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Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and fat mass loss in female very low-calcium consumers: potential link with a calcium-specific appetite control

  • Geneviève C. Major (a1), Francine P. Alarie (a1), Jean Doré (a1) and Angelo Tremblay (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114508030808
  • Published online: 17 July 2008
Abstract

This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted to compare the effect of a 15-week weight-reducing programme ( − 2900 kJ/d) coupled with a calcium plus vitamin D (calcium+D) supplementation (600 mg elemental calcium and 5 μg vitamin D, consumed twice a day) or with a placebo, on body fat and on spontaneous energy/macronutrient intake. Sixty-three overweight or obese women (mean age 43 years, mean BMI 32 kg/m2) reporting a daily calcium intake < 800 mg participated in present study. Anthropometric variables, resting energy expenditure and spontaneous energy intake were measured before and after the 15-week programme. The calcium+D supplementation induced no statistically significant increase in fat mass loss in response to the programme. However, when analyses were limited to very low-calcium consumers only (initial calcium intake ≤ 600 mg/d, n 7 for calcium+D, n 6 for placebo), a significant decrease in body weight and fat mass (P < 0·01) and in spontaneous dietary lipid intake (P < 0·05) was observed in the calcium+D but not in the placebo group. In very low-calcium consumers, change in fat mass was positively correlated with change in lipid intake. During the weight-reducing programme, a calcium+D supplementation was necessary in female overweight/obese very low-calcium consumers to reach significant fat mass loss that seemed to be partly explained by a decrease in lipid intake. We propose that this change in lipid intake could be influenced by a calcium-specific appetite control.

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Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Dr Angelo Tremblay, fax +1 418 656 2441, email angelo.tremblay@kin.msp.ulaval.ca
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1MB Zemel , W Thompson , A Milstead , K Morris & P Campbell (2004) Calcium and dairy acceleration of weight and fat loss during energy restriction in obese adults. Obes Res 12, 582590.

2MB Zemel , J Richards , S Mathis , A Milstead , L Gebhardt & E Silva (2005) Dairy augmentation of total and central fat loss in obese subjects. Int J Obes (Lond) 29, 391397.

3J Bowen , M Noakes & PM Clifton (2005) Effect of calcium and dairy foods in high protein, energy-restricted diets on weight loss and metabolic parameters in overweight adults. Int J Obes (Lond) 29, 957965.

8EL Melanson , WT Donahoo , F Dong , T Ida & MB Zemel (2005) Effect of low- and high-calcium dairy-based diets on macronutrient oxidation in humans. Obes Res 13, 21022112.

11S Paradis & M Cabanac (2005) Calcium deficiency cannot induce obesity in rats. Physiol Behav 85, 259264.

12A Tremblay , J Sévigny , C Leblanc & C Bouchard (1983) The reproducibility of a three-day dietary record. Nutr Res 3, 819830.

18WG Thompson , N Rostad Holdman , DJ Janzow , JM Slezak , KL Morris & MB Zemel (2005) Effect of energy-reduced diets high in dairy products and fiber on weight loss in obese adults. Obes Res 13, 13441353.

20KD Hall (2006) Computational model of in vivo human energy metabolism during semistarvation and refeeding. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 291, E23E37.

21KD Hall (2008) What is the required energy deficit per unit weight loss? Int J Obes (Lond) 32, 573576.

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  • ISSN: 0007-1145
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