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Biosphere Reserves for conservation and development in Ukraine? Legal recognition and establishment of the Roztochya initiative

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  25 January 2013

MARINE ELBAKIDZE*
Affiliation:
School for Forest Management, Faculty of Forest Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, PO Box 43, SE-73921 Skinnskatteberg, Sweden
PER ANGELSTAM
Affiliation:
School for Forest Management, Faculty of Forest Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, PO Box 43, SE-73921 Skinnskatteberg, Sweden
CAMILLA SANDSTRÖM
Affiliation:
Department of Political Science, Umeå University, SE-90187 Umeå, Sweden
NATALIE STRYAMETS
Affiliation:
School for Forest Management, Faculty of Forest Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, PO Box 43, SE-73921 Skinnskatteberg, Sweden
SARAH CROW
Affiliation:
American Forest Foundation, Washington DC 20036, USA
ROBERT AXELSSON
Affiliation:
School for Forest Management, Faculty of Forest Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, PO Box 43, SE-73921 Skinnskatteberg, Sweden
GALYNA STRYAMETS
Affiliation:
Roztochya Nature Reserve, Sitchovyh Stryltsiv 7, Ivano-Frankove 81070, Ukraine
TARAS YAMELYNETS
Affiliation:
Faculty of Geography, Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, Doroshenko 41, Lviv 79000, Ukraine
*
*Correspondence: Dr Marine Elbakidze Tel: +46 222 34971 e-mail: marine.elbakidze@slu.se

Summary

The Biosphere Reserve (BR) concept is an approach that simultaneously reconciles and promotes conservation of natural and cultural diversity, environmentally and socioculturally sustainable economic development, and research. This study focuses on the legal recognition of the BR concept as a tool for sustainable development (SD) in Ukraine, and what impact legislation has had on BR implementation. The BR concept has been incorporated into Ukrainian nature conservation legislation. However, interviews with locals engaged with the Roztochya BR initiative revealed that the aim to promote sustainability through stakeholder collaboration was poorly implemented. Legislative misplacement of the BR concept created misunderstandings among local people during the emergence of the Roztochya BR initiative. BR implementation may be improved by (1) choosing national terminology describing the concept carefully, because this affects stakeholder perceptions, (2) ensuring that legislation for BRs has a multi-sectoral character, and (3) ensuring that those who implement BR initiatives have the understanding, knowledge and will to lead and facilitate SD as a collaborative social learning process towards ecological, economic, social and cultural sustainability.

Type
THEMATIC SECTION: Biodiversity Governance in Central and Eastern Europe
Copyright
Copyright © Foundation for Environmental Conservation 2013

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