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Length-based assessment of sustainability benchmarks for coral reef fishes in Puerto Rico

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 November 2008

JERALD S. AULT*
Affiliation:
University of Miami, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, 4600 Rickenbacker Causeway, Miami, Florida 33149, USA
STEVEN G. SMITH
Affiliation:
University of Miami, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, 4600 Rickenbacker Causeway, Miami, Florida 33149, USA
JIANGANG LUO
Affiliation:
University of Miami, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, 4600 Rickenbacker Causeway, Miami, Florida 33149, USA
MARK E. MONACO
Affiliation:
NOAA National Ocean Service Biogeography Branch, 1305 East West Highway, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910, USA
RICHARD S. APPELDOORN
Affiliation:
University of Puerto Rico, Department of Marine Sciences, Mayaguez, Puerto RicoUSA
*
*Correspondence: Dr Jerald Ault Tel: +1 305 421 4884 Fax: +1 305 421 4791 e-mail: jault@rsmas.miami.edu

Summary

The sustainability of multispecies coral reef fisheries is a key conservation concern given their economic and ecological importance. Empirical estimation and numerical model analyses were conducted to evaluate exploitation status via resource reference points (or sustainability benchmarks) for coral reef fishes of the snapper-grouper complex in Puerto Rico. Mean size (L, in length) of animals in the exploited part of the population was estimated from fishery-dependent and fishery-independent size composition data and used as an indicator variable of exploitation rates. In application, fishing mortality rates estimated from L of various data sources were comparable. Of the 25 reef fish species assessed, 16 were below 30% spawning potential ratio (SPR), six were above 30% SPR, and three could not be reliably determined owing to low sample sizes. These findings indicate that a majority of snapper-grouper species in Puerto Rico are currently fished at unsustainable levels.

Type
Papers
Copyright
Copyright © Foundation for Environmental Conservation 2008

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