Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Should yoghurt cultures be considered probiotic?

  • Francisco Guarner (a1), Gabriela Perdigon (a2), Gérard Corthier (a3), Seppo Salminen (a4), Berthold Koletzko (a5) and Lorenzo Morelli (a6)...
Abstract

Probiotics are live micro-organisms that when administered in adequate amounts confer a health benefit on the host. Consumption of yoghurt has been shown to induce measurable health benefits linked to the presence of live bacteria. A number of human studies have clearly demonstrated that yoghurt containing viable bacteria (Streptococcus thermophilus and Lactobacillus delbrueckii sp. bulgaricus) improves lactose digestion and eliminates symptoms of lactose intolerance. Thus, these cultures clearly fulfil the current concept of probiotics.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Should yoghurt cultures be considered probiotic?
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Should yoghurt cultures be considered probiotic?
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Should yoghurt cultures be considered probiotic?
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Dr Francisco Guarner, fax +34 93489 4456, email fguarnera@medynet.com
References
Hide All
Bezkorovainy A (2001) Probiotics: determinants of survival and growth in the gut. Am J Clin Nutr 73, Suppl.399S405S.
Boudraa G, Benbouabdellah M, Hachelaf W, Boisset M, Desjeux JF & Touhami M (2001) Effect of feeding yogurt versus milk in children with acute diarrhea and carbohydrate malabsorption. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 33, 307313.
Boudraa G, Touhami M, Pochart P, Soltana R, Mary JY & Desjeux JF (1990) Effect of feeding yogurt versus milk in children with persistent diarrhea. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 11, 509512.
Brigidi P, Swennen E, Vitali B, Rossi M & Matteuzzi D (2003) PCR detection of Bifidobacterium strains and Streptococcus thermophilus in feces of human subjects after oral bacteriotherapy and yogurt consumption. Int J Food Microbiol 81, 203209.
Callegari ML, Morelli L, Ferrari SL Cobo Sanz JM & Antoine JM (2004) Yogurt symbiosis survived in human gut after ingestion. FASEB J 18, 1158Abstr.
Dewit O, Pochart P & Desjeux J-F (1988) Breath hydrogen concentration and plasma glucose, insulin and free fatty acid levels after lactose, milk, fresh or heated yogurt ingestion by healthy young adults with or without lactose malabsorption. Nutrition 4, 131135.
Diplock AT, Aggett PJ, Ashwell M, Bornet F, Fern EB & Roberfroid MB (1999) Scientific concepts of functional foods in Europe: consensus document. Br J Nutr 81, Suppl. 1S1S27.
Drouault S, Anba J & Corthier G (2002) Streptococcus thermophilus is able to produce a beta-galactosidase active during its transit in the digestive tract of germ-free mice. Appl Environ Microbiol 68, 938941.
Ducluzeau R (2002) To be or not to be an attached probiotic. Yoghurts & Fermented Milks 7, 1.
Fuller R (1989) Probiotics in man and animals. J Appl Bacteriol 66, 365378.
Fuller R (1991) Probiotics in human medicine. Gut 32, 439442.
Gilliland SE & Kim HS (1984) Effect of viable starter culture bacteria in yogurt on lactose utilization in humans. J Dairy Sci 67, 16.
Guarner F & Malagelada JR (2003) Gut flora in health and disease. Lancet 361, 512519.
Guarner F & Schaafsma G (1998) Probiotics. Int J Food Microbiol 39, 237238.
Havenaar R & Huis In't Veld JHJ (1992) Probiotics: a general view. In Lactic Acid Bacteria in Health and Disease, vol. 1 pp. 151171 [Wood BJB, editor] Amsterdam: Elsevier Applied Science Publishers.
Hoepelman AIM & Tuomanen EI (1992) Consequences of microbial attachment: directing host cell functions with adhesins. Infect Immun 60, 17291733.
Joint Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization Working Group (2002) Guidelines for the evaluation of probiotics in food. http://www.fao.org/es/esn/food/
Labayen I, Forga L González A Lenoir I & Martínez AJ (2001) Relationship between lactose digestion, gastrointestinal transit time and symptoms in lactose malabsorbers after dairy consumption. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 15, 543549.
