Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Species-specific aggregation pheromones contribute to coexistence in two closely related thrips species

  • X. Li (a1), S. Geng (a1) (a2), Z. Zhang (a1), J. Zhang (a1), W. Li (a1), J. Huang (a1), W. Lin (a1), Y. Bei (a1) and Y. Lu (a1) (a2)...

Abstract

Pheromones play an important role in mediating interspecific interactions in insects. In an insect community, pheromones can reveal information about the senders, which could be used by other members of the food web (competitor, natural enemies, etc.) to their own advantage. The aggregation pheromones of two closely related thrips species, Frankliniella occidentalis and Frankliniella intonsa, have been identified with the same major compounds, (R)-lavandulyl acetate and neryl (S)-2-methylbutanoate, but in different ratios. However, the roles of the aggregation pheromones in the interspecific interactions between these two closely related species are unknown. Here, we investigated the roles of major aggregation pheromone compounds in interspecific interactions between F. occidentalis and F. intonsa for both long and short ranges. The results showed that, at tested doses, neither aggregation pheromone-induced long range cross-attraction nor short range cross-mating was detected between F. occidentalis and F. intonsa. Field-trapping trials showed that the species-specificity in aggregation pheromones was regulated by the ratio of two major compounds. However, species-specific blends of the two major compounds had no effect on short-range interactions between these two species. Our data from the thrips species provide support for the ‘aggregation model of coexistence’, explaining the species-specific pheromone-mediated coexistence of closely related species. Thus, species-specific pheromones could be one of the factors affecting population dynamics and community structure in closely related insects with similar niches.

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Author for correspondence Phone: +86 571 86400445 Fax: +86 571 86400445 E-mail: luybcn@163.com

