Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 10
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Bu, Maoliang Lin, Chin-Te and Zhang, Bing 2016. GLOBALIZATION AND CLIMATE CHANGE: NEW EMPIRICAL PANEL DATA EVIDENCE. Journal of Economic Surveys, Vol. 30, Issue. 3, p. 577.

    Cao, Xun and Ward, Hugh 2016. Transnational Climate Governance Networks and Domestic Regulatory Action. International Interactions,

    Böhmelt, Tobias Böker, Marit and Ward, Hugh 2015. Democratic inclusiveness, climate policy outputs, and climate policy outcomes. Democratization, p. 1.

    Povitkina, Marina Jagers, Sverker C. Sjöstedt, Martin and Sundström, Aksel 2015. Democracy, development and the marine environment – A global time-series investigation. Ocean & Coastal Management, Vol. 105, p. 25.

    Petherick, Anna 2014. Seeking a fair and sustainable future. Nature Climate Change, Vol. 4, Issue. 2, p. 81.

    2014. World Development Report 2015: Mind, Society, and Behavior.

    Bernauer, Thomas and Böhmelt, Tobias 2013. National climate policies in international comparison: The Climate Change Cooperation Index. Environmental Science & Policy, Vol. 25, p. 196.

    Bernauer, Thomas 2013. Climate Change Politics. Annual Review of Political Science, Vol. 16, Issue. 1, p. 421.

    Bernauer, Thomas Kalbhenn, Anna Koubi, Vally and Spilker, Gabriele 2013. Is there a “Depth versus Participation” dilemma in international cooperation?. The Review of International Organizations, Vol. 8, Issue. 4, p. 477.

    Spilker, Gabriele and Böhmelt, Tobias 2013. The impact of preferential trade agreements on governmental repression revisited. The Review of International Organizations, Vol. 8, Issue. 3, p. 343.


Helpful Organizations: Membership in Inter-Governmental Organizations and Environmental Quality in Developing Countries


Does membership in intergovernmental organizations help developing countries enhance their environmental performance? This article argues that IGO membership can improve the environmental performance of developing countries, by linking different issues, promoting the general idea of environmental sustainability and providing a channel through which these countries receive technologies and resources necessary to reduce pollution. This argument has been tested on panel data for 114 developing countries in 1970–2000. The results confirm that, controlling for a country's income and its political system, IGO membership is indeed associated with a reduction in both air pollution and greenhouse gases. To understand the mechanisms behind this result better, IGO membership is disaggregated according to both function and the degree of institutionalization of the respective organization.

Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

Eric Neumayer , ‘Does Trade Openness Promote Multilateral Environmental Cooperation?’ World Economy, 25 (2002), 815832

Hugh Ward , ‘Liberal Democracy and Sustainability’, Environmental Politics, 17 (2008), 386409

Eric Neumayer , ‘Do Democracies Exhibit Stronger International Environmental Commitment? A Cross-Country Analysis’, Journal of Peace Research, 39 (2002), 139164

Werner Antweiler , Brian R. Copeland and M. Scott Taylor , ‘Is Free Trade Good for the Environment?’, American Economic Review, 91 (2001), 877908

Jeffrey A. Frankel and Andrew K. Rose , ‘Is Trade Good or Bad for the Environment? Sorting out the Causality’, Review of Economics and Statistics, 87 (2005), 8591

Muthukumara Mani and David Wheeler , ‘In Search of Pollution Havens? Dirty Industry in the World Economy, 1960–1995’, Journal of Environment and Development, 7 (1998), 215247

Hugh Ward , ‘International Linkages and Environmental Sustainability: The Effectiveness of the Regime Network’, Journal of Peace Research, 43 (2006), 149166

Tamar Gutner , ‘Explaining the Gaps between Mandate and Performance: Agency Theory and World Bank Environmental Reform’, Global Environmental Politics, 5 (2005), 1037

Xun Cao , ‘Networks of Intergovernmental Organizations and Convergence in Domestic Economic Policies’, International Studies Quarterly, 53 (2009), 10951130

Susmita Dasgupta , Benoit Laplante , Hua Wang and David Wheeler , ‘Confronting the Environmental Kuznets Curve’, Journal of Economic Perspectives, 16 (2002), 147168

Gene M. Grossman and Alan B. Krueger , ‘Economic Growth and the Environment’, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 110 (1995), 353377

Thomas M. Selden and Daqing Song , ‘Environmental Quality and Development: Is There a Kuznets Curve for Air Pollution Emissions?’ Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 27 (1994), 147162

Hemamala Hettige , Muthukumara Mani and David Wheeler , ‘Indutrial Pollution in Economic Development: Kuznets Revisited’, Journal of Development Economics, 62 (2000), 445476

David I. Stern , ‘The Rise and Fall of the Environmental Kuznets Curve’, World Development, 32 (2004), 14191439

Daniel L. Millimet , John A. List and Thanasis Stengos , ‘The Environmental Kuznets Curve: Real Progress or Misspecified Models?’ Review of Economics and Statistics, 85 (2003), 10381047

Roger Perman and David I. Stern , ‘Evidence from Panel Unit Root and Cointegration Tests that the Environmental Kuznets Curve Does Not Exist’, Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 47 (2003), 325347

Junyi Shen , ‘A Simultaneous Estimation of Environmental Kuznets Curve: Evidence from China’, China Economic Review, 17 (2006), 383394

Florenz Plassmann and Neha Khanna , ‘Household Income and Pollution: Implications for the Debate About the Environmental Kuznets Curve’, Journal of Environment and Development, 15 (2006), 2241

Mariano Torras and James K. Boyce , ‘Income, Inequality, and Pollution: A Reassessment of the Environmental Kuznets Curve’, Ecological Economics, 25 (1998), 147160

Per G. Fredriksson , Eric Neumayer , Richard Damania and Scott Gates , ‘Environmentalism, Democracy, and Pollution Control’, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 49 (2005), 343365

Thomas Bernauer and Vally Koubi , ‘Effects of Political Institutions on Air Quality’, Ecological Economics, 68 (2009), 13551365

Manus I. Midlarsky , ‘Democracy and the Environment: An Empirical Assessment’, Journal of Peace Research, 35 (1998), 341361

Roger Congleton , ‘Political Institutions and Pollution Control’, Review of Economics and Statistics, 74 (1992), 412421

Hilary Sigman , ‘International Spillovers and Water Quality in Rivers: Do Countries Free Ride?’ American Economic Review, 92 (2002), 11521159

David I. Stern , ‘Global Sulfur Emissions from 1850 to 2000’, Chemosphere, 58 (2005), 163175

Gerardo L. Munck and Jay Verkuilen , ‘Conceptualizing and Measuring Democracy’, Comparative Political Studies, 35 (2002), 534

Michael Alvarez , José Antonio Cheibub , Fernando Limongi and Adam Przeworski , ‘Classifying Political Regimes’, Studies in Comparative International Development, 31 (1996), 137

Kristian Skrede Gleditsch , ‘Expanded Trade and GDP Data’, Journal of Conflict Resolution, 46 (2002), 712724

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

British Journal of Political Science
  • ISSN: 0007-1234
  • EISSN: 1469-2112
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-political-science
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *