Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa

Persistent electrocution mortality of Egyptian Vultures Neophron percnopterus over 28 years in East Africa


Electrocution on poorly designed power poles is increasingly shown to pose a threat for the populations of many large raptors. Here we document that a power line in Sudan continues to cause mortality of Egyptian Vultures Neophron percnopterus, a problem that was first identified in 1984. We suggest that this power line may have caused the death of sufficient Egyptian Vultures to partially explain population declines in the Middle East, from where the electrocuted birds may originate. This report highlights the urgent need to plan and retro-fit power lines in Africa with non-lethal support structures.

Corresponding author
*Author for correspondence; email:
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

A. Cortés-Avizanda , P. Almaraz , M. Carrete , J. A. Sánchez-Zapata , A. Delgado , F. Hiraldo and J. A Donázar . (2011) Spatial heterogeneity in resource distribution promotes facultative sociality in two trans-Saharan migratory birds. PLoS ONE 6: e21016.

J. A. Donázar , C. J. Palacios , L. Gangoso , O. Ceballos , M. J. González and F. Hiraldo (2002) Conservation status and limiting factors in the endangered population of Egyptian Vulture (Neophron percnopterus) in the Canary Islands. Biol. Conserv. 107: 8998.

P. L. Flint , E. W. Lance , K. M. Sowl and T. F Donnelly . (2010) Estimating carcass persistence and scavenging bias in a human-influenced landscape in western Alaska. J. Field Ornith. 81: 206214.

L. M. González , A. Margalida , S. Manõsa , R. Sánchez , J. Oria , J. I. Molina , J. Caldera , A. Aranda and L. Prada (2007) Causes and spatio-temporal variations of non-natural mortality in the Vulnerable Spanish imperial eagle (Aquila adalberti) during a recovery period. Oryx 41: 495502.

J. M. Grande , D. Serrano , G. Tavecchia , M. Carrete , O. Ceballos , J. L. Tella and J. A Donázar . (2009) Survival in a long-lived territorial migrant: effects of life-history traits and ecological conditions in wintering and breeding areas. Oikos 118: 580590.

F. Guil , M. Fernández-Olalla , R. Moreno-Opo , I. Mosqueda , M. E. Gómez , A. Aranda , A. Arredondo , J. Guzmán , J. Oria , L. M. González and A. Margalida (2011) Minimising mortality in endangered raptors due to power lines: the importance of spatial aggregation to optimize the application of mitigation measures. PLoS One 6: e28212.

M. Hernández and A. Margalida (2009) Poison-related mortality effects in the endangered Egyptian Vulture (Neophron percnopterus) population in Spain: conservation measures. Eur. J. Wildl. Res. 55: 415423.

B.-U. Meyburg , M. Gallardo , C. Meyburg and E. Dimitrova (2004) Migrations and sojourn in Africa of Egyptian Vultures (Neophron percnopterus) tracked by satellite. J. Ornith. 145: 273280.

C. Ponce , J. C. Alonso , G. Argandoña , A. García Fernández and M. Carrasco (2010) Carcass removal by scavengers and search accuracy affect bird mortality estimates at power lines. Anim. Conserv. 13: 603612.

F. Sergio , L. Marchesi and V. Penteriani (2004) Electrocution alters the distribution and density of a top predator, the eagle owl Bubo bubo. J. Appl. Ecol. 41: 836845.

J.-M. Thiollay , (2006a) The decline of raptors in West Africa: long-term assessment and the role of protected areas. Ibis 148: 240254.

A. Tintó , J. Real and S. Mañosa (2010) Predicting and correcting electrocution of birds in Mediterranean areas. J. Wildl. Manage. 74: 18521862.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Bird Conservation International
  • ISSN: 0959-2709
  • EISSN: 1474-0001
  • URL: /core/journals/bird-conservation-international
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Altmetric attention score