Cederholm, T, Bosaeus, I, Barazzoni, R, et al. (2015) Diagnostic criteria for malnutrition – an ESPEN Consensus Statement. Clin Nutr
Guigoz, Y (2006) The Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) review of the literature – what does it tell us?
J Nutr Health Aging
10, 466–485; discussion 485–487.
Kaiser, MJ, Bauer, JM, Ramsch, C, et al. (2010) Frequency of malnutrition in older adults: a multinational perspective using the mini nutritional assessment. J Am Geriatr Soc
Vanderwee, K, Clays, E, Bocquaert, I, et al. (2010) Malnutrition and associated factors in elderly hospital patients: a Belgian cross-sectional, multi-centre study. Clin Nutr
Rasmussen, HH, Holst, M & Kondrup, J (2010) Measuring nutritional risk in hospitals. Clin Epidemiol
Larsson, J, Andersson, M, Askelof, N, et al. (1994) Undernäring vanligt vid svenska sjukhus. Risken for komplikationer och förlängd vårdtid ökar (Malnutrition common in Swedish hospitals. Risk of complications and prolonged care increases). Nord Med
109, 292–295 (In Swedish).
Amaral, TF, Matos, LC, Teixeira, MA, et al. (2010) Undernutrition and associated factors among hospitalized patients. Clin Nutr
Rasheed, S & Woods, RT (2014) An investigation into the association between nutritional status and quality of life in older people admitted to hospital. J Hum Nutr Diet
Dent, E, Visvanathan, R, Piantadosi, C, et al. (2012) Nutritional screening tools as predictors of mortality, functional decline, and move to higher level care in older people: a systematic review. J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr
Correia, MI, Hegazi, RA, Higashiguchi, T, et al. (2014) Evidence-based recommendations for addressing malnutrition in health care: an updated strategy from the feedM.E. Global Study Group. J Am Med Dir Assoc
Johansson, U, Larsson, J, Rothenberg, E, et al. (2006) Nutritionsbehandling inom slutenvården. Svenska sjukhus klarar inte Europarådets riktlinjer (Nutritional care in hospitals. Swedish hospitals do not manage to follow the European committee’s guidelines). Läkartidningen
103, 1718–1724 (In Swedish).
Kondrup, J, Allison, SP, Elia, M, et al. (2003) ESPEN guidelines for nutrition screening 2002. Clin Nutr
Vellas, B, Guigoz, Y, Garry, PJ, et al. (1999) The Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) and its use in grading the nutritional state of elderly patients. Nutrition
Soderstrom, L, Rosenblad, A, Adolfsson, ET, et al. (2014) Nutritional status predicts preterm death in older people: a prospective cohort study. Clin Nutr
Cereda, E, Pedrolli, C, Zagami, A, et al. (2011) Nutritional screening and mortality in newly institutionalised elderly: a comparison between the geriatric nutritional risk index and the mini nutritional assessment. Clin Nutr
Compan, B, di Castri, A, Plaze, JM, et al. (1999) Epidemiological study of malnutrition in elderly patients in acute, sub-acute and long-term care using the MNA. J Nutr Health Aging
Covinsky, KE, Martin, GE, Beyth, RJ, et al. (1999) The relationship between clinical assessments of nutritional status and adverse outcomes in older hospitalized medical patients. J Am Geriatr Soc
Kagansky, N, Berner, Y, Koren-Morag, N, et al. (2005) Poor nutritional habits are predictors of poor outcome in very old hospitalized patients. Am J Clin Nutr
82, 784–791; quiz 913–914.
Persson, MD, Brismar, KE, Katzarski, KS, et al. (2002) Nutritional status using mini nutritional assessment and subjective global assessment predict mortality in geriatric patients. J Am Geriatr Soc
Soderstrom, L, Thors Adolfsson, E, Rosenblad, A, et al. (2013) Mealtime habits and meal provision are associated with malnutrition among elderly patients admitted to hospital. Clin Nutr
Charlson, ME, Pompei, P, Ales, KL, et al. (1987) A new method of classifying prognostic comorbidity in longitudinal studies: development and validation. J Chronic Dis
Quan, H, Sundararajan, V, Halfon, P, et al. (2005) Coding algorithms for defining comorbidities in ICD-9-CM and ICD-10 administrative data. Med Care
Bassey, EJ (1986) Demi-span as a measure of skeletal size. Ann Hum Biol
The Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare (Socialstyrelsen) (2013)
Causes of Death 2013 (Dödsorsaker 2013). Stockholm: Statistics Sweden (Statistiska centralbyrån), The Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare (Socialstyrelsen); (In Swedish).
Ludvigsson, JF, Otterblad-Olausson, P, Pettersson, BU, et al. (2009) The Swedish personal identity number: possibilities and pitfalls in healthcare and medical research. Eur J Epidemiol
Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention & National Center for Health Statistics (2003) Medical Examiner’s and Coroner’s Handbook on Death Registration and Fetal Death Reporting. Hyattsville, MD: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Breeze, E, Clarke, R, Shipley, MJ, et al. (2006) Cause-specific mortality in old age in relation to body mass index in middle age and in old age: follow-up of the Whitehall cohort of male civil servants. Int J Epidemiol
Flegal, KM, Kit, BK, Orpana, H, et al. (2013) Association of all-cause mortality with overweight and obesity using standard body mass index categories: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA
Hansel, B, Roussel, R, Elbez, Y, et al. (2015) Cardiovascular risk in relation to body mass index and use of evidence-based preventive medications in patients with or at risk of atherothrombosis. Eur Heart J
Hubert, HB, Feinleib, M, McNamara, PM, et al. (1983) Obesity as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease: a 26-year follow-up of participants in the Framingham Heart Study. Circulation
Flicker, L, McCaul, KA, Hankey, GJ, et al. (2010) Body mass index and survival in men and women aged 70 to 75. J Am Geriatr Soc
Baldwin, C & Weekes, CE (2011) Dietary advice with or without oral nutritional supplements for disease-related malnutrition in adults.
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
, issue 9, CD002008.
Milne, AC, Potter, J, Vivanti, A, et al. (2009) Protein and energy supplementation in elderly people at risk from malnutrition.
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
, issue 2, CD003288.