Skip to main content
×
Home

Towards a General Theory of Reduction. Part I: Historical and Scientific Setting

  • C.A. Hooker (a1)
Abstract

The Three Papers comprising this series, together with my earlier [34] also published in this journal, constitute an attempt to set out the major issues in the theoretical domain of reduction and to develop (tentatively) a general theory of theory reduction. The fourth paper, [34], though published separately from this trio, is integral to the presentation and should be read in conjunction with these papers. Even so, the presentation is limited in scope – roughly, to intertheoretic reduction among empirical theories – and informal in presentation – not least because a satisfying formal account of theories has yet to be offered. And despite the length, the treatment is still condensed; often corroborating and/or intuitively helpful detail has had to be consigned to footnotes or omitted. I approach the problem from within my own naturalistic realist philosophy of science and formal analysis of abstract hierarchy in theory. The sources for the former are [25], [29], [31], and [32] and those for the latter essentially [27] and [30]. Hierarchical notions played a significant role in the already published [34].

Copyright
References
Hide All
[1] Adams E.W. ’The Foundations of Rigid Body Mechanics and the Derivation of its Laws from those of Particle Mechanics” (in) Henkin L., Suppes P. and Tarski A., (eds.) The Axiomatic Method, Amsterdam: North-Holland, 1959, pp. 250–65.
[2] Bohm D., “Quantum Theory as an lndication of a New Order in Physics. Part A. The Development of New Orders as Shown Through the History of Physics.” Foundations of Physics I, (1971) pp. 359382.
[3] Causey R., “Uniform Microreductions”. Synthese XXV(1912), pp. 176217.
[4] Causey R., “Attribute-Identities in Microreductions”, Journal of Philosophy LXIX(1972), pp. 407422.
[5] Causey R., The Unity of Science, Dordrecht: D. Reidel Publishing Company, 1976.
[6] Dreyfus H., What Computers Can't Do: A Critique of Artificial Reason, New York: Harper and Row, 1972.
[7] Feyerabend P. K., “Explanation, Reduction and Empiricism”; (in) Feigel H. and Maxwell G. (eds.) Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. II, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1962.
[8] Feyerabend P.K., “Problems of Empiricism”; (in) Colodny R., (ed.) Pittsburgh Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. II, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1965.
[9] Feyerabend P.K., “Problems of Empiricism II”; (in) Colodny R., (ed.) Pittsburgh Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. IV, Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1969.
[10] Feyerabend P.K., “Replies to Criticism”; (in) Cohen R.S. and Wartofsky M.W. (eds.), Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. II, New York: Humanities Press, 1965.
[11] Feyerabend P.K., Against Method, London: New Left Books, 1975.
[12] Fodor J.A., The Language of Thought, New York: Crowell, 1975.
[13] Friedman K.S., “A Partial Vindication of Ergodic Theory”, Philosophy of Science 43, (1976) pp. 151162.
[14] Gaa J., “The Replacement of Scientific Theory: Reduction and Explication”, Philosophy of Science 42, (1975), pp. 349372.
[15] Gottlieb D., “Ontological Reduction”, The Journal of Philosophy LXXIII (1976), pp. 5776.
[16] Haber R.N., Information-Processing Approaches to Visual Perception, New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1969.
[17] Harper W.L., “Rational Belief Change, Popper Functions and Counterfactu-als”, Synthese 30(1975), pp. 222262.
[18] Harper W.L., “Conceptual Change Incommensurability and Special Relativity Kinematics”, to appear in Acta Philosophica Fennica.
[19] Harper W.L. and Hooker C.A., Foundations of Probability Theory, Statistical Inference and Statistical Theories of Science, Volumes I, II, III. Dor-drecht: D. Reidel Publishing Co., 1973.
[20] Harris J.H., “On Comparing Theories”, Synthese 32 (1975), pp. 2976.
[21] Hempel C.G., Aspects of Scientific Explanation, New York: The Free Press, 1965.
[22] Hempel C.G., “Reduction: Linguistic and Ontological Issues”, (in) Morgen-besser S., et al. (eds.) Philosophy, Science and Method, New York: St. Martins, 1969.
[23] Holton G., Thermatic Origins of Scientific Thought, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1973.
[24] Hooker C.A., “Critical Notice: Against Method, P.K. Feyerabend”, Canadian Journal of Philosophy Vol. I(1972), pp. 489509.
[25] Hooker C.A., “Empiricism, Perception and Conceptual Change”, Canadian Journal of Philosophy III(1973), PP. 5975
[26] Hooker C.A., “The Metaphysics of Science: Atoms versus Plena”, International Logic Review 9 (1974), PP. 111146
[27] Hooker C.A., “Physics and Metaphysics: A Prolegomenon for the Riddles of Quantum Theory”, (in) Hooker C.A. (ed.) Contemporary Research in the Foundations and Philosophy of Quantum Theory, Dordrecht: D. Reidel Publishing Co., 1973
[28] Hooker C.A., “The Nature of Quantum Mechanical Reality: Einstein versus Bohr”, (in) R Colodny. (ed.) Pittsburgh Studies in the Philosophy of Science Vol. V, 1972
[29] Hooker C.A., “Systematic Realism”, Synthese 26 (1974), PP. 409497.
[30] Hooker C.A., “Global Theories”, Philosophy of Science 42 (1975), PP. 152179
[31] Hooker C.A., “Systematic Philosophy and Meta-Philosophy of Science: Empiricism, Popperianand Realism”, Synthese 32 (1975), PP. 177231.
[32] Hooker C.A., “Methodology” (in) Butts R.E. and Hintikka J. (eds.) Proceedings, 5th International Congress on Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science, Vol. II, Dordrecht: D. Reidel Publishing Co., 1976.
[33] Hooker C.A., “Sellars and the Elimination of Sense”, Philosophical Studies 32, #4 (1977), PP 335348
[34] Hooker C.A., “Critical Notice. R.M. Yoshida: Reduction in the Physical Sciences”, Dialogue XVIII, No. 1 (1979), 8199
[35] Hooker C.A. and Suchting W., “Empirical Reduction”, Mimeograph, Sydney University, 1967
[36] Jammer M., The Conceptual Development of Quantum Theory, New York: McGraw-Hill, 1966
[37] Jammer M., The Philosophy of Quantum Mechanics, New York: Wiley, 1974
[38] Jubien M., “Two Kinds of Reduction”, The Journal of Philosophy LXVI (1969), PP. 533541
[39] Kemeny J.G. and Oppenheim P., “On Reduction”, Philosophical Studies VII (1956), PP. 617
[40] Leibovic K.N., Information Processing in the Nervous System, New York: Springer-Verlag, 1969.
[41] Nagel E., The Structure of Science, New York: Harcourt, Brace and World, 1961.
[42] Nagel E., “Issues in the Logic of Reductive Explanations”, (in) Kiefer H. and Munitz M., (eds.) Mind, Science and History, Albany: S.U.N.Y. Press, 1970.
[43] Neisser U., Cognitive Psychology, New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1967.
[44] Neisser U., Cognition and Reality, San Francisco: W.H. Freeman, 1976.
[45] Nickles T., “Two Concepts of Intertheoretic Reduction”, The Journal of Philosophy LXX (1973), PP. 181201
[46] Nickles T., “Theory Generalizations, Problem Reduction and the Unity of Science” (in) Cohen R.S., Hooker C.A., Michalos A.C., & van Evra J.W., (eds.) PSA 1974, Dordrecht: Reidel, 1976.
[47] Petersen A., Quantum Physics and the Philosophical Tradition, Cambridge, Mass. M.I.T. Press, 1968.
[48] Proctor W.G., “Negative Absolute Temperatures, Scientific American, Vol. 239, 08 1978, 9099
[49] Putnam H., “Realism and Reason”, Proceedings of the American Philosophical Association, (1977), PP. 483498
[50] Putnam H., “Models and Reality”, Presidential address, Association for Symbolic Logic, 1977. To appear.
[51] Quine W.V.O., “Ontological Reduction and the World of Numbers”, The Journal of Philosophy LXI (1964), PP. 209216. Reprinted in The Ways of Paradox, New York: Random House, 1966.
[52] Redhead M.L.G., “Symmetry inIntertheory Relations”, Synthese 32 (1975), PP. 77112.
[53] Schaffner K.F., “Approaches to Reduction”, Philosophy of Science 34 (1967), PP. 137147
[54] Schaffner K.F., “Reductionism in Biology: Prospects and Problems” (in) Cohen R.S., Hooker C.A., Michalos A.C. & van Evra J.W., (eds.) PSA 1974, Dordrecht: Reidel, 1976.
