This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
1C Cabrera , R Artacho & R Giménez (2006) Beneficial effects of green tea – a review. J Am Coll Nutr 25, 79–99.
2C Wu & G Wei (2002) Tea as a functional food for oral health. Nutrition 18, 443–444.
3N Hasegawa , N Yamda & M Mori (2003) Powdered green tea has antilipogenic effect on Zucker rats fed a high-fat diet. Phytother Res 17, 477–480.
4H Tsuneki , M Ishizuka , M Terasawa , (2004) Effect of green tea on blood glucose levels and serum proteomic patterns in diabetic (db/db) mice and on glucose metabolism in healthy humans. BMC Pharmacol 4, 18.
5N Zaveri (2006) Green tea and its polyphenolic catechins: medicinal uses in cancer and noncancer applications. Life Sci 78, 2073–2080.
6S Shiota , M Shimizu , T Mizushima , (1999) Marked reduction in the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of beta-lactams in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus produced by epicatechin gallate, an ingredient of green tea (Camellia sinensis). Biol Pharm Bull 22, 1388–1390.
7C Nance , E Siwak & W Shearer (2009) Preclinical development of the green tea catechin, epigallocatechin gallate, as an HIV-1 therapy. J Allergy Clin Immunol 123, 459–465.
10Q Shixian , B VanCrey , J Shi , (2006) Green tea extract thermogenesis-induced weight loss by epigallocatechin gallate inhibition of catechol-O-methyltransferase. J Med Food 9, 451–458.
11P Babu & D Liu (2008) Green tea catechins and cardiovascular health: an update. Curr Med Chem 15, 1840–1850.
12K Muramatsu , M Fukuyo & Y Hara (1986) Effect of green tea catechins on plasma cholesterol level in cholesterol-fed rats. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo) 32, 613–622.
14A Dulloo , J Seydoux , L Girardier , (2000) Green tea and thermogenesis: interactions between catechin-polyphenols, caffeine and sympathetic activity. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 24, 252–258.
15M Boschmann & F Thielecke (2007) The effects of epigallocatechin-3-gallate on thermogenesis and fat oxidation in obese men: a pilot study. J Am Coll Nutr 26, 389S–395S.
17S Rudelle , M Ferruzzi , I Cristiani , (2007) Effect of a thermogenic beverage on 24-hour energy metabolism in humans. Obesity (Silver Spring) 15, 349–355.
20A Hill , A Coates , J Buckley , (2007) Can EGCG reduce abdominal fat in obese subjects? J Am Coll Nutr 26, 396S–402S.
21P Chantre & D Lairon (2002) Recent findings of green tea extract AR25 (Exolise) and its activity for the treatment of obesity. Phytomedicine 9, 3–8.
22O Kajimoto , Y Kajimoto , M Yabune , (2005) Tea catechins with a galloyl moiety reduce body weight and fat. J Health Sci 51, 161–171.
23U Harada , A Chikama , S Saito , (2005) Effects of the long-term ingestion of tea catechins on energy expenditure and dietary fat oxidation in healthy subjects. J Health Sci 51, 248–252.
24P Auvichayapat , M Prapochanung , O Tunkamnerdthai , (2008) Effectiveness of green tea on weight reduction in obese Thais: a randomized, controlled trial. Physiol Behav 93, 486–491.
25H Wang , Y Wen , Y Du , (2010) Effects of catechin enriched green tea on body composition. Obesity 18, 773–779.
26T Nagao , T Hase & I Tokimitsu (2007) A green tea extract high in catechins reduces body fat and cardiovascular risks in humans. Obesity (Silver Spring) 15, 1473–1483.
27T Matsuyama , Y Tanaka , I Kamimaki , (2008) Catechin safely improved higher levels of fatness, blood pressure, and cholesterol in children. Obesity 16, 1338–1348.
28C Hsu , T Tsai , Y Kao , (2008) Effect of green tea extract on obese women: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Clin Nutr 27, 363–370.
31M Westerterp-Plantenga , M Lejeune & E Kovacs (2005) Body weight loss and weight maintenance in relation to habitual caffeine intake and green tea supplementation. Obes Res 13, 1195–1204.
32A Shimotoyodome , S Haramizu , M Inaba , (2005) Exercise and green tea extract stimulate fat oxidation and prevent obesity in mice. Med Sci Sports Exerc 37, 1884–1892.
33T Murase , S Haramizu , A Shimotoyodome , (2006) Green tea extract improves running endurance in mice by stimulating lipid utilization during exercise. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 290, R1550–R1556.
34T Murase , S Haramizu , A Shimotoyodome , (2005) Green tea extract improves endurance capacity and increases muscle lipid oxidation in mice. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 288, R708–R715.
