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    Greb, G. Allen 1978. Opening a New Frontier: San Francisco, Los Angeles and the Panama Canal, 1900-1914. Pacific Historical Review, Vol. 47, Issue. 3, p. 405.


The American-Hawaiian Steamship Company, 1899–19191

  • Thomas C. Cochran (a1) and Ray Ginger (a2)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 July 2012

At a time when American shipping generally was finding it difficult to compete in international trade, certain American shipping groups were profiting largely. The strength of the American-Hawaiian Steamship Company derived from conservative financial policy, bold but not reckless expansion, astute analysis of trading opportunities, skillful handling of competition, and decisive adaptation to emergencies. A closely knit group of owner-managers held the reins of control. Internal strength permitted optimum realizations from a favorable commercial environment and even helped to make that environment favorable.

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Business History Review
  • ISSN: 0007-6805
  • EISSN: 2044-768X
  • URL: /core/journals/business-history-review
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