Altschul, SF, Gish, W, Miller, W, Myers, EW, Lipman, DJ, Basic local alignment search tool. J Mol Biol (1990) 215 403–410.
Alvarez, MJ, Diez, A, Lopez-Bote, C, Gallego, M, Bautista, JM, Short-term modulation of lipogenesis by macronutrients in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) hepatocytes. Br J Nutr (2000) 84 619–628.
Amri, EZ, Teboul, L, Vannier, C, Grimaldi, PA, Ailhaud, G, Fatty acids regulate the expression of lipoprotein lipase gene and activity in preadipose and adipose cells. Biochem J (1996) 341 541–546.
Armstrong, MJ, Carey, MC, Thermodynamic and molecular determinants of sterol solubilities in bile salt micelles. J Lipid Res (1987) 28 1144–1155.
Babin, PJ, Vernier, JM, Plasma lipoproteins in fish. J Lipid Res (1989) 30 467–489.
Baltzell, JK, Wooten, JT, Otto, DA, Lipoprotein lipase in rats fed fish oil: apparent relationship to plasma insulin levels. Lipids (1991) 26 289–294.
Bautista, JM, Garrido-Pertierra, A, Soler, G, Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase fromDicentrarchus labrax liver: kinetic mechanism and kinetics of NADPH inhibition. Biochim Biophys Acta (1998) 967 354–363.
Bell, JG, McEvoy, J, Tocher, DR, McGhee, F, Campbell, PJ, Sargent, JR, Replacement of fish oil with rapeseed oil in diets of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) affects tissue lipid compositions and hepatocyte fatty acid metabolism. J Nutr (2001) 131 1535–1543.
Bell, JG, Henderson, RJ, Tocher, DR, McGhee, F, Dick, JR, Porter, A, Smullen, RP, Sargent, JR, Substituting fish oil with crude palm oil in the diet of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) affects muscle fatty acid composition and hepatic fatty acid metabolism. J Nutr (2002) 132 222–230.
Bendiksen, EA, Berg, OK, Jobling, M, Arnesen, AM, Masoval, K, Digestibility, growth and nutrient utilisation of Atlantic salmon parr (Salmo salar L.) in relation to temperature, feed fat content and oil source. Aquaculture (2003) 224 283–299.
Bengtsson-Olivecrona, G, Olivecrona, TAssay of lipoprotein lipase and hepatic lipase. In Lipoprotein Analysis PP. [Converse, C, Skinner, ER, editors]. Oxford: Oxford University Press (1992) 169–185.
Blake, WL, Clarke, SD, Suppression of rat hepatic fatty acid synthase and S14 gene transcription by dietary polyunsaturated fat. J Nutr (1990) 120 1727–1729.
Bradford, MM, A rapid and sensitive method for the quantitation of microgram quantities of protein utilizing the principle of protein-dye binding. Anal Biochem (1976) 72 248–254.
Caballero, MJ, Obach, A, Rosenlund, G, Montero, D, Gisvold, M, Izquierdo, MS, Impact of different dietary lipid sources on growth, lipid digestibility, tissue fatty acid composition and histology of rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss. Aquaculture (2002) 214 253–271.
Chang, NW, Wu, CT, Chen, FN, Huang, PC, High polyunsaturated
and monounsaturated fatty acid to saturated fatty acid ratio increases plasma very low density lipoprotein lipids and reduces the hepatic hypertriglyceridemic effect of dietary cholesterol in rats. Nutr Res (2004) 24 73–83.
Chapman, MJ, Goldstein, S, Mills, GL, Leger, C, Distribution
and characterization of the serum lipoproteins and their apoproteins in the rainbow trout (Salmo gairdnerii). Biochemistry (1978) 17 4455–4464.
Clarke, SD, Armstrong, MK, Jump, DB, Dietary polyunsaturated fats uniquely suppress rat liver fatty acid synthase and S14 mRNA content. J Nutr (1990) 120 225–231.
Corraze, G, Kaushik, S, Lipids from marine and freshwater fish. Oléagineux Corps Gras Lipides (1999) 6 111–115.
Dias, J, Alvarez, MJ, Diez, A, Arzel, J, Corraze, G, Bautista, JM, Kaushik, SJ, Regulation of hepatic lipogenesis by dietary protein/energy in juvenile European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax). Aquaculture (1998) 161 169–186.
