Consider the sixth Painlevé equation (P6) below where α, β, γ and δ are complex parameters. We prove the necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of rational solutions of equation (P6) in term of special relations among the parameters. The number of distinct rational solutions in each case is exactly one or two or infinite. And each of them may be generated by means of transformation group found by Okamoto  and Bäcklund transformations found by Fokas and Yortsos . A list of rational solutions is included in the appendix. For the sake of completeness, we collected all the corresponding results of other five Painlevé equations (P1)−(P5) below, which have been investigated by many authors –.
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