Lerebours E N'Djitoyap Ndam C, Lavoine A, Hellot MF, Antoine JM & Colin R (1989) Yogurt and fermented-then-pasteurized milk: effects of short-term and long-term ingestion on lactose absorption and mucosal lactase activity in lactase-deficient subjects. Am J Clin Nutr 49, 823827.
Lick S, Drescher K & Heller KJ (2001) Survival of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus in the terminal ileum of fistulated Gottingen minipigs. Appl Environ Microbiol 67, 41374143.
Lilly DM & Stillwell RH (1965) Probiotics: growth-promoting factors produced by micro-organisms. Science 147, 747748.
McDonough FE Hitchins AD, Wong NP, Wells P & Bodwell CE (1987) Modification of sweet acidophilus milk to improve utilization by lactose-intolerant persons. Am J Clin Nutr 45, 570574.
Marteau P, Flourie B, Pochart P, Chastang C, Desjeux J-F & Rambaud J-C (1990) Effect of the microbial lactase (EC 3.2.1.23) activity in yoghurt on the intestinal absorption of lactose: an in vivo study on lactase deficient humans. Br J Nutr 64, 7179.
Martini MC, Bollweg GL, Levitt MD & Savaiano DA (1987) Lactose digestion by yogurt beta-galactosidase: influence of pH and microbial cell integrity. Am J Clin Nutr 45, 432436.
Meydani SN & Ha WK (2000) Immunologic effects of yogurt. Am J Clin Nutr 71, 861872.
Nutini LG, Sperti GS, Fardon JC, Duarte AG & Freidel JF (1982) Probiotics: nonantigenic tissue fractions in cancer control. J Surg Oncol 19, 233237.
Parker RB (1974) Probiotics, the other half of the antibiotic story. Anim Nutr Health 29, 48.
Pelletier X, Laure-Boussuge S & Donazzolo Y (2001) Hydrogen excretion upon ingestion of dairy products in lactose-intolerant male subjects: importance of the live flora. Eur J Clin Nutr 55, 509512.
Pochart P, Dewit O, Desjeux JF & Bourlioux P (1989) Viable starter culture, beta-galactosidase activity, and lactose in duodenum after yogurt ingestion in lactase-deficient humans. Am J Clin Nutr 49, 828831.
Reid G, Sanders ME, Gaskins HR, Gibson GR, Mercenier A, Rastall R, Roberfroid M, Rowland I, Cherbut C & Klaenhammer TR (2003) New scientific paradigms for probiotics and prebiotics. J Clin Gastroenterol 37, 105118.
Rembacken BJ, Snelling AM, Hawkey PM, Chalmers DM & Axon AT (1999) Non-pathogenic Escherichia coli versus mesalazine for the treatment of ulcerative colitis: a randomised trial. Lancet 354, 635639.
Rizkalla SW, Luo J, Kabir M, Chevalier A, Pacher N & Slama G (2000) Chronic consumption of fresh but not heated yogurt improves breath-hydrogen status and short-chain fatty acid profiles: a controlled study in healthy men with or without lactose maldigestion. Am J Clin Nutr 72, 14741479.
Salminen S, Bouley C, Bouton-Ruault MC, Cummings JH, Franck A, Gibson GR, Isolauri E, Moreau MC, Roberfroid M & Rowland I (1998) Functional food science and gastrointestinal physiology and function. Br J Nutr 80, Suppl. 1S147S171.
Sanders ME, Walker DC, Walker KM, Aoyama K & Klaenhammer TR (1996) Performance of commercial ferments in fluid milk applications. J Dairy Sci 79, 943955.
Savaiano DA, Abou ElAnouar A, Smith DE & Levitt MD (1984) Lactose malabsorption from yogurt, pasteurized yogurt, sweet acidophilus milk, and cultured milk in lactase-deficient individuals. Am J Clin Nutr 40, 12191223.
Sperti GS (1971) Probiotics, West Point, CT: Avi Publishing Co.
Van de Water J, Keen CL & Gershwin ME (1999) The influence of chronic yogurt consumption on immunity. J Nutr 129, 1492S1495S.
Varela-Moreiras G, Antoine JM, Ruiz-Roso B & Varela G (1992) Effects of yogurt and fermented-then-pasteurized milk on lactose absorption in an institutionalized elderly group. J Am Coll Nutr 11, 168171.
Vergin F (1954) Anti- und Probiotika. Hippokrates 25, 116119.
World Health Organization (1995) The Treatment of Diarrhoea. A Manual for Physicians and Other Senior Health Workers. WHO/CDR/95.3 10/95. Geneva: WHO.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

British Journal of Nutrition
  • ISSN: 0007-1145
  • EISSN: 1475-2662
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 4
Total number of PDF views: 749 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 1229 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 22nd October 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.