Hostname: page-component-5d59c44645-ndqjc Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-02-27T19:07:00.343Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

On the specificity of bilingual language control: A study with Parkinson's disease patients

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  08 July 2019

Gabriele Cattaneo*
Affiliation:
Center for Brain and Cognition, Pompeu Fabra University, Barcelona, Spain
Albert Costa
Affiliation:
Center for Brain and Cognition, Pompeu Fabra University, Barcelona, Spain
Alexandre Gironell
Affiliation:
ICREA, Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats, Barcelona, Spain Movement Disorders Unit, Neurology Department, Sant Pau Hospital, Barcelona, Spain
Marco Calabria
Affiliation:
Center for Brain and Cognition, Pompeu Fabra University, Barcelona, Spain
*
Address for correspondence: Gabriele Cattaneo, E-mail: lelecat3@gmail.com

Abstract

This study investigates the relationship between mechanisms involved in language control within dual- and single-language contexts by examining whether they are similarly impaired in bilingual PD patients. To do so, we explored the performance of bilingual individuals affected by PD and healthy controls on two linguistic tasks: between-language and within-language switching tasks. We focused on switch and mixing costs as measures of linguistic control.

The results indicate that, whereas larger switch costs were observed in PD patients, compared to controls, solely during the between-language task, larger mixing costs appeared during both the between-language task and the within-language task. These results are discussed within the framework of the dual mechanism hypothesis, which suggests that switch and mixing costs are measures of two types of control: specifically reactive and proactive control. Therefore, we conclude that reactive control for switching between languages is domain-specific while proactive control mechanisms are more domain-general.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2019

