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Prevalence and associated factors for suicidal ideation in the Lagos State Mental Health Survey, Nigeria

  • Abiodun O. Adewuya (a1), Bolanle A. Ola (a2), Olurotimi A. Coker (a2), Olayinka Atilola (a2), Mathew P. Zachariah (a2), Olufemi Olugbile (a3), Adedolapo Fasawe (a4) and Olajide Idris (a4)...
Abstract
Background

To combat the increasing rate of suicide, basic data on suicidal behaviours reflecting the uniqueness of the locality are needed in sub-Saharan Africa.

Aims

To assess the prevalence of suicidal ideation and associated factors.

Method

Adults (n=11 246) from the five administrative divisions of Lagos State completed questionnaires detailing suicidal ideation, socio-demographic details, common mental disorders (depression, anxiety and somatic symptoms), alcohol and psychoactive substance use disorders and disability.

Results

The weighted prevalence of current suicidal ideation was 7.28% (s.e. 0.27). Independently associated factors were older age, being female, not married, low occupational group, depression, anxiety, somatic symptoms and disability.

Conclusions

Despite the validity of cross-national surveys, there is need for individual countries to generate complementary local data to explain variability in rates and risk factors in order to plan for suicide prevention or develop timely and effective response.

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Copyright
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Non-Commercial, No Derivatives (CC BY-NC-ND) licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Corresponding author
Abiodun O. Adewuya, Department of Behavioural Medicine, Lagos State University College of Medicine, Lagos, Nigeria. E-mail: Abiodun.adewuya@lasucom.edu.ng
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Declaration of interest

None.

Footnotes
References
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Prevalence and associated factors for suicidal ideation in the Lagos State Mental Health Survey, Nigeria

  • Abiodun O. Adewuya (a1), Bolanle A. Ola (a2), Olurotimi A. Coker (a2), Olayinka Atilola (a2), Mathew P. Zachariah (a2), Olufemi Olugbile (a3), Adedolapo Fasawe (a4) and Olajide Idris (a4)...
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