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    An, Ruopeng 2016. Weekend-weekday differences in diet among U.S. adults, 2003–2012. Annals of Epidemiology, Vol. 26, Issue. 1, p. 57.


    Andersen, Louise B. B. Arnberg, Karina Trolle, Ellen Michaelsen, Kim F. Bro, Rasmus Pipper, Christian B. and Mølgaard, Christian 2016. The effects of water and dairy drinks on dietary patterns in overweight adolescents. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, Vol. 67, Issue. 3, p. 314.


    Gevers, Dorus WM Kremers, Stef PJ de Vries, Nanne K and van Assema, Patricia 2016. Intake of energy-dense snack foods and drinks among Dutch children aged 7–12 years: how many, how much, when, where and which?. Public Health Nutrition, Vol. 19, Issue. 01, p. 83.


    Bere, Elling te Velde, Saskia J. Småstuen, Milada Cvancarova Twisk, Jos and Klepp, Knut-Inge 2015. One year of free school fruit in Norway – 7 years of follow-up. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, Vol. 12, Issue. 1,


    Hebestreit, A Börnhorst, C Pala, V Barba, G Eiben, G Veidebaum, T Hadjigergiou, C Molnár, D Claessens, M Fernández-Alvira, J M and Pigeot, I 2014. Dietary energy density in young children across Europe. International Journal of Obesity, Vol. 38, p. S124.


    McCarthy, Sinéad 2014. Weekly patterns, diet quality and energy balance. Physiology & Behavior, Vol. 134, p. 55.


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Dietary patterns on weekdays and weekend days in 4–14-year-old Danish children

  • Berit W. Rothausen (a1), Jeppe Matthiessen (a1), Lene F. Andersen (a2), Per B. Brockhoff (a3) and Inge Tetens (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114512003662
  • Published online: 10 September 2012
Abstract

Little is known about dietary patterns on weekdays and weekend days in children, and the aim of the present study was to investigate 4–14-year-old children's dietary patterns specifically on weekdays (Monday–Thursday) and weekend days (Saturday–Sunday). Dietary data were derived from the Danish National Survey of Dietary Habits and Physical Activity 2003–8, where a total of 784 children aged 4–14 years completed a 7 d pre-coded food record. Principal component analysis was used to identify dietary patterns in the age groups 4–6, 7–10 and 11–14 years. Consistently, two dietary patterns, labelled ‘processed’ and ‘health conscious’, emerged on both weekdays and weekend days. Factor scores from corresponding dietary patterns were significantly correlated between weekdays and weekend days with the exception of the ‘health conscious’ pattern in the 7–10-year-olds. Within each age group, children with high agreement for the ‘processed’ pattern had a significantly higher dietary energy density, which was reflected in significantly higher intakes of sugar-sweetened beverages and lower intakes of fruit and vegetables, compared with children with high agreement for the ‘health conscious’ pattern (P< 0·05). Moreover, these variables indicated less healthy dietary intakes on weekend days than on weekdays for both patterns. In conclusion, two distinct dietary patterns, labelled ‘processed’ and ‘health conscious’, were identified on both weekdays and weekend days for each age group. While overall major dietary patterns may somewhat track between weekdays and weekends, the specific foods actually eaten became less healthy during weekends.

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*Corresponding author: B. W. Rothausen, fax +45 3588 7119, email bewro@food.dtu.dk
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British Journal of Nutrition
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  • EISSN: 1475-2662
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-nutrition
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