Skip to main content

A guide to the identification of all stages of the Haemaphysalis ticks of South India

  • H. Trapido, M. G. R. Varma, P. K. Rajagopalan, K. R. P. Singh, M. J. Rebello and Virus Research Centre...

Investigations of the natural history of the virus of Kyasanur Forest disease since its discovery during 1957 in Shimoga District, Mysore State, south India have concentrated much attention on ticks of the genus Haemaphysalis in the region, as virus has repeatedly been isolated from them.

Keys are provided for larvae, nymphs and adults of both sexes of the 14 species of Haemaphysalis that have been taken in the area, with supplementary comments on six other species of the genus recorded, or likely to occur, elsewhere in south India. Illustrations are given showing the characters of the larvae and nymphs that are used in the keys.

Hide All
Anastos, G. (1950). The scutate ticks, or Ixodidae, of Indonesia.—Ent. amer. 30 pp. 1144.
Audouin, J. V. (1827). Description de l'Egypte. ou recueil des observations et des recherches qui ont été faites en Egypte pendant l'expédition de l'armée francaise, publié par les ordres de sa majesté l'empereur Napoléon le Grand, éd. 2, 22. Zoologie.
Hoogstraal, H. (1958). Notes on African Haemaphysalis ticks. IV. Description of Egyptian populations of the yellow dog-tick, H. leachii leachii (Audouin, 1827) (Ixodoidea, Ixodidae).—J. Parasit. 44 pp. 548558.
Hoogstraal, H. & Trapido, H. (1963a). Haemaphysalis silvafelis sp. n., a parasite of the jungle cat in southern India (Ixodoidea, Ixodidae).— J. Parasit. 49 pp. 346349.
Hoogstraal, H. & Trapido, H. (1963b). Haemaphysalis kutchensis sp. n., a common larval and nymphal parasite of birds in northwestern India (Ixodoidea, Ixodidae).—J. Parasit. 49 pp. 489497.
Hoogstraal, H. & Trapido, H. (1963c). Redescription of cotypes and all stages of Haemaphysalis intermedia Warburton and Nuttall, 1909 (= H. parva Neumann, 1908, preoccupied) from Ceylon and India (Ixodoidea Ixodidae).— J. Parasit. 49 pp. 838846.
Hoogstraal, H., Trapido, H. & Rebello, M. J. (1963). Haemaphysalis paraturturis sp. n., a carnivore parasite of the H. turturis group in India (Ixodoidea, Ixodidae).—J. Parasit. 49 pp. 686691.
Kohls, G. M. (1949). Haemaphysalis centropi, a new species of tick from birds in the Far East.—J. Parasit. 35 pp. 388390.
Kohls, G. M. (1950). Two new species of ticks from Ceylon (Acarina: Ixodidae).—J. Parasit. 36 pp. 319321.
Lavarra, L. (1905). Sopra una nuova specie di Haemaphysalis (aculeata).— Boll. Soc. zool. ital. (2) 5 pp. 255258.
Morel, P. C. (1964). Sur quelques Haemaphysalis paléarctiques.—Ann. Parasit. hum. comp. 38 (1963) pp. 915923.
Neumann, L. G. (1897). Révision de la famille des ixodidés. (2e mémoire).— Mém. Soc. zool. Fr. 10 pp. 324420.
Neumann, L. G. (1913). H. Sauter's Formosa-Ausbeute. Pediculidae, Siphonaptera, Ixodidae.—Suppl. ent., Berl. no. 2 pp. 134137.
Nuttall, G. H. F. & Warburton, C. (1907). On a new genus of Ixodoidea together with a description of eleven new species of ticks.—Proc. Camb. phil. Soc. 14 pp. 392416.
Nuttall, G. H. F. & Warburton, C. (1915). Ixodidae. Part III. The genus Haemaphysalis.—In Nuttall & others. Ticks. A monograph of the Ixodoidea. Part 3, pp. i–xiii, 349550. Cambridge, Univ. Pr.
