This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
S.J. Astley , J. Stachowiak , S.K. Clarren , & C. Clausen (2002). Application of the foetal alcohol syndrome facial photographic screening tool in a foster care population. Journal of Pediatrics, 141 (5), 712–717.
T.D. Banerjee , F. Middleton , & S.V. Farone (2007). Environment risk factors for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Acta Paedriatrica, 96, 1269–1274.
R.A. Barkley , & K.R. Murphy (2010). Impairment in occupational functioning and adult ADHD: the predictive utility of xecutive Function (EF) ratings versus EF tests. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 25 (3), 157–173.
J. Biederman , M.C. Monuteaux , A.E. Doyle , L.J. Seidman , T.E. Wilens , F. Ferrero , C.L. Morgan , & S.V. Faraone (2004). Impact of executive function deficits and Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) on academic outcomes in children. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 72 (5), 757–766.
C. Blair , & R.P. Razza (2007). Relating effortful control, executive function, and false belief understanding to emerging math and literacy ability in kindergarten. Child Development, 78 (2), 647–663.
J.S. Bloom , & G.W. Hynd (2005). The role of the corpus collosum in interhemispheric transfer of information: excitation or inhibition. Neuropsychology Review, 15 (2), 59–71.
R. Bull , K. Andrews Epsy , & S.A. Wiebe (2008). Short-term memory, working memory, and executive functioning in preschoolers: longitudinal predictors of mathematical acheivement at age 7 years. Developmental Neuropsychology, 33 (3), 205–228.
V.G. Carrion , A. Garrett , V. Menon , C.F. Weems , & A.L. Reiss (2008). Posttraumatic stress symptoms and brain function during a response-inhibition task: An fMRI study in youth. Depression and Anxiety, 25 (6), 514–526.
C. Cheung , K. Lwin , & J.M. Jenkins (2012). Helping youth in care succeed: Influence of caregiver involvement on academic achievement. Children & Youth Services Review, 34, 1092–1100.
D. Cicchetti , F.A. Rogosch , M.L. Howe , & S.L. Toth (2010). The effects of maltreatment and neuroendocrine regulation on memory performance. Child Development, 81 (5), 1504–1519.
C. Clark , M. Prior , & G. Kinsella (2002). The relationship between executive function abilities, adaptive behaviour, and academic achievement in children with externalising behaviour problems. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 43 (6), 785–796.
T.E. Coggins , G.R. Timler , L.B. Olswang (2007). A ctate of double jeopardy: impact of prenatal alcohol exposure and adverse environments on the social communicative abilities of school-age children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. Language, Speech & Hearing Services in Schools, 38 (2), 117–127.
M.E. Courtney , & A. Dworsky (2006). Early outcomes for young adults transitioning from out-of-home care in the U.S.A. Child and Family Social Work, 11, 209–219.
M.D. De Bellis , M.S. Keshavan , H. Shifflett , S. Iyengar , S.R. Beers , J. Hall , & G. Moritz (2002). Brain structures in pediatric maltreatment-related posttraumatic stress disorder: a sociodemographically matched study. Biological Psychiatry, 52 (11), 1066–1078.
A.P. DePrince , K.M. Weinzierl , & M.D. Combs (2009). Executive function performance and trauma exposure in a community sample of children. Child Abuse & Neglect, 33 (6), 353–361.
S. Diamantopoulou , A.M. Rydell , L. Thorell , & G. Bohlin (2007). Impact of executive functioning and symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder on children's peer relations and school performance. Developmental Neuropsychology, 32 (1), 521–542.
A. Diamond , W.S. Barnett , J. Thomas , & S. Munro (2007). Preschool program improves cognitive control. Science, 318, 1387–1388.
A. Diamond , & K. Lee (2011). Interventions shown to aid executive function development in children 4 to 12 years old. Science, 333, 959–964.
J. Dixon (2008). Young people leaving care: health, well-being and outcomes. Child & Family Social Work, 13, 207–217.
R. Elliott (2003). Executive functions and their disorders: Imaging in clinical neuroscience. British Medical Bulletin, 65 (1), 49–59.
M.J. Farah , D.M. Shera , J.H. Savage , J.M. Betancourt , J.M. Gianetta , N.L. Brodsky , E. K. Malmund , & H. Hurt (2006). Childhood poverty: Specific associations with neurocognitive development. Brain Research, 1110, 166–174.
E. Fernandez (2008). Unravelling emotional, behavioural and educational outcomes in a longitudinal study of children in foster-care. British Journal of Social Work, 38, 1283–1301.
L. Flook , & S. Smalley (2010). Effects of mindful awareness practices on executive functions in elementary school children. Journal of Applied School Psychology, 26, 70–95.
J. Gapin , & J.L. Etnier (2010). The relationship between physical activity and executive function performance in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 32 (6), 753–763.
