Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Jus Post Bellum and the Responsibility to Rebuild

  • James Pattison
Abstract

This article considers the issue of who should rebuild after war. Many leading advocates of the relevance of jus post bellum for Just War Theory adhere to the ‘Belligerents Rebuild Thesis’, which holds that those who have been involved with the fighting – such as the victor, just belligerent, unjust aggressor or humanitarian intervener – should be tasked with the responsibility to rebuild. By contrast, this article argues that there is a collective, international duty to rebuild that should be assigned primarily according to the agent's ability to rebuild – and not necessarily to the belligerents. The article also claims that, in contrast to the prevailing view, considerations of jus post bellum do not play any moral role in the justifiability of a war. Accordingly, defending the Belligerents Rebuild Thesis by invoking the alleged moral relevance of jus post bellum for Just War Theory is mistaken.

Copyright
Footnotes
Hide All
*

Politics, School of Social Sciences, University of Manchester (email: james.pattison@manchester.ac.uk). An earlier version of this article was presented at the International Studies Association's annual conference in San Francisco, April 2013. I would like to thank Jonathan Floyd, Pablo Kalmanovitz, Phil Orchard, Tom Sinclair and two anonymous referees for their very helpful comments and suggestions.

Footnotes
References
Hide All
Bass, Gary J. 2004. Jus Post Bellum. Philosophy & Public Affairs 32 (4):384412.
Beitz, Charles. 1999. Political Theory and International Relations, Revised Edition. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Bellamy, Alex J. 2008. The Responsibilities of Victory: Jus Post Bellum and the Just War. Review of International Studies 34 (4):601625.
Bellamy, Alex J. Williams, Paul D.. 2009. The West and Contemporary Peace Operations. Journal of Peace Research 46 (1):3957.
Buchanan, Allen. 2004. Justice, Legitimacy, and Self-Determination: Moral Foundations for International Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Clarke, John. 2001. A Pragmatic Approach to Humanitarian Intervention. Journal of Humanitarian Assistance. Available from http://sites.tufts.edu/jha/files/2011/04/a072.pdf, accessed 24 June 2013.
Coady, C.A.J. 2011. The Jus Post Bellum . In New Wars and New Soldiers: Military Ethics in the Contemporary World, edited by Paolo Tripodi and Jessica Wolfendal, 4966. Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate.
Evans, Mark. 2008. Balancing Peace, Justice and Sovereignty in Jus Post Bellum: The Case of ‘Just Occupation’. Millennium 36 (3):533554.
Evans, Mark. 2009. Moral Responsibilities and the Conflicting Demands of Jus Post Bellum . Ethics & International Affairs 23 (2):147164.
Fleck, Dieter. 2012. The Responsibility to Rebuild and its Potential for Law-Creation: Good Governance, Accountability and Judicial Control. Journal of International Peacekeeping 16 (1–2):8498.
Frowe, Helen. 2011. The Ethics of War and Peace: An Introduction. London: Routledge.
Gheciu, Alexandra Welsh, Jennifer M.. 2009. The Imperative to Rebuild: Assessing the Normative Case for Postconflict Reconstruction. Ethics & International Affairs 23 (2):121146.
Hurka, Thomas. 2005. Proportionality in the Morality of War. Philosophy & Public Affairs 33 (1):3466.
ICISS. 2001. The Responsibility to Protect: Report of the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty. Ottawa: International Development Research Centre.
Jubilut, Liliana Lyra. 2011. Towards a New Jus Post Bellum: The United Nations Peacebuilding Commission and the Improvement of Post-Conflict Efforts and Accountability. Minnesota Journal of International Law 20 (1):2664.
Kaldor, Mary. 2007. From Just War to Just Peace. In The Price of Peace: Just War in the Twenty-First Century, edited by Charles Reed and David Ryall, 255273. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Lango, John. 2007. Generalizing and Temporalizing Just War Principles: Illustrated by the Principle of Just Cause. In Rethinking the Just War Tradition, edited by Michael Brough, John Lango and Harry van der Linden, 7595. Albany: SUNY Press.
