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Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, Behavior and Risk Perception of COVID-19 Pandemic among University Students of Pakistan

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 January 2022

Madeeha Fatima
Affiliation:
Department of Pharmacy, The University of Faisalabad, Faisalabad, Pakistan
Aamna Habib
Affiliation:
Department of Pharmacy, The University of Faisalabad, Faisalabad, Pakistan
Saira Khan
Affiliation:
Department of Applied Psychology, Government College Women University, Faisalabad, Pakistan
Muhammad Hammad Butt
Affiliation:
Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Central Punjab, 54000, Lahore, Pakistan
Tauqeer Hussain Mallhi*
Affiliation:
Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Jouf University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Yusra Habib Khan
Affiliation:
Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Jouf University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Asifa Zaheer
Affiliation:
Department of Physiology, Faisalabad Medical University/Allied hospital, Faisalabad Pakistan
Muhammad Umar Habib
Affiliation:
Department of Surgery, District Head Quarter Hospital, Chiniot, Pakistan
Abdul Qayyum Khan
Affiliation:
Department of Pharmacy, Lahore College for Pharmaceutical Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan
Muhammad Imran Khan
Affiliation:
Department of Pharmacy, Riphah International University, Lahore, Pakistan
Azhar Iqbal
Affiliation:
Assistant Professor and Head Department of Operative Dentistry & Endodontics, College of Dentistry, Jouf University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Malik Hassan Mehmood
Affiliation:
Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Government College University Faisalabad, Faisalabad, Pakistan
Imran Masood
Affiliation:
Faculty of Pharmacy and Faculty of Medicine & Allied Health Sciences, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, 63100, Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan
*
Corresponding Author; E-mail: tauqeer.hussain.mallhi@hotmail.com
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Abstract

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Objective:

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has substantially affected students around the globe due to the closure of educational institutes. However, student involvements and contributions are important in combating the disease for this reason current study was designed to assess the knowledge-attitude-practice (KAP), preventive behavior, and risk perception among university students.

Methods:

A cross-sectional survey-based study was conducted among university students of Punjab, Pakistan from April 1st to June 30th, 2020. The 68 items questionnaire was used to evaluated responses using statistical approaches (student’s t-test, regression-analysis and co-relation analysis) by considering p-value <0.05 statistically significant.

Results:

A total of 503 university students (medical and non-medical) were selected with the majority of participants were females (83%) and 64.5% were of age ranged from 16 to 21 years old. The participants (80%) reported good disease knowledge with a mean score of 12.06 ± 1.75 (p<0.05), which substantially higher among medical students. Most of the respondents (72%) believed that COVID-19 will be effectively controlled through precautionary measures. In correlation subgroup analysis, a significant relationship (p=0.025) between knowledge and positive attitude were indicated. Fear and knowledge of COVID-19 emerged as strong predictors (p<0.001) of preventive behaviors towards disease.

Conclusion:

This study demonstrated satisfactory knowledge, positive attitudes, and suitable practices among students towards COVID-19. University students can be involved in public education to aid the health authorities in achieving the targets of educational campaigns with maximum population coverage.

Type
Brief Report
Copyright
© 2022 Society for Disaster Medicine and Public Health, Inc.
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