35S Klaus , S Pültz , C Thöne-Reineke , (2005) Epigallocatechin gallate attenuates diet-induced obesity in mice by decreasing energy absorption and increasing fat oxidation. Int J Obes (Lond) 29, 615–623.
37JJ Choo (2003) Green tea reduces body fat accretion caused by high-fat diet in rats through beta-adrenoceptor activation of thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue. J Nutr Biochem 14, 671–676.
38I Ikeda , R Hamamoto , K Uzu , (2005) Dietary gallate esters of tea catechins reduce deposition of visceral fat, hepatic triacylglycerol, and activities of hepatic enzymes related to fatty acid synthesis in rats. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 69, 1049–1053.
39T Murase , S Haramizu , N Ota , (2008) Tea catechin ingestion combined with habitual exercise suppresses the aging-associated decline in physical performance in senescence-accelerated mice. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 295, R281–R289.
40I Ikeda , M Kobayashi , T Hamada , (2003) Heat-epimerized tea catechins rich in gallocatechin gallate and catechin gallate are more effective to inhibit cholesterol absorption than tea catechins rich in epigallocatechin gallate and epicatechin gallate. J Agric Food Chem 51, 7303–7307.
41R Seto , H Nakamura , F Nanjo , (1997) Preparation of epimers of tea catechins by heat treatment. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 61, 1434–1439.
42B Yang , K Arai & F Kusu (2000) Determination of catechins in human urine subsequent to tea ingestion by high-performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection. Anal Biochem 283, 77–82.
43M Suzuki , M Sano , R Yoshida , (2003) Epimerization of tea catechins and O-methylated derivatives of ( − )-epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate: relationship between epimerization and chemical structure. J Agric Food Chem 51, 510–514.
45H Chow , I Hakim , D Vining , (2005) Effects of dosing condition on the oral bioavailability of green tea catechins after single-dose administration of polyphenon E in healthy individuals. Clin Cancer Res 11, 4627–4633.
46K Nakagawa , S Okuda & T Miyazawa (1997) Dose-dependent incorporation of tea catechins, ( − )-epigallocatechin-3-gallate and ( − )-epigallocatechin, into human plasma. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 61, 1981–1985.
47W Mullen , G Borges , ME Lean , (2010) Identification of metabolites in human plasma and urine after consumption of a polyphenol-rich juice drink. J Agric Food Chem 58, 2586–2595.
48A Stalmach , W Mullen , H Steiling , (2010) Absorption, metabolism, and excretion of green tea flavan-3-ols in humans with an ileostomy. Mol Nutr Food Res 54, 323–334.
49A Stalmach , S Troufflard , M Serafini , (2009) Absorption, metabolism and excretion of Choladi green tea flavan-3-ols by humans. Mol Nutr Food Res 53, S44–S53.
52R Borchardt & J Huber (1975) Catechol O-methyltransferase. 5. Structure–activity relationships for inhibition by flavonoids. J Med Chem 18, 120–122.
53C Holm (2003) Molecular mechanisms regulating hormone-sensitive lipase and lipolysis. Biochem Soc Trans 31, 1120–1124.
54H Lu , X Meng & C Yang (2003) Enzymology of methylation of tea catechins and inhibition of catechol-O-methyltransferase by ( − )-epigallocatechin gallate. Drug Metab Dispos 31, 572–579.
55A Dulloo (2002) Biomedicine. A sympathetic defense against obesity. Science 297, 780–781.
56M Lafontan & D Langin (2009) Lipolysis and lipid mobilization in human adipose tissue. Prog Lipid Res 48, 275–297.
57M Mochizuki & N Hasegawa (2004) Effects of green tea catechin-induced lipolysis on cytosol glycerol content in differentiated 3T3-L1 cells. Phytother Res 18, 945–946.
58K Diepvens , K Westerterp & M Westerterp-Plantenga (2007) Obesity and thermogenesis related to the consumption of caffeine, ephedrine, capsaicin, and green tea. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 292, R77–R85.
59D Chen , CY Wang , JD Lambert , (2005) Inhibition of human liver catechol-O-methyltransferase by tea catechins and their metabolites: structure–activity relationship and molecular-modeling studies. Biochem Pharmacol 69, 1523–1531.
61BT Zhu , UK Patel , MX Cai , (2001) Rapid conversion of tea catechins to monomethylated products by rat liver cytosolic catechol-O-methyltransferase. Xenobiotica 31, 879–890.
62E Saggerson & C Carpenter (1981) Effects of fasting and malonyl CoA on the kinetics of carnitine palmitoyltransferase and carnitine octanoyltransferase in intact rat liver mitochondria. FEBS Lett 132, 166–168.