Dietschy, JM, Dietary fatty acids and the regulation of plasma low density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations. J Nutr (1998) 128 444S–448S.
Fernandez, ML, West, KL, Mechanisms by which dietary fatty acids modulate plasma lipids. J Nutr (2005) 135 2075–2078.
Folch, J, Lees, M, Sloane Stanley, GH, A simple method for the isolation and purification of total lipids from animal tissues. J Biol Chem (1957) 226 497–509.
Fox, JC, McGill, HC jr, Carey, KD, Getz, GS, In vivo regulation of hepatic LDL receptor mRNA in the baboon. Differential effects of saturated and unsaturated fat. J Biol Chem (1987) 262 7014–7020.
Gelineau, A, Corraze, G, Boujard, T, Larroquet, L, Kaushik, S, Relation between dietary lipid level and voluntary feed intake, growth, nutrient gain, lipid deposition and hepatic lipogenesis in rainbow trout. Reprod Nutr Dev (2001) 41 487–503.
Gilman, CI, Leusch, FDL, Breckenridge, WC, MacLatchy, DL, Effects of a phytosterol mixture on male fish plasma lipoprotein fractions and testis P450scc activity. Gen Comparative Endocrinol (2003) 130 172–184.
Gomez-Requeni, P, Mingarro, M, Kirchner, S, Calduch-Giner, JA, Medale, F, Corraze, G, Panserat, S, Martin, SAM, Houlihan, DF, Kaushik, SJ, Perez-Sanchez, J, Effects of dietary amino acid profile on growth performance, key metabolic enzymes and somatotropic axis responsiveness of gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata). Aquaculture (2003) 220, 749–767.
Greene, DHS, Selivonchick, DP, Effects of dietary vegetable, animal and marine lipids on muscle lipid and haematology of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Aquaculture (1990) 89, 165–182.
Grundy, SM, Denke, MA, Dietary influences on serum lipids and lipoproteins. J Lipid Res (1990) 31, 1149–1172.
Guillou, A, Soucy, P, Khalil, M, Adambounou, L, Effects of
dietary vegetable and marine lipid on growth, muscle fatty acid composition and organoleptic quality of flesh of brook charr (Salvelinus fontinalis). Aquaculture (1995) 136, 351–362.
Higgins, DG, Sharp, PM, Fast and sensitive multiple sequence alignments on a microcomputer. Comput Appl Biosci (1998) 5 151–153.
Horton, JD, Cuthbert, JA, Spady, DK, Dietary fatty acids regulate hepatic low density lipoprotein (LDL) transport by altering LDL receptor protein and mRNA levels. J Clin Invest (1993) 92 743–749.
Hsu, RY, Butterworth, PHW, Porter, JWPigeon liver fatty acid synthetase. inMethods of Enzymology, vol. 14, pp. (Lowenstein, JM,) New York: Academic Press. (1969 33–39.
Hung, SSO, Storebakken, T, Carbohydrate utilization by rainbow-trout is affected by feeding strategy. J Nutr (1994) 124 223–230.
Izquierdo, MS, Obach, A, Arantzamendi, L, Montero, D, Robaina, L, Rosenlund, G, Dietary lipid sources for seabream and seabass: growth performance, tissue composition and flesh quality. Aquacult Nutr (2003) 9 397–407.
Jeffery, NM, Yaqoob, P, Wiggins, D, Gibbons, GF, Newsholme, EA, Calder, PC, Characterization of lipoprotein composition in rats fed different dietary lipids and of the effects of lipoproteins upon lymphocyte proliferation. J Nutr Biochem (1996) 7 282–292.
Kuo, P, Weinfeld, M, Loscalzo, J, Effect of membrane fatty acyl composition on LDL metabolism in Hep G2 hepatocytes. Biochemistry (1990) 29 6626–6632.
Liang, XF, Ogata, HY, Oku, H, Effect of dietary fatty acids on lipoprotein lipase gene expression in the liver and visceral adipose tissue of fed and starved red sea bream Pagrus major. Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol (2002 a) 132 913–919.
Liang, XF, Ogata, HY, Oku, H, The effects of feeding condition and dietary lipid level on lipoprotein lipase gene expression in liver and visceral adipose tissue of red sea breamPagrus major. Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol (2002 b) 131 335–342.