Pomerantzev, B. I. (1950). Ixodid ticks (Ixodidae). [In Russian.]—Fauna SSSR, N.S. no. 41, 224 pp. Moscow, Akad. Nauk SSSR. (English translation available from American Institute of Biological Sciences, Washington, D.C., 1959.)
Pospelova-Shtrom, M. V. (1940). The larvae and nymphs of ticks, genus Haemaphysalis Koch found in the U.S.S.R. [In Russian with English summary.]—Mag. Parasit., Moscow 7 (1939) pp. 7199.
Rajagopalan, P. K. (1963). Haemaphysalis megalaimae sp. n., a new tick from the small green barbet (Megalaima viridis) in India.—J. Parasit. 49 pp. 340345.
Roberts, F. H. S. (1963). A systematic study of the Australian species of the genus Haemaphysalis Koch (Acarina: Ixodidae).—Aust. J. Zool. 11 pp. 3580.
Santos, Dias J. A. T. (1956). Notas ixodologicas. I. Sobre duas entidades do género Haemaphysalis C. L. Koch, 1844.—Mem. Mus. zool. Univ. Coimbra. no. 242 pp. 19.
Sharif, M. (1928). A revision of the Indian Ixodidae, with special reference to the collection in the Indian Museum.—Rec. Indian Mus. 30 pp. 217344.
Trapido, H. & Hoogstraal, H. (1963). Status of Haemaphysalis bispinosa var. intermedia Warburton and Nuttall, 1909, next available name for H. parva Neumann, 1908 (preoccupied) (Ixodoidea, Ixodidae).—J. Parasit. 49 pp. 691692.
Trapido, H. & Hoogstraal, H. (1964). Haemaphysalis cornigera shimoga subsp. n., from southern India (Ixodoidea. Ixodidae).—J. Parasit. 50 pp. 303310.
Trapido, H., Hoogstraal, H. & Rajagopalan, P. K. (1964). Haemaphysalis kyasanurensis sp. n., a member of the formosensis group in southern India and Ceylon (Ixodoidea, Ixodidae).—J. Parasit. 50 pp. 295302.
Trapido, H., Hoogstraal, H. & Varma, M. G. R. (1963). Redescription of the holotype and description of all stages of Haemaphysalis turturis Nuttall and Warburton from Ceylon and India (Ixodoidea, Ixodidae).— J. Parasit. 49 pp. 678685.
Trapido, H., Hoogstraal, H. & Varma, M. G. R. (1964). Status and descriptions of Haemaphysalis p. papuana Thorell (n. comb.) and of H. papuana kinneari Warburton (n. comb.) (Ixodoidea, Ixodidae) of southern Asia and New Guinea.—J. Parasit. 50 pp. 172188.
Warburton, C. (1908). On some new and obscure species of the genus Haemaphysalis of the Ixodidae.—Proc. Camb. phil. Soc. 14 pp. 508519.
Warburton, C. (1910). On two collections of Indian ticks.—Parasitology 3 pp. 395407.
Warburton, C. (1913). On four new species and two new varieties of the Ixodid genus Haemaphysalis.—Parasitology 6 pp. 121130.
Warburton, C. & Nuttall, G. H. F. (1909). On new species of Ixodidae, with a note on abnormalities observed in ticks.—Parasitology 2 pp. 5776.
Work, T. H. (1958). Russian spring-summer virus in India. Kyasanur Forest disease.—Progr. med. Virol. 1 pp. 248277.
Work, T. H. & Thapido, H. (1957). Kyasanur Forest disease. A new virus disease in India. Summary of preliminary report of investigations of the Virus Research Centre on an epidemic disease affecting forest villagers and wild monkeys of Shimoga District, Mysore.—Indian J. med. Sci. 11 pp. 341342.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Bulletin of Entomological Research
  • ISSN: 0007-4853
  • EISSN: 1475-2670
  • URL: /core/journals/bulletin-of-entomological-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed