Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Access
  • Cited by 75
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Tyrovolas, Stefanos Koyanagi, Ai Stickley, Andrew and Haro, Josep Maria 2016. Weight Perception, Satisfaction, Control, and Low Energy Dietary Reporting in the US Adult Population: Results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2012. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Vol. 116, Issue. 4, p. 579.

    Tasevska, Natasha 2015. Urinary Sugars—A Biomarker of Total Sugars Intake. Nutrients, Vol. 7, Issue. 7, p. 5816.

    Charlton, Karen Kowal, Paul Soriano, Melinda Williams, Sharon Banks, Emily Vo, Kha and Byles, Julie 2014. Fruit and Vegetable Intake and Body Mass Index in a Large Sample of Middle-Aged Australian Men and Women. Nutrients, Vol. 6, Issue. 6, p. 2305.

    García-Rovés, Pablo García-Zapico, Pedro Patterson, Ángeles and Iglesias-Gutiérrez, Eduardo 2014. Nutrient Intake and Food Habits of Soccer Players: Analyzing the Correlates of Eating Practice. Nutrients, Vol. 6, Issue. 7, p. 2697.

    Gemming, L Jiang, Y Swinburn, B Utter, J and Mhurchu, C  Ni 2014. Under-reporting remains a key limitation of self-reported dietary intake: an analysis of the 2008/09 New Zealand Adult Nutrition Survey. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 68, Issue. 2, p. 259.

    Wrottesley, Stephanie V Micklesfield, Lisa K Hamill, Matthew M Goldberg, Gail R Prentice, Ann Pettifor, John M Norris, Shane A and Feeley, Alison B 2014. Dietary intake and body composition in HIV-positive and -negative South African women. Public Health Nutrition, Vol. 17, Issue. 07, p. 1603.

    Böhn, L. Störsrud, S. and Simrén, M. 2013. Nutrient intake in patients with irritable bowel syndrome compared with the general population. Neurogastroenterology & Motility, Vol. 25, Issue. 1, p. 23.

    Cena, Hellas Oggioni, Clio Turpini, Chiara Negri, Fabiana Roggi, Carla and Allegri, Chiara 2013. Underreporting in obese inpatients undergoing a psycho-nutritional rehabilitative program. Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity, Vol. 18, Issue. 2, p. 199.

    Kerr, Deborah A. Schap, TusaRebecca E. and Johnson, Rachel K. 2013. Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease.

    Koehler, Karsten Achtzehn, Silvia Braun, Hans Mester, Joachim and Schaenzer, Wilhelm 2013. Comparison of self-reported energy availability and metabolic hormones to assess adequacy of dietary energy intake in young elite athletes. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Vol. 38, Issue. 7, p. 725.

    Yokoyama, Yoko Sasaki, Satoshi Suzukamo, Yoshimi Yamazaki, Shin Takegami, Misa Kakudate, Naoki Hasegawa, Takeshi Haga, Megumi Kawaguchi, Takehiko Moriya, Toshiko Hotta, Osamu and Fukuhara, Shunichi 2013. Interpersonal Psychosocial Factors Associated With Underreported Dietary Energy Intake in Hemodialysis Patients. Journal of Renal Nutrition, Vol. 23, Issue. 1, p. 37.

    George, Stephanie M Thompson, Frances E Midthune, Douglas Subar, Amy F Berrigan, David Schatzkin, Arthur and Potischman, Nancy 2012. Strength of the relationships between three self-reported dietary intake instruments and serum carotenoids: the Observing Energy and Protein Nutrition (OPEN) Study. Public Health Nutrition, Vol. 15, Issue. 06, p. 1000.

    Hillier, Frances C. Batterham, Alan M. Crooks, Sean Moore, Helen J. and Summerbell, Carolyn D. 2012. The development and evaluation of a novel Internet-based computer program to assess previous-day dietary and physical activity behaviours in adults: the Synchronised Nutrition and Activity Program for Adults (SNAPA™). British Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 107, Issue. 08, p. 1221.

    De Keyzer, Willem Huybrechts, Inge De Vriendt, Veerle Vandevijvere, Stefanie Slimani, Nadia Van Oyen, Herman and De Henauw, Stefaan 2011. Repeated 24-hour recalls versus dietary records for estimating nutrient intakes in a national food consumption survey. Food & Nutrition Research, Vol. 55,

    Lutomski, Jennifer E van den Broeck, Jan Harrington, Janas Shiely, Frances and Perry, Ivan J 2011. Sociodemographic, lifestyle, mental health and dietary factors associated with direction of misreporting of energy intake. Public Health Nutrition, Vol. 14, Issue. 03, p. 532.

    Truthmann, Julia Mensink, Gert BM and Richter, Almut 2011. Relative validation of the KiGGS Food Frequency Questionnaire among adolescents in Germany. Nutrition Journal, Vol. 10, Issue. 1,

    Yannakoulia, Mary Tyrovolas, Stefanos Pounis, George Zeimbekis, Akis Anastasiou, Foteini Bountziouka, Vassiliki Voutsa, Katia Gotsis, Efthimios Metallinos, George Lionis, Christos Polychronopoulos, Evangelos and Panagiotakos, Demosthenes 2011. Correlates of low dietary energy reporting in free-living elderly: The MEDIS study. Maturitas, Vol. 69, Issue. 1, p. 63.

    de Castro, John M. 2010. The control of food intake of free-living humans: Putting the pieces back together. Physiology & Behavior, Vol. 100, Issue. 5, p. 446.

