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  • Yong Bao (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 06 July 2012

We investigate the finite-sample bias of the quasi-maximum likelihood estimator (QMLE) in spatial autoregressive models with possible exogenous regressors. We derive the approximate bias result of the QMLE in terms of model parameters and also the moments (up to order 4) of the error distribution, and thus a feasible bias-correction procedure is directly applicable. In some special cases, the analytical bias result can be significantly simplified. Our Monte Carlo results demonstrate that the feasible bias-correction procedure works remarkably well.

Corresponding author
*Address correspondence to Yong Bao, Department of Economics, Krannert School of Management, Purdue University, 403 W. State St., West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA; e-mail:
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Econometric Theory
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