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Fibre and colorectal cancer: a controversial question

  • Antoni Obrador (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/BJN20061700
  • Published online: 01 March 2007
Abstract

Since the 1970s it has been postulated that dietary fibre is a protective factor against colorectal cancer. Several epidemiological studies have been performed following different designs (correlation studies, case–control, cohort) and overall they have supported the hypothesis of a benefit of dietary fibre. However, a few intervention trials have not demonstrated the preventive role of dietary fibre on the occurrence of adenomatous colorectal polyps. Nevertheless, there are multiple animal experimental studies that support the role of fibre in the prevention of colorectal cancer. In the present review, the most important contributions to this controversial question are revised. Finally, it is recommended to continue encouraging an increase in the daily consumption of fibre, since it probably plays an important role in the prevention of colorectal cancer, together with other beneficial effects.

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*Corresponding author: Dr Antoni Obrador, fax +34 971 175228, email obrador@hsd.es
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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

DS Alberts , ME Martínez & DJ Roe (2000) Lack of effect of a high-fiber cereal supplement on the recurrence of colorectal adenomas. N Engl J Med 342, 11561162.

American Gastroenterological Association (2000) AGA Technical Review: impact of dietary fiber on colon cancer occurrence. Gastroenterology 118, 12351257.

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C Bonithon-Kopp , O Kronborg & A Giacosa (2000) Calcium and fibre supplementation in prevention of colorectal adenoma recurrence: a randomised intervention trial. European Cancer Prevention Organisation Study Group. Lancet 356, 13001306.

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British Journal of Nutrition
  • ISSN: 0007-1145
  • EISSN: 1475-2662
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-nutrition
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