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Kathleen Bawn , and Zeynep Somer-Topcu . 2012. Government Versus Opposition at the Polls: How Governing Status Affects the Impact of Policy Positions. American Journal of Political Science 56 (2):433–446.
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James E Campbell . 1983. The Electoral Consequences of Issue Ambiguity: An Examination of the Presidential Candidates’ Issue Positions from 1968 to 1980. Political Behavior 5 (3):277–291.
Lawrence Ezrow . 2005. Are Moderate Parties Rewarded in Multiparty Systems? A Pooled Analysis of Western European Elections, 1984–1998. European Journal of Political Research 44 (6):881–898.
Matthew Gabel , and John Huber . 2000. Putting Parties in their Place: Inferring Party Left-Right Ideological Positions from Party Manifestos Data. American Journal of Political Science 44 (1):94–103.
William Heller , and Carol Mershon . 2008. Dealing in Discipline: Party Switching and Legislative Voting in the Italian Chamber of Deputies, 1988–2000. American Journal of Political Science 52 (4):910–925.
Daniel J. Hopkins , and Gary King . 2010. A Method of Automated Nonparametric Content Analysis for Social Science. American Journal of Political Science 54 (1):229–247.
Michael Laver , and John Garry . 2000. Estimating Policy Positions from Political Texts. American Journal of Political Science 44 (3):619–634.
Michael Laver , and Kenneth A. Shepsle . 1996. Making and Breaking Governments: Cabinets and Legislatures in Parliamentary Democracies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Gary Marks , Liesbet Hooghe , Marco Steenbergen , and Ryan Bakker . 2007. Crossvalidating Data on Party Positioning on European Integration. Electoral Studies 26 (1):23–38.
Lanny Martin , and Georg Vanberg . 2011. Parliaments and Coalitions: The Role of Legislative Institutions in Multiparty Governance. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
John Petrocik . 1996. Issue Ownership in Presidential Elections, with a 1980 Case Study. American Journal of Political Science 40 (3):825–850.
Sven-Oliver Proksch , Jonathan Slapin , and Michael Thies . 2011. Party System Dynamics in Post-War Japan: A Quantitative Content Analysis of Electoral Pledges. Electoral Studies 30 (1):114–124.
Jonathan B. Slapin , and Sven-Oliver Proksch . 2008. A Scaling Model for Estimating Time-Series Party Positions from Texts. American Journal of Political Science 52 (3):705–722.
Arthur Spirling . 2011. US Treaty Making with American Indians: Institutional Change and Relative Power, 1784–1911. American Journal of Political Science 56 (1):84–97.
Margit Tavits . 2009. The Making of Mavericks: Local Loyalties and Party Defection. Comparative Political Studies 42 (6):793–815.