63F Escrivá , A Pascual-Leone , J Hernández , (1987) Effect of feeding pattern on the sensitivity of hepatic carnitine palmitoyl-transferase to inhibition by malonyl-CoA in the rat. Comp Biochem Physiol A Comp Physiol 87, 1041–1043.
65E López-Viñas , A Bentebibel , C Gurunathan , (2007) Definition by functional and structural analysis of two malonyl-CoA sites in carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1A. J Biol Chem 282, 18212–18224.
66JK Lin & SY Lin-Shiau (2006) Mechanisms of hypolipidemic and anti-obesity effects of tea and tea polyphenols. Mol Nutr Food Res 50, 211–217.
67Y Kao , H Chang , M Lee , (2006) Tea, obesity, and diabetes. Mol Nutr Food Res 50, 188–210.
68X Wang , K Song , Q Guo , (2003) The galloyl moiety of green tea catechins is the critical structural feature to inhibit fatty-acid synthase. Biochem Pharmacol 66, 2039–2047.
69X Wang & W Tian (2001) Green tea epigallocatechin gallate: a natural inhibitor of fatty-acid synthase. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 288, 1200–1206.
70J Watanabe , J Kawabata & R Niki (1998) Isolation and identification of acetyl-CoA carboxylase inhibitors from green tea (Camellia sinensis). Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 62, 532–534.
71T Murase , K Misawa , S Haramizu , (2009) Catechin-induced activation of the LKB1/AMP-activated protein kinase pathway. Biochem Pharmacol 78, 78–84.
72S Wolfram , Y Wang & F Thielecke (2006) Anti-obesity effects of green tea: from bedside to bench. Mol Nutr Food Res 50, 176–187.
73K Huggins , A Boileau & D Hui (2002) Protection against diet-induced obesity and obesity-related insulin resistance in Group 1B PLA2-deficient mice. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 283, E994–E1001.
74C Juhel , M Armand , Y Pafumi , (2000) Green tea extract (AR25) inhibits lipolysis of triglycerides in gastric and duodenal medium in vitro. J Nutr Biochem 11, 45–51.
75Y Shishikura , S Khokhar & B Murray (2006) Effects of tea polyphenols on emulsification of olive oil in a small intestine model system. J Agric Food Chem 54, 1906–1913.
76S Young & D Hui (1999) Pancreatic lipase/colipase-mediated triacylglycerol hydrolysis is required for cholesterol transport from lipid emulsions to intestinal cells. Biochem J 339, 615–620.
77S Koo & S Noh (2007) Green tea as inhibitor of the intestinal absorption of lipids: potential mechanism for its lipid-lowering effect. J Nutr Biochem 18, 179–183.
78I Ikeda , Y Imasato , E Sasaki , (1992) Tea catechins decrease micellar solubility and intestinal absorption of cholesterol in rats. Biochim Biophys Acta 1127, 141–146.
79S Wang , S Noh & S Koo (2006) Green tea catechins inhibit pancreatic phospholipase A(2) and intestinal absorption of lipids in ovariectomized rats. J Nutr Biochem 17, 492–498.
80T Loftus , D Jaworsky , G Frehywot , (2000) Reduced food intake and body weight in mice treated with fatty acid synthase inhibitors. Science 288, 2379–2381.
81C Bouchard (2000) Inhibition of food intake by inhibitors of fatty acid synthase. N Engl J Med 343, 1888–1889.
83B Li , X Ma , Y Wang , (2005) Structure–activity relationship of polyphenols that inhibit fatty acid synthase. J Biochem 138, 679–685.
84R Hursel , W Viechtbauer & MS Westerterp-Plantenga (2009) The effects of green tea on weight loss and weight maintenance: a meta-analysis. Int J Obes (Lond) 33, 956–961.
86MA Palmatier , AM Kang & KK Kidd (1999) Global variation in the frequencies of functionally different catechol-O-methyltransferase alleles. Biol Psychiatry 46, 557–567.
87R Hursel & MS Westerterp-Plantenga (2009) Green tea catechin plus caffeine supplementation to a high-protein diet has no additional effect on body weight maintenance after weight loss. Am J Clin Nutr 89, 822–830.
88PC Hollman , KH Van Het Hof , LB Tijburg , (2001) Addition of milk does not affect the absorption of flavonols from tea in man. Free Radic Res 34, 297–300.
89JA Kyle , PC Morrice , G McNeill , (2007) Effects of infusion time and addition of milk on content and absorption of polyphenols from black tea. J Agric Food Chem 55, 4889–4894.
90V Panza , E Wazlawik , G Ricardo Schütz , (2008) Consumption of green tea favorably affects oxidative stress markers in weight-trained men. Nutrition 24, 433–442.