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Semiochemistry and chemical ecology of the emerald ash borer Agrilus planipennis (Coleoptera: Buprestidae)

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  23 September 2014

Peter Silk*
Affiliation:
Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service-Atlantic Forestry Centre, PO Box 4000, Fredericton, New Brunswick, E3B 5P7Canada
Krista Ryall
Affiliation:
Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service - Great Lakes Forestry Centre, 1219 Queen Street East, Sault Ste Marie, Ontario, P6A 2E5Canada
*
1Corresponding author (e-mail: psilk@nrcan.gc.ca)

Abstract

The emerald ash borer (EAB), Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) is a very serious invasive pest in North America, causing extremely high levels of mortality to ash trees (Fraxinus Linnaeus, Oleaceae) in the United States of America and Canada. Knowledge of buprestid chemical ecology is sparse, but the appearance of EAB in North America and its devastating ecological and economic impacts, particularly in the urban environment, have provided an opportunity to study the semiochemistry, natural history, and ecology of this buprestid in detail. This review will summarise the chemical ecology of EAB to date, discussing studies on semiochemistry, natural history, and behaviour with respect to host and mate finding that have identified several female-produced pheromone components (contact and sex pheromones), and attractive host kairomones. Earlier reviews focused on studies of attractive host volatiles with respect to development of a trapping system and visual and contact phenomena in EAB mate finding. This has led to the development of an efficient trapping system for EAB, with attempts to optimise the range of variables in trap protocols, combining pheromone components, release rates, and combinations with host kairomones, as well as trap type, placement, height, and colour being taken into account.

Type
Original Article
Copyright
© Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada 2014 

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Footnotes

Subject editor: Chris MacQuarrie

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