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Abutalebi, J, Annoni, JM, Zimine, I, Pegna, AJ, Seghier, ML, Lee-Jahnke, H, Lazeyras, F, Cappa, SF, & Khateb, A (2008) Language control and lexical competition in bilinguals: an event-related FMRI study. Cerebral Cortex 18, 14961505.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Abutalebi, J, Della Rosa, PA, Ding, G, Weekes, B, Costa, A and Green, DW (2013) Language proficiency modulates the engagement of cognitive control areas in multilinguals. Cortex 49, 905911.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Abutalebi, J and Green, DW (2007) Bilingual language production: The neurocognition of language representation and control. Journal of Neurolinguistics 20, 242275.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Abutalebi, J and Green, DW (2008) Control mechanisms in bilingual language production: Neural evidence from language switching studies. Language and Cognitive Processes 23, 557582.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Abutalebi, J and Green, DW (2016) Neuroimaging of language control in bilinguals: neural adaptation and reserve. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 19, 689698.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Abutalebi, J, Miozzo, M and Cappa, SF (2000) Do subcortical structures control ‘language selection’ in polyglots? Evidence from pathological language mixing. Neurocase 6, 5156.Google Scholar
Aglioti, S, Beltramello, A, Girardi, F and Fabbro, F (1996) Neurolinguistic and follow-up study of an unusual pattern of recovery from bilingual subcortical aphasia. Brain: A Journal of Neurology 119, 15511564.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ansaldo, AI and Marcotte, K (2007) Language switching and mixing in the context of bilingual aphasia. In Centeno, JG, Obler, LK and Anderson, RT (eds), Studying communication disorders in Spanish speakers: Theoretical, research, and clinical aspects. Cleveland, UK: Multilingual Matters.Google Scholar
Branzi, FM, Della Rosa, PA, Canini, M, Costa, A and Abutalebi, J (2016) Language control in bilinguals: Monitoring and response selection. Cerebral Cortex 26, 23672380.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Braver, ST (2013) The variable nature of cognitive control: A dual-mechanisms framework. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16, 106113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Braver, TS, Reynolds, JR and Donaldson, DI (2003) Neural Mechanisms of Transient and Sustained Cognitive Control during Task Switching. Neuron 39, 713726.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Calabria, M, Costa, A, Green, DW and Abutalebi, J (2018) Neural basis of bilingual language control. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 115.Google ScholarPubMed
Cattaneo, G, Calabria, M, Marne, P, Gironell, A, Abutalebi, J and Costa, A (2015) The role of executive control in bilingual language production: A study with Parkinson's disease individuals. Neuropsychologia 66.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Christoffels, IK, Firk, C and Schiller, NO (2007) Bilingual language control: an event-related brain potential study. Brain Research 1147, 192208.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Crinion, J, Turner, R, Grogan, A, Hanakawa, T, Noppeney, U, Devlin, JT, Aso, T, Urayama, S, Fukuyama, H, Stockton, K, Usui, K, Green, DW and Price, CJ (2006) Language control in the bilingual brain. Science 312, 15371540.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
De Pisapia, N and Braver, TS (2006) A model of dual control mechanisms through anterior cingulate and prefrontal cortex interactions. Neurocomputing 69, 13221326.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fahn, S, Elton, R and Members of the UPDRS Development Committee (1987) The Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale In: Fahn, S, Marsden, CD, Calne, DB and Goldstein, M (eds). Recent Developments in Parkinson’s Disease, Vol 2. Florham Park, NJ: Macmillan Health Care Information, pp. 153–163, 293304.Google Scholar
Folstein, MF, Folstein, SE and McHugh, PR (1975) “Mini-mental state”. A practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. Journal of Psychiatric Research 12, 189198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Forster, KI and Forster, JC (2003) DMDX: a windows display program with millisecond accuracy. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers: A Journal of the Psychonomic Society, Inc 35, 116124.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Green, DW and Abutalebi, J (2013) Language control in bilinguals: The adaptive control hypothesis. Journal of Cognitive Psychology (Hove, England) 25, 515530.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hoehn, MM and Yahr, MD (1967) Parkinsonism: onset, progression and mortality. Neurology 17, 427442.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hughes, AJ, Daniel, SE, Kilford, L and Lees, AJ (1992) Accuracy of clinical diagnosis of idiopathic Parkinson's disease: a clinico-pathological study of 100 cases. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry 55, 181184.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Jahanshahi, M, Obeso, I, Rothwell, JC and Obeso, JA (2015) A fronto-striato-subthalamic-pallidal network for goal-directed and habitual inhibition. Nature Reviews Neuroscience 16, 719732.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Johari, K, Ashrafi, F, Zali, A, Ashayeri, H, Fabbro, F and Zanini, S (2013) Grammatical deficits in bilingual Azari-Farsi patients with Parkinson's disease. Journal of Neurolinguistics 26(1), 2230.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kray, J and Lindenberger, U (2000) Adult age differences in task switching. Psychology and Aging 15, 126147.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lawrence, AD, Sahakian, BJ and Robbins, TW (1998) Cognitive functions and corticostriatal circuits: Insights from Huntington's disease. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2, 379388.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lehtonen, MH, Laine, M, Niemi, J, Thomsen, T, Vorobyev, VA and Hugdahl, K (2005) Brain correlates of sentence translation in Finnish-Norwegian bilinguals. NeuroReport 16, 607610.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ma, F, Li, S and Guo, T (2016) Reactive and proactive control in bilingual word production: An investigation of influential factors. Journal of Memory and Language 86, 3559.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Marian, V, Bartolotti, J, Rochanavibhata, S, Bradley, K and Hernandez, AE (2017) Bilingual Cortical Control of Between- and Within-Language Competition. Scientific Reports 7.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Mariën, P, Abutalebi, J, Engelborghs, S and De Deyn, PP (2005) Pathophysiology of language switching and mixing in an early bilingual child with subcortical aphasia. Neurocase: Case Studies in Neuropsychology, Neuropsychiatry, and Behavioural Neurology 11, 385398.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Misra, M, Guo, T, Bobb, SC and Kroll, JF (2012) When bilinguals choose a single word to speak: Electrophysiological evidence for inhibition of the native language. Journal of Memory and Language 67, 127.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Morris, JC, Heyman, A, Mohs, RC, Hughes, JP, van Belle, G, Fillenbaum, G, Mellits, ED and Clark, C (1989) The Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease (CERAD). Part I. Clinical and neuropsychological assessment of Alzheimer's disease. Neurology 39, 11591165.Google Scholar
Peña-Casanova, J (2005) Test Barcelona. Spain: Masson.Google ScholarPubMed
Pettigrew, C and Martin, RC (2015) The Role of Working Memory Capacity and Interference Resolution Mechanisms in Task Switching. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology (2006) 23, 143.Google Scholar
Philipp, AM, Kalinich, C, Koch, I and Schubotz, RI (2008) Mixing costs and switch costs when switching stimulus dimensions in serial predictions. Psychological Research 72, 405414.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Price, CJ, Green, DW and Von Studnitz, R (1999) A functional imaging study of translation and language switching. Brain 122, 22212235.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Prior, A and Gollan, TH (2013) The elusive link between language control and executive control: A case of limited transfer. Journal of Cognitive Psychology 25, 622645.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Prior, A and Macwhinney, B (2010) A bilingual advantage in task switching. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 13, 253262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Protopapas, A (2007) CheckVocal: a program to facilitate checking the accuracy and response time of vocal responses from DMDX. Behavior Research Methods 39, 859862.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Reitan, RM and Wolfson, D (1985) The Halstead–Reitan Neuropsycholgical Test Battery: Therapy and clinical interpretation. Tucson, AZ: Neuropsychological Press.Google Scholar
Rogers, RD and Monsell, S (1995) Costs of a predictible switch between simple cognitive tasks. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 124, 207231.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rubin, O and Meiran, N (2005) On the origins of the task mixing cost in the cuing task-switching paradigm. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition 31, 14771491.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Seo, R, Stocco, A and Prat, CS (2018) The bilingual language network: Differential involvement of anterior cingulate, basal ganglia and prefrontal cortex in preparation, monitoring, and execution. NeuroImage 174, 4456.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Snodgrass, JG and Vanderwart, M (1980) A standardized set of 260 pictures: norms for name agreement, imageagreement, familiarity, and visual complexity. Journal of Experimental Psychology Human Learning and Memory 6(2), 174215.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
van Belle, J, Vink, M, Durston, S and Zandbelt, BB (2014) Common and unique neural networks for proactive and reactive response inhibition revealed by independent component analysis of functional MRI data. NeuroImage 103, 6574.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Weissberger, GH, Wierenga, CE, Bondi, MW and Gollan, TH (2012) Partially Overlapping Mechanisms of Language and Task Control in Young and Older Bilinguals. Psychology and Aging.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zanini, S, Tavano, A and Fabbro, F (2010) Spontaneous language production in bilingual Parkinson's disease patients: Evidence of greater phonological, morphological and syntactic impairments in native language. Brain and Language 113, 8489.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Zanini, S, Tavano, A, Vorano, L, Schiavo, F, Gigli, GL, Aglioti, SM and Fabbro, F (2004) Greater syntactic impairments in native language in bilingual Parkinsonian patients. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry 75, 16781681.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Zou, L, Ding, G, Abutalebi, J, Shu, H and Peng, D (2012) Structural plasticity of the left caudate in bimodal bilinguals. Cortex 48, 11971206.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed