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Frank Dikötter , “Race Culture: Recent Perspectives on the History of Eugenics,” American Historical Review 103 (1998).
Geoff Eley and David Blackbourn , The Peculiarities of German History (Oxford, 1984).
Cornelie Usborne , The Politics of the Body in Weimar Germany: Women's Reproductive Rights and Duties (Basingstoke, 1992)
Thomas Rohkrämer , “Antimodernism, Reactionary Modernity, and National Socialism: Technocratic Tendencies in Germany, 1890–1945,” Contemporary European History 8 (1999): 50.
Peter Weingart , “The Rationalization of Sexual Behavior: The Institutionalization of Eugenic Thought in Germany,” Journal of the History of Biology 20 (1987)
“The Race Hygiene Movement in Germany, 1904–1945,” in The Wellborn Science: Eugenics in Germany, France, Britain and Russia, ed. Mark B. Adams (New York, 1990).
Sigrid Stöckel , Säuglingsfürsorge zwischen sozialer Hygiene und Eugenik (Berlin, 1996)
Ann Taylor Allen , “German Radical Feminism and Eugenics, 1900–1908,” German Studies Review 11 (1988)
Edward Ross Dickinson , “Reflections on Feminism and Monism in the Kaiserreich, 1900–1913,” Central European History 34 (2001).
Paul Betts , “The New Fascination with Fascism: The Case of Nazi Modernism,” Journal of Contemporary History 37 (2002): 541.
Alastair P. Thompson , Left Liberals, the State, and Popular Politics in Wilhelmine Germany (Oxford, 2000)
Jan Palmowski , Urban Liberalism in Imperial Germany: Frankfurt am Main, 1866–1914 (Oxford, 1999).
Marcus Gräser , Der blockierte Wohlfahrtsstaat (Göttingen, 1995)
Siegfried Weichlein , Sozialmilieus und politische Kultur in der Weimarer Republik (Göttingen, 1996)
Tom Buchanan and Martin Conway , “The Politics of Democracy in Twentieth-Century Europe: Introduction,” European History Quarterly 32 (2002): 8, 9.
David Crew , Germans on Welfare: From Weimar to Hitler (New York, 1998)
Greg Eghigian , Making Security Social: Disability, Insurance, and the Birth of the Social Entitlement State in Germany (Ann Arbor, 2000).
Diane Paul , “Eugenics and the Left,” Journal of the History of Ideas 45 (1984)
Michael Freeden , “Eugenics and Progressive Thought: A Study in Ideological Affinity,” Historical Journal 22 (1979).
Charles Taylor , “Modern Social Imaginaries,” Public Culture 14 (2002): esp. 92, 99, 103.
Edward Ross Dickinson , “The Men's Christian Morality Movement in Germany, 1880–1914: Some Reflections on Sex, Politics, and Sexual Politics,” Journal of Modern History 75 (2003).