Lango, John. 2009. Military Operations by Armed UN Peace-keeping Missions: An Application of Generalised Just War Principles. In The Moral Dimension of Asymmetrical Warfare: Counter-terrorism, Western Values and Military Ethics, edited by Th. A. van Baarda and D.E.M. Verweij, 115133. Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff.
Lazar, Seth. 2012. Scepticism about Jus Post Bellum . In Morality, Jus Post Bellum, and International Law, edited by Larry May and Andrew Forcehimes, 204222. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Majima, Shunzo. 2009. Forgotten Victims of Military Humanitarian Intervention: A Case for the Principle of Reparation. Philosophia 37 (2):203209.
McCready, Doug. 2009. Ending the War Right: Jus Post Bellum and the Just War Tradition. Journal of Military Ethics 8 (1):6678.
McMahan, Jeff. 2009a. Killing in War. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
McMahan, Jeff. 2009b. The Morality of Military Occupation. Loyola of Los Angeles International and Comparative Law Review 31 (1):729.
Miller, David. 2001. Distributing Responsibilities. Journal of Political Philosophy 9 (4):453471.
Miller, David. 2009. The Responsibility to Protect Human Rights. In Legitimacy, Justice, and Public International Law, edited by Lukas Meyer, 232251. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Nagel, Thomas. 2005. The Problem of Global Justice. Philosophy & Public Affairs 33 (2):113147.
Orend, Brian. 2006. The Morality of War. Ontario: Broadview Press.
Orend, Brian. 2007. Jus Post Bellum: The Perspective of a Just-War Theorist. Leiden Journal of International Law 20 (3):571591.
Pattison, James. 2007. Representativeness and Humanitarian Intervention. Journal of Social Philosophy 38 (4):569587.
Pattison, James. 2010. Humanitarian and the Responsibility to Protect: Who Should Intervene? Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Pattison, James. 2013. When Is it Right to Fight? Just War Theory and the Individual-Centric Approach. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (1):3554.
Piiparinen, Touko. 2007. The Lessons of Darfur for the Future of Humanitarian Intervention. Global Governance 13 (3):365390.
Pogge, Thomas. 1989. Realizing Rawls. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Pogge, Thomas. 2008. World Poverty and Human Rights, Second Edition. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Rawls, John. 1999a. A Theory of Justice, Revised Edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Rawls, John. 1999b. The Law of Peoples, with the ‘Idea of Public Reason Revisited’. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Richmond, Oliver. 2009. A Post-Liberal Peace: Eirenism and the Everyday. Review of International Studies 35 (3):557580.
Rodin, David. 2011. Ending War. Ethics & International Affairs 25 (3):359369.
Sangiovanni, Andrei. 2007. Global Justice, Reciprocity, and the State. Philosophy & Public Affairs 35 (1):339.
St Augustine of Hippo. 1994 [487]. Letter 189, to Boniface in Political Writings, translated by Michael W. Tkacz and Douglas Kries. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing.
Tan, Kok-Chor. 2006. The Duty to Protect. In NOMOS XLVII: Humanitarian Intervention, edited by Terry Nardin and Melissa S. Williams, 84116. New York: New York University Press.
Walzer, Michael. 2012. The Aftermath of War: Reflections on Jus Post Bellum . In Ethics Beyond War's End, edited by Eric Patterson, 3546. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.
Weiss, Thomas G. 2009. What's Wrong with the United Nations and How to Fix It. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Wheeler, Nicholas J. 2000. Saving Strangers: Humanitarian Intervention in International Society. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

British Journal of Political Science
  • ISSN: 0007-1234
  • EISSN: 1469-2112
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-political-science
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 37
Total number of PDF views: 337 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 1033 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 20th August 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.