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    Purvis, Taylor E. 2015. Assisted reproduction in Indonesia: policy reform in an Islamic culture and developing nation. Reproductive BioMedicine Online, Vol. 31, Issue. 5, p. 697.

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  • Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics, Volume 19, Issue 3
  • July 2010, pp. 363-371

Commanding the “Be Fruitful and Multiply” Directive: Reproductive Ethics, Law, and Policy in Israel


As of June 2009, Israel’s population was 7,424,400 people, 5,604,900 of which were Jewish, 1,502,400 were Arabs, and approximately 317,200 had no religion or are non-Arab Christians. Established in 1948, Israel is a highly urban and industrialized country. Its gross domestic product (GDP) per capita (based on exchange rate) is US$23,257, positioning it among the European developed countries. Life expectancy is 79 years for males and 82 years for females, with infant mortality rate of 4 cases per 1,000 live births. Of Israel’s GDP, 7.7% is spent on health.

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BJ Van Voorhis . In vitro fertilization. New England Journal of Medicine 2007;356:379–86

BJ Van Voorhis . Outcomes from assisted reproductive technologies. Obstetrics & Gynecology 2006;107(1):183–200

M Giacomini , J Hurley , G Stoddart . The many meanings of deinsuring a health service: The case of in vitro fertilization in Ontario. Social Science & Medicine 2000;50(10):1485–500

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Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics
  • ISSN: 0963-1801
  • EISSN: 1469-2147
  • URL: /core/journals/cambridge-quarterly-of-healthcare-ethics
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