References

Hide All
Akella, S.V.S., Kirk, W.D.J., Lu, Y.-b., Murai, T., Walters, K.F.A. & Hamilton, J.G.C. (2014) Identification of the aggregation pheromone of the melon thrips, Thrips palmi. PLoS ONE 9, e103315.
Andersson, M.N., Löfstedt, C. & Newcomb, R.D. (2015) Insect olfaction and the evolution of receptor tuning. Frontiers in Ecology & Evolution 3, 53.
Atkinson, W.D. & Shorrocks, B. (1979) Competition on a divided and ephemeral resource. Journal of Animal Ecology 48, 899908.
Ayres, B.D., Ayres, M.P., Abrahamson, M.D. & Teale, S.A. (2001) Resource partitioning and overlap in three sympatric species of Ips bark beetles (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). Oecologia 128, 443453.
Bartelt, R.J., Schaner, A.M. & Jackson, L.L. (1987) Aggregation pheromones in five taxa of the Drosophila virilis species group. Physiological Entomology 11, 367376.
Bartelt, R.J., Weaver, D.K. & Arbogast, R.T. (1995) Aggregation pheromone of Carpophilus dimidiatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) and responses to Carpophilus pheromones in South Carolina. Journal of Chemical Ecology 21, 17631779.
Broughton, S. & Harrison, J. (2012) Evaluation of monitoring methods for thrips and the effect of trap colour and semiochemicals on sticky trap capture of thrips (Thysanoptera) and beneficial insects (Syrphidae, Hemerobiidae) in deciduous fruit trees in Western Australia. Crop protection (Guildford, Surrey) 42, 156163.
Byers, J.A., Birgersson, G. & Francke, W. (2013) Aggregation pheromones of bark beetles, Pityogenes quadridens and P. bidentatus, colonizing Scotch pine: olfactory avoidance of interspecific mating and competition. Chemoecology 23, 251261.
Dobzhansky, T. (1940) Genetics and the Origin of Species. New York, Columbia University Press.
Gai, H.T., Zhi, J.R., Li, Z.X. & Jiang, Y.J. (2010) Survival rates of Frankliniella occidentalis and Frankliniella intonsa after exposure to adverse temperature conditions. Chinese Journal of Ecology 29, 15331537.
Gai, H.T., Zhi, J.R. & Yue, Z. (2012) Population dynamics of Frankliniella occidentalis and Frankliniella intonsa on pepper. Southwest China Journal of Agricultural Sciences 25, 337339.
Geng, S.S., Li, X.W., Zhang, J.M., Zhang, Z.J. & Lu, Y.B. Research on field application of aggregation pheromones of Frankliniella occidentalis and Frankliniella intonsa and their roles in interspecific interaction. Acta Entomologica Sinica 60, 14391446.
Greenblatt, R.E., Burkholder, W.E., Cross, J.H., Cassidy, R.F., Silverstein, R.M., Levinson, A.R. & Levinson, H.Z. (1977) Chemical basis for interspecific responses to sex pheromones of Trogoderma species (Coleoptera: Dermestidae). Journal of Chemical Ecology 3, 337347.
Hamilton, J.G.C., Hall, D.R. & Kirk, W.D.J. (2005) Identification of a male-produced aggregation pheromone in the western flower thrips Frankliniella occidentalis. Journal of Chemical Ecology 31, 13691379.
Hansson, B.S. & Stensmyr, M.C. (2011) Evolution of insect olfaction. Neuron 72, 698711.
Ives, A.R. (1991) Aggregation and coexistence in a carrion fly community. Ecological Monographs 61, 7594.
Kirk, W.D.J. & Hamilton, J.G.C. (2004) Evidence for a male-produced sex pheromone in the western flower thrips Frankliniella occidentalis. Journal of Chemical Ecology 30, 167174.
Kogel, W. & Deventer, P. (2003) Intraspecific attraction in the western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis; indication for a male sex pheromone. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 107, 8789.
Krueger, S., Moritz, G., Lindemann, P., Radisch, D. & Tschuch, G. (2016) Male pheromones influence the mating behavior of Echinothrips americanus. Journal of Chemical Ecology 42, 294299.
Lewis, T. (1997) Thrips as Crop Pests. New York, CAB International.
Lu, Y.B., Zhang, Z.J., Wu, Q.J., Du, Y.Z., Zhang, H.R., Yu, Y., Wang, E.D., Wang, M.H., Wang, M.Q., Tong, X.L., Lu, L.H., Tan, X.Q. & Fu, W.D. (2011) Research progress of the monitoring, forecast and sustainable management of invasive alien pest Frankliniella occidentalis in China. Chinese Journal of Applied Entomology 48, 488496.
Lu, Y.B., Zhang, J.M., Li, W.D., Zhang, Z.J., Bei, Y.W., Zhang, P.J., Huang, F. & Lin, W.C. (2015) Attractants of flower thrips. China Patent, CN 104381256 A, Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 2015-03-04.
Ming, Q.-L., Yan, Y.-H. & Wang, C.-Z. (2007) Mechanisms of premating isolation between Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) and Helicoverpa assulta (Guenee) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Journal of Insect Physiology 53, 170178.
Monti, L., Lalanne-Cassou, B., Lucas, P., Malosse, C. & Silvain, J.F. (1995) Differences in sex pheromone communication systems of closely related species: Spodoptera latifascia (walker) and S. descoinsi lalannecassou & silvain (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Journal of Chemical Ecology 21, 641660.
Moore, A.J. (2012) The evolution of social signals: morphological, functional, and genetic integration of the sex pheromone in Nauphoeta cinerea. Evolution 51, 19201928.
Murai, T. (1988) Studies on the ecology and control of flower thrips, Frankliniella intonsa (Trybom). Bulletin of the Shimane Agricultural Experiment Station 23, 173.