[55] Schaffner K.F., “The Unity of Science and Theory Construction in Molecular Biology” (in) Seegar R.J., and Cohen R.S., (eds.) Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science Vol. XI, Dordrecht: D. Reidel Publishing Co., 1974.
[56] Scriven M., “Explanations, Predictions and Laws” (in) Feigl H., & Maxwell G., (eds.) Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. III, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1962.
[57] Sellars W., “The Identity Approach to the Mind-Body Problem”, (in) Cohen R.S. and Wartofsky M.W. (eds.) Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. II, New York: Humanities Press, 1965.
[58] Sellars W., Science, Perception and Reality, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1963.
[59] Sellars W., “Theoretical Explanation” (in) Baumrin B. (ed.) Philosophy of Science (Delaware Seminar), Vol. 2, New York: Wiley, 1963.
[60] Sklar L., “Inter-theoretic Reduction in the Natural Sciences”, unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Princeton University, 1964.
[61] Sklar L., “Types of Inter-theoretic Reduction”, British Journalfor the Philosophy of Science XVIII (1967) PP. 109124
[62] Sklar L., “Thermodynamics, Statistical Mechanics and the Complexity of Reductions” (in) Cohen R.S., Hooker C.A., Michalos A.C. & van Evra J.W., (eds.) PSA 1974, Dordrecht: Reidel, 1976.
[63] Sklar L., “Statistical Explanation and Ergodic Theory”, Philosophy of Science 40(1973), 194212
[64] Smart J.C., “Conflicting Views about Explanation”, (in) Cohen R.S. and Wartofsky M.W. (eds.) Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. II, New York: Humanities Press, 1965.
[65] Sneed J., The Logical Structure of Mathematical Physics, Dordrecht: D. Reidel Publishing Company, 1971.
[66] Solso R.L., (ed.) Theories in Cognitive Psychology, Information Processing and Cognition (The Loyola Symposium, Vols. 2, 3) Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Association, 1974,1975.
[67] Spector M., “Russell's Maxim and Reduction as Replacement” Synthese 32 (1975) PP. 135176
[68] Stegmuller W., The Structure and Dynamics of Theories (Wohlhueter W., trans.), Berlin: Springer Verlag, 1975.
[69] Suppes P., “What is a Scientific Theory?” (in) Morgenbesser S., (ed.) Philosophy of Science Today, New York: Basic Books, 1967.
[70] Tharp L.H., “Ontological Reduction”, The Journal of Philosophy LXVIII (1971)PP. 151164
[71] Tisza L., “Classical Statistical Mechanics versus Quantal Statistical Thermodynamics: A Study in Contrasts” (in) Harper W. and Hooker C.A. (eds.) Foundations of Probability Theory, Statistical Inference and Statistical Theories of Science, Vol. III, Dordrecht: D. Reidel Publishing Co., PP. 208216.
[72] Toulmin S., Human Understanding, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1972.
[73] Wimsatt W., “Complexity and Organisation” (in) Schaffner K.S. & Cohen R.S., (eds.) PSA 1972, Dordrecht: Reidel, 1974.
[74] Wimsatt W., “Reductive Explanation: A Functional Account” (in) Cohen R.S., Hooker C.A., Michalos A.C. & van Evra J.W., (eds.) PSA 1974, Dordrecht: Reidel, 1976.
[75] Wimsatt W., “Reductionism, Levels of Organisation and the Mind-Body Problem” (in) Glebus G., Maxwell G. & Savodnik I. (eds.) Consciousness and the Brain, New York: Plenum Press, 1976.
[76] Winch P., The Idea of a Social Science, London: Routledge & Regan Paul, 1958.
[77] Yoshida R.M., Reduction in the Physical Sciences, Philosophy in Canada: A Monograph Series, Halifax, Nova Scotia: Canadian Association for Publishing in Philosophy by Dalhousie University Press, 1977.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Dialogue: Canadian Philosophical Review / Revue canadienne de philosophie
  • ISSN: 0012-2173
  • EISSN: 1759-0949
  • URL: /core/journals/dialogue-canadian-philosophical-review-revue-canadienne-de-philosophie
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 15 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 521 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 22nd November 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.