted for sleep quality and daytime anxiety. The findings support the theory that nightmares may be clinically conceptualized as a primary sleep disorder in some chronic sufferers.

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Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
  • ISSN: 1352-4658
  • EISSN: 1469-1833
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioural-and-cognitive-psychotherapy
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