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Gough's Cave 1 (Somerset, England): an assessment of body size and shape

  • TRENTON W. HOLLIDAY (a1) and STEVEN E. CHURCHILL (a2)
Abstract

Stature, body mass, and body proportions are evaluated for the Cheddar Man (Gough's Cave 1) skeleton. Like many of his Mesolithic contemporaries, Gough's Cave 1 evinces relatively short estimated stature (ca. 166.2 cm [5′ 5′]) and low body mass (ca. 66 kg [146 lbs]). In body shape, he is similar to recent Europeans for most proportional indices. He differs, however, from most recent Europeans in his high crural index and tibial length/trunk height indices. Thus, while Gough's Cave 1 is characterized by a total morphological pattern considered ‘cold-adapted’, these latter two traits may be interpreted as evidence of a large African role in the origins of anatomically modern Europeans.

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Bulletin of the Natural History Museum: Geology Series
  • ISSN: 0968-0462
  • EISSN: 1475-2972
  • URL: /core/journals/bulletin-of-the-natural-history-museum-geology-series
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