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Natural Sentences as Valid Units for Coded Political Texts

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Däubler (email: is at the Mannheim Centre for European Social Research (MZES); Benoit is at the London School of Economics (Methodology Institute) and Trinity College Dublin (Political Science); Mikhaylov is at University College London (Department of Political Science), and Laver is at New York University (Department of Politics). The authors would like to thank Daniela Braun and Hermann Schmitt for valuable comments and kind permission to reproduce some of the experimental results discussed in Braun, Mikhaylov and Schmitt (2010). An earlier version of this Research Note was presented at the ECPR Joint Sessions of Workshops in St. Gallen, 2011, and the authors would also like to thank the participants in the workshop entitled ‘The how and why of party manifestos in new and established democracies’, for helpful feedback.

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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

Michael Laver , Kenneth Benoit and John Garry , ‘Extracting Policy Positions from Texts Using Words as Data’, American Political Science Review, 97 (2003), 311331

Jonathan Slapin and Sven-Oliver Proksch , ‘A Scaling Model for Estimating Time-Series Party Positions from Texts’, American Journal of Political Science, 52 (2008), 705722

Daniel J. Hopkins and Gary King , ‘A Method of Automated Nonparametric Content Analysis for Social Science’, American Journal of Political Science, 54 (2009), 229247

Michael Laver and John Garry , ‘Estimating Policy Positions from Political Texts’, American Journal of Political Science, 44 (2000), 619634

Will Lowe , Kenneth Benoit , Slava Mikhaylov and Michael Laver , ‘Scaling Policy Preferences from Coded Political Texts’, Legislative Studies Quarterly, 36 (2011), 123155

Joseph L. Fleiss , ‘Measuring Nominal Scale Agreement among Many Raters’, Psychological Bulletin, 76 (1971), 378383

Joseph L. Fleiss , Bruce A. Levin and Myunghee Cho Paik , Statistical Methods for Rates and Proportions (Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley, 2003)

Chris Roberts , ‘Modelling Patterns of Agreement for Nominal Scales’, Statistics in Medicine, 27 (2008), 810830

Andrew F. Hayes and Klaus Krippendorff , ‘Answering the Call for a Standard Reliability Measure for Coding Data’, Communication Methods and Measures, 1 (2007), 7789

J. Richard Landis and Gary G. Koch , ‘The Measurement of Observer Agreement for Categorical Data’, Biometrics, 33 (1977), 159174

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British Journal of Political Science
  • ISSN: 0007-1234
  • EISSN: 1469-2112
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-political-science
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