R. Gilbert , Spatz C. Widom , K. Browne , D. Fergusson , E. Webb , & S. Janson (2009). Burden and consequences of child maltreatment in high-income countries. Lancet 373, 68–81.
J.L. Hanson , M.K. Chung , B.B. Avants , E.A. Shirtcliff , J.C. Gee , R.J. Davidson , & S.D. Pollak (2010). Early stress is associated with alterations in the orbitofrontal cortex: a tensor-based morphometry investigation of brain structure and behavioural risk. Journal of Neuroscience, 30 (22), 7466–7472.
C.V. Healey , & P.A. Fisher (2011). Young children in foster care and the development of favorable outcomes. Children and Youth Services Review, 33, 1822–1830.
I.M. Loe , & H.M Feldman (2007). Academic and educational outcomes of children with ADHD. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 32 (6), 643–654.
W.B. Marlowe (2000). An intervention for children with disorders of executive functions. Developmental Neuropsychology, 18 (3), 445–454.
P.Y. Martin , & S. Jackson (2002). Educational success for children in public care: advice from a group of high achievers. Child and Family Social Work, 7, 121–130.
E. Mezzacappa , D. Kindlon , & F. Earls (2001). Child abuse and performance task assessments of executive functions in boys. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 42 (8), 1041–1048.
S.C. Mueller , F.S. Maheu , M. Dozier , E. Peloso , D. Mandell , E. Leibenluft , et al. (2010). Early-life stress is associated with impairment in cognitive control in adolescence: An fMRI study. Neuropsychologia, 48 (10), 3037–3044.
K.G. Noble , M.F. Norman , & M.J Farah (2005). Neurocognitive correlates of socioeconomic status in kindergarten children. Developmental Science, 8 (1), 74–87.
P. Nolin , & L. Ethier (2007). Using neuropsychological profiles to classify neglected children with or without physical abuse. Child Abuse & Neglect, 31 (6), 631–643.
B.D. Perry , R.A. Pollard , T.L. Blakley , & D. Vigilante (1995). Childhood trauma, the neurobiology of adaptation, and “use-dependent” development of the brain: How “states” become “traits”. Infant Mental Health Journal, 16 (4), 271–291.
C. Rasmussen , & J. Bisanz (2009). Executive functioning in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: profiles and age-related differences. Child Neuropsychology, 15, 201–215.
K.R. Ridderinkhof , W.P.M. van den Wildenberg , S.J. Segalowitz , & C.S. Carter (2004). Neurocognitive mechanisms of cognitive control: The role of prefrontal cortex in action selection, response inhibition, performance monitoring, and reward-based learning. Brain and Cognition, 56 (2), 129–140.
N.R. Riggs , C.B. Blair , & M.T. Greenberg (2004). Concurrent and 2-year longitudinal relations between executive function and the behaviour of 1st and 2nd grade children. Child Neuropsychology, 9 (4), 267–276.
N.R. Riggs , M.T. Greenberg , C.A. Kusché , & M.A Pentz . (2006). The mediational role of neurocognition in the behavioral outcomes of a social-emotional prevention program in elementary school: effects of the PATHS Curriculum. Prevention Science, 7 (1), 91–102.
J.P. Ryan , & M.F. Testa (2005). Child maltreatment and juvenile delinquency: Investigating the role of placement and placement instability. Children and Youth Services Review, 27, 227–249.
M.H. Teicher , S.L. Andersen , A. Polcari , C.M. Anderson , C.P. Navalta , & D. M Kim : (2003). The neurobiological consequences of early stress and childhood maltreatment. Neuroscience Biobehavioural Review, 27 (1–2), 33–44.
L.B. Thorell , S. Lindqvist , S. Bergman , G. Bohlin , & T. Klingberg (2008). Training and transfer effects of executive functions in preschool children. Developmental Science, 12 (1), 106–113.
A. Tomoda , C.P. Navalta , A. Polcari , N. Sadato , & M.H. Teicher (2009a). Childhood sexual abuse is associated with reduced gray matter volume in visual cortex of young women. Biological Psychiatry, 66, 642–648.
A. Tomoda , H. Suzuki , K. Rabi , Y.S. Sheu , A. Polcari , & M.J. Teicher (2009b). Reduced prefrontal cortical gray matter volume in young adults exposed to harsh corporal punishment. Neuroimage, 47 (2), 66–71.
A. Tomoda , Y.S. Sheu , K. Rabi , H. Suzuki , C.P. Navalta , A. Polcari , & M.H. Teicher (2011). Exposure to parental verbal abuse is associated with increased gray matter volume in superior temporal gyrus. Neuroimage, 54, 280–286.
E. Van Voorhees , & A. Scarpa (2004). The effects of child maltreatment on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. Trauma, Violence & Abuse, 5 (4), 333–352.
L. Webster , R.K. Hackett , & D. Joubert (2009). The association of unresolved attachment status and cognitive processes in maltreated adolescents. Child Abuse Review, 18 (1), 6–23.