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Conséquences psychologiques de la retraite en fonction du sexe et du niveau occupationnel antérieur*

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  29 November 2010

Gaston-René de Grâce
Affiliation:
Université Laval
Purushottam Joshi
Affiliation:
Université Laval
René Pelletier
Affiliation:
Université Laval
Claudine Beaupré
Affiliation:
Université Laval

Abstract

This research, taking into account sex and previous occupational level, examines the influence of retirement on three dependent variables: loneliness, depression, and life satisfaction. One hundred and six men and women, aged 65 and receiving governmental pensions (Régie des rentes du Québec) completed on two occasions (with a one year interval) the Échelle de solitude de l'Université Laval, the Questionnaire de dépression de Beck and the Échelle de satisfaction de vie. The resulte indicate that there is no significant difference between Time 1 and Time 2 of evaluation on the three questionnaires (temporal view). However, from a cross-sectional perspective, newly retired men and professionals may be more lonely, less satisfied with their life and more depressed. The results are discussed in the light of Atchley's (1976b) model.

Résumé

Cette recherche évalue l'influence de la prise de la retraite compte tenu du sexe et du niveau occupationnel antérieur, sur la solitude, la dépression, et la satisfaction de vie. Cent six hommes et femmes, âgés de 65 ans et recevant des prestations de la Régie des rentes du Québec, répondent à deux reprises (à un an d'intervalle) à l'Échelle de solitude de l'Université Laval, au Questionnaire de dépression de Beck et à l'Échelle de satisfaction de vie. Les résultats ne révèlent aucune différence significative entre les deux moments d'évaluation aux trois questionnaires (perspective temporelle). Par contre, dans une perspective transversale, on constate que le passage du travail à la retraite peut induire chez les hommes et chez les professionnels des états de solitude, d'insatisfaction face à leur vie et de dépression. Les résultats sont discutés à la lumière du modèle de Atchley (1976b).

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Canadian Association on Gerontology 1994

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References

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