Introduction/Innovation Concept: Medical simulation is becoming increasingly useful for healthcare education. Simulation-based crisis resource management (CRM) has been shown to produce improvements in skill acquisition, communication and team behaviors. Simulation has become a key component of most Family Practice (FP) residency programs and many programs are moving towards developing formal simulation curriculums. The Coastal FP Residency is a relatively new and unique program with a large emphasis on rural medicine. Graduates have gone on to practice in remote areas with less access to supports for critically ill patients. Therefore, an effective simulation curriculum, focused on Emergency Medicine, is of great importance to this program. Methods: To develop our curriculum, Kern’s framework for medical education was selected given its prior success in similar endeavors. The first step of this approach involves a needs assessment, which we accomplished in the form of an online survey. The questionnaire included pre-defined topics pertaining to the training needs of FP Residents destined for Rural Practice with respect to technical skills, CRM skills, specific medical conditions and categories of medical conditions. Classification of answers included multiple choice, 5-point Likert scales as well as an option for free-text answers. The survey was distributed to pre-identified participants including stakeholders/educators within the Coastal FP residency program as well as simulation education leads for FP residencies throughout British Columbia (BC). Current residents, as well as program graduates were also asked to complete the survey. Curriculum, Tool, or Material: The results of this survey were used to develop formal goals and objectives which were in turn used to write or adapt 24 cases for the curriculum. Cases from categories (e.g. Pediatrics) rated as “Extremely Important” on the Likert scale were included proportionally more in the curriculum. The cases were also designed to assess/practice a higher proportion of CRM elements considered important and to address commonly identified difficulties in resuscitation. Cases were developed, where possible, using local or national guidelines and are currently in the stage of peer review (by a minimum of two peers). Conclusion: The curriculum will be implemented in July 2017 and we will transition towards the evaluation phase. Our goal is to develop and distribute formalized needs assessments to rural FP residencies across BC so that they may develop dynamic, formal curriculums of their own.
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