Lie, O, Sandvin, A, Waagbo, R, Influence of dietary fatty acids on the lipid composition of lipoproteins in farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Fish Physiol Biochem (1993) 12 249–260.
Lin, H, Romsos, DR, Tack, PI, Leveille, GA, Influence of dietary lipid on lipogenic enzyme activities in coho salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch (Walbaum). J Nutr (1977) 107 846–854.
Lindberg, A, Olivecrona, G, Lipase evolution: trout, Xenopus and chicken have lipoprotein lipase and apolipoprotein C-II-like activity but lack hepatic lipase-like activity. Biochim Biophys Acta (1995) 1255 205–211.
Matsuyama, H, Sato, K, Nakamura, Y, Suzuki, K & Akiba, YModulation of regulatory factors involved in cholesterol metabolism in response to feeding of pravastatin- or cholesterol-supplemented diet in chickens. Biochim Biophys Acta (2005) 1734, 136–142.
Matvienko, OA, Lewis, DS, Swanson, M, Arndt, B, Rainwater, DL, Stewart, J & Alekel, DLA single daily dose of soybean phytosterols in ground beef decreases serum total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol in young, mildly hypercholesterolemic men. Am J Clin Nutr (2002) 76, 57–64.
Menoyo, D, Lopez-Bote, CJ, Bautista, JM & Obach, AGrowth, digestibility and fatty acid utilization in large Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) fed varying levels of n-3 and saturated fatty acids. Aquaculture (2003) 225, 295–307.
Menoyo, D, Izquierdo, MS, Robaina, L, Gines, R, Lopez-Bote, CJ & Bautista, JMAdaptation of lipid metabolism, tissue composition and flesh quality in gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) to the replacement of dietary fish oil by linseed and soyabean oils. Br J Nutr (2004) 92, 41–52.
Michaud, SE, Renier, GDirect regulatory effect of fatty acids on macrophage lipoprotein lipase: potential role of PPARs. Diabetes (2001) 50, 660–666.
Moghadasian, MH & Frohlich, JJEffects of dietary phytosterols on cholesterol metabolism and atherosclerosis: clinical and experimental evidence. Am J Med (1999) 107, 588–594.
Montalto, MB & Bensadoun, ALipoprotein lipase synthesis and secretion: effects of concentration and type of fatty acids in adipocyte cell culture. J Lipid Res (1993) 34, 397–407.
Murphy, MC, Zampelas, A, Puddicombe, SM, Furlonger, NP, Morgan, LM & Williams, CMPretranslational regulation of the expression of the lipoprotein lipase (EC 188.8.131.52) gene by dietary fatty acids in the rat. Br J Nutr (1993) 70, 727–736.
Mustad, VA, Ellsworth, JL, Cooper, AD, Kris-Etherton, PM & Etherton, TDDietary linoleic acid increases and palmitic acid decreases hepatic LDL receptor protein and mRNA abundance in young pigs. J Lipid Res (1996) 37, 2310–2323.
National Research Council Nutrient Requirements of Fish. Washington, DC:. National Academy Press. (1993)
New, MB & Wijkstroem, UNUse of Fishmeal and Fish Oil in Aquafeeds. Futher Thoughts on the Fishmeal Trap. FAO Fisheries Circular no. Rome:. FAO 975,2002).
Normen, L, Dutta, P, Lia, A & Andersson, HSoy sterol esters and beta-sitostanol ester as inhibitors of cholesterol absorption in human small bowel. Am J Clin Nutr (2000) 71, 908–913.
Ochoa, SMalic enzyme. In Methods of Enzymology, (Colowick, SP & Kaplan, NO, editors) New York:. Academic Press. (1955. vol11, pp 739–753.
Pfaffl, MW, Horgan, GW & Dempfle, LRelative expression software tool (REST ©)) for group-wise comparison and statistical analysis of relative expression results in real-time PCR. Nucleic Acids Res (2002) 30, 1–10.
Phillips, KM, Ruggio, DM, Toivo, JI, Swank, MA & Simpkins, AHFree and esterified sterol composition of edible oils and fats. J Food Compost Anal (2002) 15, 123–142.
Raclot, T, Groscolas, R, Langin, D & Ferre, PSite-specific regulation of gene expression by n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in rat white adipose tissues. J Lipid Res (1997) 38, 1963–1972.