    Holzapfel, C Grallert, H Huth, C Wahl, S Fischer, B Döring, A Rückert, I M Hinney, A Hebebrand, J Wichmann, H-E Hauner, H Illig, T and Heid, I M 2010. Genes and lifestyle factors in obesity: results from 12 462 subjects from MONICA/KORA. International Journal of Obesity, Vol. 34, Issue. 10, p. 1538.

    Karelis, A D Lavoie, M-E Fontaine, J Messier, V Strychar, I Rabasa-Lhoret, R and Doucet, É 2010. Anthropometric, metabolic, dietary and psychosocial profiles of underreporters of energy intake: a doubly labeled water study among overweight/obese postmenopausal women—a Montreal Ottawa New Emerging Team study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 64, Issue. 1, p. 68.


Characteristics of the low-energy reporters in a longitudinal national dietary survey

  • G. M Price (a1), A. A Paul (a1), T. J Cole (a1) and M. E. J Wadsworth (a2)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 March 2007

The aim of the present study was to establish whether the characteristics of members of a large national birth cohort study who submitted diet diaries with implausibly low-energy intake differed from those whose recorded energy intake was more plausible. Survey members (n 1898) recorded their diets in a 7d diary in household measures. Those whose reported energy intake (EI) as 'a fraction of their estimated BMR was less than 1·10, here termed low-energy reporters (LER) but often called under-reporters, constituted 20·6% of the study population. None of the variables describing dietary, smoking or exercise behaviour bore a significant relationship with low EI/BMR (<1·10), neither did those describing region of residence, subjective adequacy of income, current social class, social relations or the social environment of the subjects. Results of logistic regression analysis showed that the only independently significant characteristic for men was higher BMI. In women, in addition to higher BMI, having been overweight or obese as an adult independently, but less significantly, predicted low EI/BMR, while membership as a child of social class III (non-manual), having more children in the household and having a paid job marginally but independently decreased the probability of reporting low EI/BMR. Submission of a diary with EI/BMR < 1·10 7 years earlier in the same survey was an even more powerful predictor of current low EI/BMR than higher BMI in both sexes. The average reported diet-composition of LER was more micronutrient- and protein-rich than that of the others, indicating different dietary, or diet-recording, behaviour in this group of subjects. LER are not a random sample of the survey population, and their characteristics, definable to some extent, put them at risk for lower health status. Although EI/BMR cut-off points can be used to identify LER, the problem of how to use their data is still unresolved.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Characteristics of the low-energy reporters in a longitudinal national dietary survey
      Your Kindle email address
      Available formats
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Characteristics of the low-energy reporters in a longitudinal national dietary survey
      Available formats
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Characteristics of the low-energy reporters in a longitudinal national dietary survey
      Available formats
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

A. E. Black , S. A. Jebb , S. A. Bingham , S. A. Runswick & S. D. Poppitt (1995). The validation of energy and protein intakes by doubly labelled water and 24-hour urinary nitrogen excretion in post-obese subjects. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics 8, 5164.

F. E. M. Braddon , B. Rodgers , M. E. J. Wadsworth & J. M. C. Davies (1986). Onset of obesity in a 36 year birth cohort study. British Medical Journal 293, 299303.

P. Cappeliez (1989). Social desirability response set and self-report depression inventories in the elderly. Clinical Gerontologist 9, 4552.

S. Heshka , K. Feld , M. U. Yang , D. B. Allison & S. B. Heymsfield (1993). Resting energy expenditure in the obese: a cross-validation and comparison of prediction equations. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 93, 10311036.

M. J. Klag , R. D. Moore , P. K. Whelton , Y. Sakai & G. W. Comstock (1990). Alcohol consumption and blood pressure: a comparison of native Japanese to American men. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 43, 14071414.

S. W. Lichtman , K. Pisarska , E. R. Berman , M. Pestone , H. Dowling , E. Offenbacher , H. Weisel , S. Heshka , D. E. Matthews & S. B. Heymsfield (1992). Discrepancy between self-reported and actual caloric intake and exercise in obese subjects. New England Journal of Medicine 327, 18931898.

C. Maffeis , Y. Schutz , R. Micciolo , L. Zoccante & L. Pinelli (1993). Resting metabolic rate in six- to ten-year-old obese and nonobese children. Journal of Pediatrics 122, 556562.

D. Molnar , S. Jeges , E. Erhardt & Y. Schutz (1995). Measured and predicted resting metabolic rate in obese and nonobese adolescents. Journal of Pediatrics 127, 571577.

A. M. Prentice & S. A. Jebb (1995). Obesity in Britain: gluttony or sloth? British Medical Journal 311, 437439.

G. M. Price , A. A. Paul , F. B. Key , A. C. Harter , T. J. Cole , K. C. Day & M. E. J. Wadsworth (1995). Measurement of diet in a large national survey: comparison of computerized and manual coding of records in household measures. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics 8, 417428.

D. A. Schoeller (1990). How accurate is self-reported dietary energy intake? Nutrition Reviews 48, 373379.

J. Sobal & A. J. Stunkard (1989). Socioeconomic status and obesity: a review of the literature. Psychological Bulletin 105, 260275.

A. J. Stunkard & S. Messick (1985). The Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire to measure dietary restraint, disinhibition and hunger. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 29, 7183.

T. Van Strien , J. E. R. Frijters , G. P. A. Bergers & P. B. Defares (1986). The Dutch Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (DEBQ) for assessment of restrained, emotional and external eating behaviour. International Journal for Eating Disorders, 5 295315.

M. E. J. Wadsworth , S. L. Mann , B. Rodgers , D. J. L. Kuh , W. S. Hilder & E. J. Yusuf (1992). Loss and representativeness in a 43 year follow up of a national birth cohort. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 46, 300304.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

British Journal of Nutrition
  • ISSN: 0007-1145
  • EISSN: 1475-2662
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *