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Foreign Direct Investment and Intellectual Property Rights: International Intangible Assets in Spain over the Long Term

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  26 April 2017

PATRICIO SÁIZ
Affiliation:
Patricio Sáiz is Associate Professor of Economic and Business History at the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, where he conducts research on patent and trademark management in backward economies, especially in Spain and Latin America. Since 1999, he has been the lead of a research agreement between the university and the Spanish Patent and Trademark Office. Recent publications include Cliometrica, Business History Review, Historical Social Research, and in Routledge International Studies of Business History. See www.ibcnetwork.org/patricio_saiz for further information. Departamento de Análisis Económico, Teoría Económica e Historia Económica, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (UAM), C/ Francisco Tomas y Valiente 5, 28049, Madrid, Spain. E-mail: patricio.saiz@uam.es
RAFAEL CASTRO
Affiliation:
Rafael Castro completed his doctoral training at the Universidad Complutense de Madrid and Paris3-Sorbonne-Nouvelle. Recently he was appointed as Lecturer in Global and Spanish Economic History at the University Autónoma de Madrid. His research includes extensive work on business history, foreign direct investments, international relations, political economy of the enterprise, and public economics. His publications include articles in Industrial and Corporate Change, Journal of Macromarketing, Enterprise & Society, and Business History Review. See www.ibcnetwork.org/rafael_castro and https://uam.academia.edu/rafaelcastrobalaguer.

Abstract

This article reflects on foreign direct investment (FDI) and intellectual property rights (IPRs) over the long term, and analyzes the case of Spain during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Although the interactions between IPRs and FDI have attracted significant research efforts in distinct economic and business areas, the results lack permanent answers. Our findings demonstrate that, from a macro-level perspective: (1) FDI and IPRs are effectively related over the long term; (2) weak IPR protection does not seem to have stopped FDI; and (3) the countries with major FDI in Spain were less worried about IPR management than were other countries with less FDI.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © The Author 2017. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of the Business History Conference. All rights reserved. 

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References

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Tortella, Teresa. A Guide to Sources of Information on Foreign Investment in Spain 1780–1914. Amsterdam: International Institute of Social History, 2000.Google Scholar
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Wilkins, Mira. The Emergence of Multinational Enterprise: American Business Abroad from the Colonial Era to 1914. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1970.Google Scholar
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Williamson, Oliver E. The Economic Institutions of Capitalism. New York: Free Press, 1985.Google Scholar
Zamagni, Vera. Historia económica de la Europa contemporánea: de la revolución industrial a la integración europea. Barcelona: Crítica, 2011.Google Scholar
Adams, Samuel. “Intellectual Property Rights, Investment Climate and FDI in Developing Countries.” International Business Research 3, no. 3 (2010): 201209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Álvaro, Adoración. “Hízose el milagro: La inversión directa estadounidense y la empresa española (c. 1900–1975).” Investigaciones de Historia Económica 7, no. 3 (2011): 358368.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Álvaro, Adoración. “Inversión directa extranjera y formación de capacidades organizativas locales: un análisis del impacto de Estados Unidos en la empresa española (1918–1975).” Dissertation, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 2011. http://eprints.ucm.es/12327.
Arrow, Kenneth J. “Economic Welfare and the Allocation of Resources for Invention.” In The Rate and Direction of Inventive Activity: Economic and Social Factors, edited by Universities-National Bureau Committee for Economic Research and Committee on Economic Growth of the Social Science Research Council, 609626. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1962.Google Scholar
Boldrin, Michele, and Levine, David K.. “Market Size and Intellectual Property Protection.” International Economic Review 50, no. 3 (2009): 855881. doi:10.1111/j.1468-2354.2009.00551.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Boldrin, Michele, and Levine, David K.. “What’s Intellectual Property Good For?” Revue Économique 64, no. 1 (2013): 2953. doi:10.3917/reco.641.0029.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Broder, Albert. “Le rôle des intérêts étrangers dans la croissance économique de l’Espagne, 1815–1913: Etat-entreprise et histoire”. Dissertation, Université de Lilles, 1982.
Broder, Albert. “Les investissements étrangers en Espagne au XIXe siècle.” Revue d’histoire économique et sociale 54, no. 1 (1976): 2963.Google Scholar
Bruland, Kristine. “Managing Foreign Operations: Babcock & Wilcox in Europe, c. 1870–1920.” In Essays on Industrialization in France, Norway and Spain, edited by Bruland, Kristine and Olivier, Jean-Marc, 93112. Oslo: Unipub, 2005.Google Scholar
Carreras, Albert, and Tafunell, Xavier. “Spain: Big Manufacturing Firms between State and Market, 1917–1990.” In Big Business and the Wealth of Nations, edited by Chandler, Alfred Dupont, Amatori, Franco, and Hikino, Takashi, 277308. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cebrián, Mar. “The Structure of Payments as a Way to Alleviate Contractual Hazards in International Technology Licensing.” Industrial and Corporate Change 18, no. 6 (2009): 11351160. doi:10.1093/icc/dtp016.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Duguid, Paul, Mercer, John, and da Silva Lopes, Teresa. “Reading Registrations: An Overview of 100 Years of Trademark Registrations in France, the United Kingdom, and the United States.” In Trademarks, Brands, and Competitiveness, edited by Duguid, Paul and Lopes, Teresa da Silva, 930. New York: Routledge, 2010.Google Scholar
Dunning, John H., and Narula, Rajneesh. “The Investment Development Path Revisited. Some Emerging Issues.” In Foreign Direct Investment and Governments: Catalysts for Economic Restructuring, edited by Dunning, John H. and Narula, Rajneesh, 140. London: Routledge, 1996.Google Scholar
Federico, P. J. “Historical Patent Statistics.” Journal of the Patent Office Society 46, no. 2 (1964): 89171.Google Scholar
Gilbert, Richard, and Shapiro, Carl. “Optimal Patent Length and Breadth.” RAND Journal of Economics 21, no. 1 (1990): 106112. doi:10.2307/2555497.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Helpman, Elhanan. “Innovation, Imitation, and Intellectual Property Rights.” Econometrica 61, no. 6 (1993): 12471280. doi:10.2307/2951642.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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