Regost, C, Arzel, J, Cardinal, M, Robin, J, Laroche, M & Kaushik, SJDietary lipid level, hepatic lipogenesis and flesh quality in turbot (Psetta maxima). Aquaculture (2001) 193, 291–309.
Regost, C, Arzel, J, Robin, J, Rosenlund, G & Kaushik, SJTotal replacement of fish oil by soybean or linseed oil with a return to fish oil in turbot (Psetta maxima) –1. Growth performance, flesh fatty acid profile, and lipid metabolism. Aquaculture (2003) 217, 465–482.
Rosenlund, G, Obach, A, Sandberg, MG, Standal, H & Tveit, KEffect of alternative lipid sources on long-term growth performance and quality of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). Aquacult Res (2001) 32, 323–328.
Salati, LM & Amir-Ahmady, BDietary regulation of expression of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase. Annu Rev Nutr (2001) 21, 121–140.
Salter, AM, Mangiapane, EH, Bennett, AJ, Bruce, JS, Billett, MA, Anderton, KL, Marenah, CB, Lawson, N & White, DAThe effect of different dietary fatty acids on lipoprotein metabolism: concentration-dependent effects of diets enriched in oleic, myristic, palmitic and stearic acids. Br J Nutr (1998) 79, 195–202.
Shantha, NC, Ackman, RGNervonic acid versus tricosanoic acid as internal standards in quantitative gas chromatographic analyses of fish oil longer-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid methyl esters. J Chromatogr B Biomed Appl (1990) 533, 1–10.
Sheridan, MALipid dynamics in fish: aspects of absorption, transportation, deposition and mobilization. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol (1988) 90, 679–690.
Sorci-Thomas, M, Wilson, MD, Johnson, FL, Williams, DL & Rudel, LLStudies on the expression of genes encoding apolipoproteins B100 and B48 and the low density lipoprotein receptor in nonhuman primates. Comparison of dietary fat and cholesterol. J Biol Chem (1989) 264, 9039–9045.
Spady, DK & Dietschy, JMInteraction of dietary cholesterol and triglycerides in the regulation of hepatic low density lipoprotein transport in the hamster. J Clin Invest (1988) 81, 300–309.
Stabile, LP, Hodge, DL, Klautky, SA & Salati, LMPosttranscriptional regulation of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase by dietary polyunsaturated fat. Arch Biochem Biophys (1996) 332, 269–279.
Stabile, LP, Klautky, SA, Minor, SM & Salati, LMPolyunsaturated fatty acids inhibit the expression of the glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase gene in primary rat hepatocytes by a nuclear posttranscriptional mechanism. J Lipid Res (1998) 39, 1951–1963.
Temme, EHM, Mensink, RP & Hornstra, GEffects of medium chain fatty acids (MCFA), myristic acid, and oleic acid on serum lipoproteins in healthy subjects. J Lipid Res (1997) 38, 1746–1754.
Tocher, DRMetabolism and functions of lipids and fatty acids in teleost fish. Fish Sci (2003) 11, 107–184.
Torstensen, BE, Lie, O & Froyland, LLipid metabolism and tissue composition in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) – effects of capelin oil, palm oil, and oleic acid-enriched sunflower oil as dietary lipid sources. Lipids (2000) 35, 653–664.
Torstensen, BE, Froyland, L & Lie, OReplacing dietary fish oil with increasing levels of rapeseed oil and olive oil –effects on Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) tissue and lipoprotein lipid composition and lipogenic enzyme activities. Aquacult Nutr (2004) 10, 175–192.
Vanstone, CA, Raeini-Sarjaz, M, Parsons, WE & Jones, PJUnesterified plant sterols and stanols lower LDL-cholesterol concentrations equivalently in hypercholesterolemic persons. Am J Clin Nutr (2002) 76, 1272–1278.
Walzem, RL, Storebakken, T, Hung, SS & Hansen, RJRelationship between growth and selected liver enzyme activities of individual rainbow trout. J Nutr (1991) 121, 1090–1098.
Watanabe, TLipid nutrition in fish. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol (1982) 273, 3–15.
Zampelas, A, Murphy, M, Morgan, LM & Williams, CMPostprandial lipoprotein lipase, insulin and gastric inhibitory polypeptide responses to test meals of different fatty acid composition: comparison of saturated, n-6 and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Eur J Clin Nutr (1994) 48, 849–858.