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Lysiphlebus orientalis (Hymenoptera, Braconidae), a new invasive aphid parasitoid in Europe – evidence from molecular markers

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 March 2013

Andjeljko Petrović*
Affiliation:
Institute of Zoology, Faculty of Biology, University of Belgrade, Studentski trg 16, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
Milana Mitrović
Affiliation:
Department of Plant Pests, Institute for Plant Protection and Environment, Banatska 33, Zemun, Serbia
Petr Starý
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Aphidology, Institute of Entomology, Biology Centre, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Branišovská 31, 37005 České Budějovice, Czech Republic
Olivera Petrović-Obradović
Affiliation:
Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Belgrade, Nemanjina 6, 11081 Zemun, Serbia
Vladimir Žikić
Affiliation:
Department of Biology and Ecology, Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics, University of Niš, Višegradska 33, 18000 Niš, Serbia
Željko Tomanović
Affiliation:
Institute of Zoology, Faculty of Biology, University of Belgrade, Studentski trg 16, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
Christoph Vorburger
Affiliation:
Institute of Integrative Biology, ETH Zürich, Switzerland, and EAWAG, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Überlandstrasse 133, 8600 Dübendorf, Switzerland
*
*Author for correspondence Phone: +381 11 2638 890 Fax: +381 11 2638 500 E-mail: andjeljko@bio.bg.ac.rs

Abstract

We report the occurrence of Lysiphlebus orientalis in Serbia, an aphid parasitoid from the Far East that is new to Europe and has the potential to become invasive. Our finding based on morphological characters is confirmed by analyses of mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I sequences. An increase in number and an expansion of the host range were observed during field studies over the past two years, and it is determined that the current host range encompasses nine aphid hosts on 12 different host plants, forming 13 tri-trophic associations. A host range determined for European populations of L. orientalis appears wider compared with that in its Far Eastern native habitats where Aphis glycines Mats. is the sole known host. Moreover, it overlaps considerably with the host ranges of European parasitoids that play an important role in the natural control of pest aphids.

Type
Research Paper
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2013 

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