Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-nr4z6 Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-05-18T02:07:39.526Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Biosphere Reserves for conservation and development in Ukraine? Legal recognition and establishment of the Roztochya initiative

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  25 January 2013

School for Forest Management, Faculty of Forest Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, PO Box 43, SE-73921 Skinnskatteberg, Sweden
School for Forest Management, Faculty of Forest Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, PO Box 43, SE-73921 Skinnskatteberg, Sweden
Department of Political Science, Umeå University, SE-90187 Umeå, Sweden
School for Forest Management, Faculty of Forest Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, PO Box 43, SE-73921 Skinnskatteberg, Sweden
American Forest Foundation, Washington DC 20036, USA
School for Forest Management, Faculty of Forest Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, PO Box 43, SE-73921 Skinnskatteberg, Sweden
Roztochya Nature Reserve, Sitchovyh Stryltsiv 7, Ivano-Frankove 81070, Ukraine
Faculty of Geography, Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, Doroshenko 41, Lviv 79000, Ukraine
*Correspondence: Dr Marine Elbakidze Tel: +46 222 34971 e-mail:


The Biosphere Reserve (BR) concept is an approach that simultaneously reconciles and promotes conservation of natural and cultural diversity, environmentally and socioculturally sustainable economic development, and research. This study focuses on the legal recognition of the BR concept as a tool for sustainable development (SD) in Ukraine, and what impact legislation has had on BR implementation. The BR concept has been incorporated into Ukrainian nature conservation legislation. However, interviews with locals engaged with the Roztochya BR initiative revealed that the aim to promote sustainability through stakeholder collaboration was poorly implemented. Legislative misplacement of the BR concept created misunderstandings among local people during the emergence of the Roztochya BR initiative. BR implementation may be improved by (1) choosing national terminology describing the concept carefully, because this affects stakeholder perceptions, (2) ensuring that legislation for BRs has a multi-sectoral character, and (3) ensuring that those who implement BR initiatives have the understanding, knowledge and will to lead and facilitate SD as a collaborative social learning process towards ecological, economic, social and cultural sustainability.

THEMATIC SECTION: Biodiversity Governance in Central and Eastern Europe
Copyright © Foundation for Environmental Conservation 2013

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


Anon. (1992) Zakon pro prydno-zapovidnyy fond Ukrayny.[www document]. URL Scholar
Anon. (2008) Statystychnyydovidnyk Yavorivskogo rayony. Yavoriv, Ukraine: Nauka (in Ukrainian).Google Scholar
Anon. (2010) Nomination form of the Ukrainian Roztochya Biosphere reserve. Achieve of the administration of Roztochya strict protected reserve [www document]. Scholar
Axelsson, R., Angelstam, P., Elbakidze, M., Stryamets, N. & Johansson, K-E. (2011) Sustainable development and sustainability: landscape approach as a practical interpretation of principles and implementation concepts. Journal of Landscape Ecology 4 (3): 530.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Baker, S. (2006) Sustainable Development. New York, NY, USA: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Batisse, M. (1997) Biosphere Reserves: a challenge for biodiversity conservation and regional development. Environmental Science and Policy for Sustainable Development 39 (5): 633.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Blicharska, M., Angelstam, P., Axelsson, R., Elbakidze, M., Skorupski, M. & Węgiel, A. (2012) The Polish Promotional Forest Complexes: objectives, implementation and outcomes towards sustainable forest management? Forest Policy and Economics 23: 2839.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Blowers, A., Boersema, J. & Martin, A. (2012) Is sustainable development sustainable? Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences 9 (1): 18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bonheur, N. & Lane, B. (2002) Natural resources management for human security in Cambodia's Tonle Sap Biosphere Reserve. Environmental Science and Policy 5: 3341.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bonnin, M. & Jardin, M. (2009) Legal interpretation of the biosphere reserve concept in the framework of national legislation [www document]. URL Scholar
Bosak, K. (2008) Nature, conflict and biodiversity conservation in the Nanda Devi biosphere reserve. Conservation and Society 6 (3): 211224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bridgewater, P. (2002) Biosphere reserves: special places for people and nature. Environmental Science and Policy 5: 912.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
CMS (2003) Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals, 2003. UNEP, CMS [www document]. URL Scholar
Convention on Biological Diversity (1992) Text of the CBD [www document]. URL Scholar
Denzin, N.K. & Lincoln, Y.S., eds (2005) Handbook of Qualitative Research. Second edition. London, UK: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
Elbakidze, M., Angelstam, P., Sandström, C. & Axelsson, R. (2010) Multi-stakeholder collaboration in Russian and Swedish Model Forest initiatives: adaptive governance towards sustainable forest management? Ecology and Society 15 (2): 14 [www document]. URL http:/ Scholar
Elbakidze, M. & Angelstam, P. (2007) Implementing sustainable forest management in Ukraine's Carpathian Mountains: the role of traditional village systems. Forest Ecology and Management 249: 2838.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Elbakidze, M. & Angelstam, P. (2008) Model Forest in the north west of the Russian Federation: view from outside. Ustoychivoe lesopolzovanie 1 (17): 3947 (In Russian).Google Scholar
Fall, J. (2003) Planning protected areas across boundaries: new paradigm and old ghosts. Journal of Sustainable Forestry 17 (1/2): 81102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fraga, J. (2006) Local perspectives in conservation politics: the case of the Ria Lagartos Biosphere Reserve, Yucatan Mexico. Landscape and Urban planning 74: 285295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Furman, E., Varjopuro, R., Van Apeldorn, R. & Adamescu, M. (2007) The implementation of international biodiversity initiatives: constrains and successes. In: Biodiversity Under Threat, ed. Hester, R. & Harrisson, R., pp. 193216. Cambridge, UK: Royal Society of Chemistry.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Genschel, P. (2002) The dynamics of inertia: institutional persistence and change in telecommunications and health care. Governance 10 (1): 4366.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gorobets, A. (2008) An independent Ukraine: sustainable or unsustainable development? Communist and Post-Communist Studies 41: 93103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Green, J. & Chambers, W. (2006) The Politics of Participation in Sustainable Development Governance. Tokyo, Japan: United Nations University Centre.Google Scholar
Hester, R.E. & Harrisson, R.M. (2007) Biodiversity Under Threat. Cambridge, UK: Royal Society of Chemistry.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hovik, S, Sandström, C. & Zachrisson, A. (2010) Management of protected areas in Norway and Sweden: challenges in combining central governance and local participation. Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning 12 (2): 159177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hunter, M.L. (1996) Fundamentals of Conservation Biology. Cambridge, UK: Blackwell Science.Google Scholar
IMFN (2008) Model Forest development guide. International Model Forest Network Secretariat, Natural Resources Canada–Canadian Forest Service, Ottawa, Canada.Google Scholar
Ishwaran, N., Persic, A. & Nguyen, H. (2008) Concept and practice: the case of UNESCO biosphere reserves. International Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development 7 (2): 118131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Julien, B. (2000) Voicing interests and concerns. NATURA 2000: an ecological network in conflict with people. Forest Policy and Economics 1 (3): 357366.Google Scholar
Knill, C. & Lenschow, A., ed. (2000) Implementing EU Environmental Policy: New Directions and Old Problems. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press.Google Scholar