Olaniran, O.A. (2013) The roles of pheromones of adult western flower thrips. PHD Thesis, Keele University, UK.
Olaniran, O.A., Sudhakar, A.V.S., Drijfhout, F.P., Dublon, I.A.N., Hall, D.R., Hamilton, J.G.C. & Kirk, W.D.J. (2013) A male-predominant cuticular hydrocarbon, 7-methyltricosane, is used as a contact pheromone in the western flower thrips Frankliniella occidentalis. Journal of Chemical Ecology 39, 559568.
Paterson, H.E.H. (1985) The recognition concept of species. pp. 2129 in Vrba, E. S. (Ed.) Species and Speciation. Pretoria, South Africa, Transvaal Museum.
Price, T.L., Sonenshine, D.E., Norval, R.A., Yunker, C.E. & Burridge, M.J. (1994) Pheromonal composition of two species of African Amblyomma ticks: similarities, differences and possible species-specific components. Experimental & Applied Acarology 18, 3750.
Roelofs, W.L. (1995) The chemistry of sex attraction. pp. 2129 in Eisner, T. & Meinwald, J. (Eds) Chemical Ecology: The Chemistry of Biotic Interaction. Washington, DC, National Academy Press.
Romani, R., Isidoro, N. & Bin, F. (2010) Antennal structures used in communication by egg parasitoids. pp. 5796 in Consoli, F. L., Parra, J. R. P. & Zucchi, R. A.. (Eds.) Egg Parasitoids in Agroecosystems with Emphasis on Trichogramma. Dordrecht, Netherlands, Springer.
Sampson, C. (2014) Management of the western flower thrips on strawberry. PHD. Thesis, Keele University, UK.
Sevenster, J.G. & Alphen, J.V. (1996) Aggregation and coexistence. II. A neotropical Drosophila community. Journal of Animal Ecology 65, 308324.
Swarup, S., Williams, T.I. & Anholt, R.R.H. (2011) Functional dissection of odorant binding protein genes in Drosophila melanogaster. Genes Brain & Behavior 10, 648657.
Symonds, M.R. & Wertheim, B. (2005) The mode of evolution of aggregation pheromones in Drosophila species. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 18, 12531263.
Teulon, D.A.J. & Nielsen, M.C. (2005) Distribution of western (glasshouse strain) and Intonsa flower thrips in New Zealand. New Zealand Plant Protection 58, 208212.
Tillman, P.G., Aldrich, J.R., Khrimian, A. & Cottrell, T.E. (2010) Pheromone attraction and cross-attraction of Nezara, Acrosternum, and Euschistus spp. stink bugs (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) in the field. Environmental Entomology 39, 610617.
Toda, M.J., Kimura, M.T. & Tuno, N. (1999) Coexistence mechanisms of mycophagous drosophilids on multispecies fungal hosts: aggregation and resource partitioning. Journal of Animal Ecology 68, 794803.
Ullah, M.S. & Lim, U.T. (2015) Life history characteristics of Frankliniella occidentalis and Frankliniella intonsa (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) in constant and fluctuating temperatures. Journal of Economic Entomology 108, 10001009.
Vet, L. (1999) From chemical to population ecology: infochemical use in an evolutionary context. Journal of Chemical Ecology 25, 3149.
Wang, C.L., Lin, F.C., Chiu, Y.C. & Shih, H.T. (2010) Species of Frankliniella Trybom (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) from the Asian-Pacific area. Zoological Studies 49, 824838.
Wang, H.-L., Zhao, C.-H. & Wang, C.-Z. (2005) Comparative study of sex pheromone composition and biosynthesis in Helicoverpa armigera, H. assulta and their hybrid. Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 35, 575583.
Wertheim, B., van Baalen, E.-J.A., Dicke, M. & Vet, L.E.M. (2005) Pheromone-mediated aggregation in nonsocial arthropods: an evolutionary ecological perspective. Annual Review of Entomology 50, 321346.
Wojtasek, H., Hansson, B.S. & Leal, W.S. (1998) Attracted or repelled?–a matter of two neurons, one pheromone binding protein, and a chiral center. Biochemical & Biophysical Research Communications 250, 217222.
Zhang, P.J., Zhu, X.Y. & Lu, Y.B. (2011) Behavioural and chemical evidence of a male-produced aggregation pheromone in the flower thrips Frankliniella intonsa. Physiological Entomology 36, 317320.
Zhang, Z.K. & Lei, Z.R. (2015) Identification, expression profiling and fluorescence-based binding assays of a chemosensory protein gene from the Western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis. PLoS ONE 10, 128145.
Zhang, Z.K., Sheng-Yong, W.U. & Lei, Z.R. (2015) cDNA cloning, expression profiling and immunolocalization of a chemosensory protein in the western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis(Thysanoptera: Thtipidae). Acta Entomologica Sinica 58, 114.
Zhang, Z.K., Wu, S.Y. & Lei, Z.R. (2016) Cloning, sequence analysis and expression profile of an odorant binding protein gene in western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis). Scientia Agricultura Sinica 49, 11061116.
Zhu, X.Y., Zhang, P.J. & Lu, Y.B. (2012) Isolation and identification of the aggregation pheromone released by male adults of Frankliniella intonsa (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). Acta Entomologica Sinica 55, 376385.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Bulletin of Entomological Research
  • ISSN: 0007-4853
  • EISSN: 1475-2670
  • URL: /core/journals/bulletin-of-entomological-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed