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What Makes Parties Adapt to Voter Preferences? The Role of Party Organization, Goals and Ideology

  • Daniel Bischof and Markus Wagner


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University of Zurich (email:; University of Vienna (email: We thank Jim Adams, Simon Bornschier, Moritz Marbach, Thomas Meyer, Roman Senninger and the participants of the University of Zurich publication seminar for excellent feedback on earlier drafts of this article. We would also like to thank Jim Adams, Lawrence Ezrow and Garrett Glasgow for sharing their data and analysis files with us. The excellent feedback from the three anonymous reviewers significantly helped us to improve the quality of this article. All remaining errors are our own. Replication data sets are available in Harvard Dataverse at and online appendices are available at



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What Makes Parties Adapt to Voter Preferences? The Role of Party Organization, Goals and Ideology

  • Daniel Bischof and Markus Wagner


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