Kvale, S. & Brinkman, S. (2008) InterViews: Learning the Craft of Qualitative Research Interviewing. Thousand Oaks, CA, USA: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
Kusova, D., Tesitel, J., Matejka, K. & Bartos, M. (2008) Biosphere reserves: an attempt to form sustainable landscapes. A case study of three biosphere reserves in the Czech Republic. Landscape and Urban Planning 84: 3851.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lee, K.N. (1993) Compass and Gyroscope. Washington, DC, USA: Island Press.Google Scholar
Leeuwis, C. & Pyburn, R. (2002) Wheelbarrows Full of Frogs: Social Learning in Rural Resource Management. Assen, the Netherlands: Royal van Gorcum.Google Scholar
Mauerhofer, V. (2008) 3-D sustainability: an approach for priority setting in situation of conflicting interests towards a sustainable development. Ecological Economics 64: 496506.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McCauley, D. (2008) Sustainable development and the ‘governance challenge’: the French experience with Natura 2000. European Environment 18 (3): 152167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McNeely, J.A. (1995) Partnership for conservation: an introduction. In: Explaining Partnership in Conservation, ed. McNeely, J.A., pp. 110. Washington, DC, USA: Island Press.Google Scholar
MCPFE (1993) Resolution H1General Guidelines for the Sustainable Management of Forests in Europe. Second Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forests in Europe 16–17 June 1993, Helsinki, Finland [www document]. URL Scholar
Norton, B.G. (2003) Searching for Sustainability. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Norton, B.G. (2005) Sustainability. A Philosophy of Adaptive Ecosystem Management. Chicago, IL, USA: University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Phillips, A. (1995) The potential of biosphere reserves. Land Use Policy 12 (4): 321323.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Price, M. (2002) The periodic review of biosphere reserves: a mechanism to foster sites of excellence for conservation and sustainable development. Environmental Science and Policy 5: 1318.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Price, M., Park, J. & Bouamrane, M. (2010) Reporting progress on internationally designated sites: the periodic review of biosphere reserves. Environmental Science and Policy 13: 549557.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ramakrishnan, P.S. (2001) Ecology and Sustainable Development. New Delhi, India: National Book Trust of India.Google Scholar
Sandström, C., Pellika, J., Ratamäki, O. & Sande, A. (2009) Management of large carnivores in Fennoscandia: new patterns of regional participation. Human Dimension of Wildlife 4 (1): 3750.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schliep, R. & Stoll-Kleemann, S. (2010) Assessing governance of biosphere reserves in Central Europe. Land Use Policy 27: 917927.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schultz, L. & Lundholm, C. (2010) Learning for resilience? Exploring learning opportunities in Biosphere Reserves. Environmental Education Research 16 (5–6): 645663.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stoll-Kleemann, S., De la Vega-Leinert, A.C. & Schultz, L. (2010) The role of community participation in the effectiveness of UNESCO Biosphere Reserve management: evidence and reflections from two parallel global survey. Environmental Conservation 37 (3): 227238.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stoyko, S. (2004) Ecological and socio-economic motives of creation of bilateral Ukrainian-Polish reserve in the Roztochya region. Naukovyy Visnyk Ukrainskogo derzhavnogo lisotehnichnogo universitety 14: 1217.Google Scholar
Stryamets, N., Elbakidze, M. & Angelstam, P. (2012) Role of non-wood forest products for local livelihoods in countries with transition and market economy: case studies in Ukraine and Sweden. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 27 (1): 7487.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Thelen, K. (1999) Historical institutionalism in comparative politics. Annual Review of Political Science 2: 369404.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Udvardy, M. (1975) A classification of the biogeographical provinces of the world. IUCN Occasional Paper 18, IUCN, Morges, Switzerland [www document]. URL Scholar
UN (1992) The Rio Declaration and Agenda 21. Report of the United Nations conference on environment and development. United Nations, New York, NY, USA [www document]. URL Scholar
UN (2004) Report of the World Summit on Sustainable Development. Johannesburg, South Africa, 26 August– 4 September 2002. United Nations, New York, NY, USA [www document]. URL Scholar
UNESCO (1974) Programme on Man and the Biosphere (MAB). Task force on: criteria and guidelines for the choice and establishment of biosphere reserves. Final Report. MAB Report Series No. 22. UNESCO [www document]. URL Scholar
UNESCO (1995) The Seville Strategy and the Statutory Framework of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves. UNESCO, Paris. [www document]. URL Scholar
UNESCO (2008) Madrid Action Plan for Biosphere Reserves (2008–2013). Report, UNESCO, Paris, France [www document]. URL Scholar
Wallner, A., Bauer, N. & Hunziker, M. (2007) Perceptions and evaluations of biosphere reserves by local residents in Switzerland and Ukraine. Landscape and Urban Planning 83: 104114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
WCED (1987) Our Common Future. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press/The World Commissions on Environment and Development.Google Scholar
Supplementary material: File

ELBAKIDZE, M. Supplementary Material


Download ELBAKIDZE, M. Supplementary Material(File)
File 16 KB