Mary Anning (1799–1847) of Lyme; ‘the greatest fossilist the world ever knew’
Published online by Cambridge University Press: 05 January 2009
- Presidential Address
- The British Journal for the History of Science , Volume 28 , Issue 3 , September 1995 , pp. 257 - 284
- Copyright © British Society for the History of Science 1995
3 The British Museum General Catalogue of Printed Books, 263 vols., London, 1965–1966, v, 774.Google Scholar
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8 This annotation is on an undated letter from Mary Anning to one of the Misses Philpot of Lyme, in the collections of the American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia.
9 Details will hopefully appear in my forthcoming biography.
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11 Public Record Office, London, RG 4/462.
12 Preserved in the Dorset County Record Office, Dorchester.
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31 Like the letter wrongly dated 20 July 1820 by Sarjeant, W. A. S. and Delair, J. B., ‘An Irish naturalist in Cuvier's laboratory. The letters of Joseph Pentland 1820–1832’. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Historical Series (1980), 6, 245–319, especially 257–61.Google Scholar The correct date is 1821, after the Birch sale.
33 British Library, Add MSS 36520.
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74 Letter from Buckland, W. to SirTrevelyan, Walter, 10 10 Google Scholar, British Library, Add MSS 31026/247.
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129 Professor G. M. Friedman collection, Troy, USA.
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139 No references appear in the Society's MSS books and there is no reference either in Moore, D. T., Thackray, J. C. and Morgan, D. L., ‘A short history of the museum of the Geological Society of London 1807–1911…’, Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History, Historical Series (1991), 19, 51–160.Google Scholar
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145 See Murray, , op. cit. (47)Google Scholar. Another such ‘hunter’, Alfred Jaeger (1860–1909), ‘Nimrod’ of Elgar's Enigma Variations, can remind us of such relationships in music. Here composition and performance are both vital, are equally regarded and have been equally recorded in history. See his comments in Moore, J. N. (ed.), Elgar and his Publishers, 2 vols., Oxford, 1987, ii, 715.Google Scholar
147 In 1878 R. F. Tomes (1823–1904) apparently named his new liassic coral genus and species Tricycloseris anningi, from Charmouth, after her (Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London (1878), 34, 189–90Google Scholar and plate 9, fig. 1). In 1936 L. R. Cox (1897–1965) named the bivalve genus Anningia after her (Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London (1936), 92, 468 and plate 34, fig. 9–10)Google Scholar, but this had to be renamed Anningella in 1958 because of homonymy (see Proceedings of the Geological Society of London (1958), 1557, 44)Google Scholar. The ostracod species, Cytherelloidea anningi, has been named since 1969, by Lord, Alan, ‘Ostracods from the Domerian and Toarcian of England’, Palaeontology (1974), 17, 599–622 and plate 90, especially 610–13 and figs. 4–5.Google Scholar
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156 I am glad to report that, as a result of recent publicity, attitudes have started to change and Mary Anning's achievements are now properly announced to visitors in the Museum's wonderful marine reptile gallery.
157 Greene, M. T., ‘History of geology’, Osiris (1985), 1, 97–116CrossRefGoogle Scholar, for example, provides a summary of only printed sources for the history of geology and concludes that the history of geology is at such a premature stage that ‘it is as yet too early to go to the archives’. The possibility of other sources was not considered.
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159 Henry De la Beche's Duria antiquior.
163 Angharad Wynne-Jones' ‘Mary Anning – a natural history’, danced at the Chisenhale Dance Space, London, 3 July 1987.
165 Ackroyd, Peter, ‘Review of Hardy by Martin Seymour-Smith’, The Times, 20 01 1994, 41Google Scholar, and see also 7 and 19.
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