Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 15
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Hill, Rosemary Halamish, Eyal Gordon, Iain J. and Clark, Megan 2013. The maturation of biodiversity as a global social–ecological issue and implications for future biodiversity science and policy. Futures, Vol. 46, p. 41.

    Preuss, Karissa and Dixon, Madeline 2012. ‘Looking after country two-ways’: Insights into Indigenous community-based conservation from the Southern Tanami. Ecological Management & Restoration, Vol. 13, Issue. 1, p. 2.

    Banks, Glenn 2013. Little by little, inch by inch: Project expansion assessments in the Papua New Guinea mining industry. Resources Policy, Vol. 38, Issue. 4, p. 688.

    Sayer, Jeffrey Margules, Chris Bohnet, Iris Boedhihartono, Agni Pierce, Ray Dale, Allan and Andrews, Kate 2015. The Role of Citizen Science in Landscape and Seascape Approaches to Integrating Conservation and Development. Land, Vol. 4, Issue. 4, p. 1200.

    Lopes, Luis Filipe Gomes dos Santos Bento, João Manuel R. Arede Correia Cristovão, Artur F. and Baptista, Fernando Oliveira 2015. Exploring the effect of land use on ecosystem services: The distributive issues. Land Use Policy, Vol. 45, p. 141.

    Stork, Nigel E. Turton, Stephen M. Hill, Rosemary and Lane, Marcus B. 2014. Revisiting crisis, change and institutions in the tropical forests: The multifunctional transition in Australia's Wet Tropics. Journal of Rural Studies, Vol. 36, p. 99.

    Hill, R. Dyer, G.A. Lozada-Ellison, L.-M. Gimona, A. Martin-Ortega, J. Munoz-Rojas, J. and Gordon, I.J. 2015. A social–ecological systems analysis of impediments to delivery of the Aichi 2020 Targets and potentially more effective pathways to the conservation of biodiversity. Global Environmental Change, Vol. 34, p. 22.

    Hill, R. Davies, J. Bohnet, I.C. Robinson, C.J. Maclean, K. and Pert, P.L. 2015. Collaboration mobilises institutions with scale-dependent comparative advantage in landscape-scale biodiversity conservation. Environmental Science & Policy, Vol. 51, p. 267.

    Measham, Thomas G. and Lumbasi, Jared A. 2013. Success Factors for Community-Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM): Lessons from Kenya and Australia. Environmental Management, Vol. 52, Issue. 3, p. 649.

    Williams, Kristen J. Reeson, Andrew F. Drielsma, Michael J. and Love, Jamie 2012. Optimised whole-landscape ecological metrics for effective delivery of connectivity-focused conservation incentive payments. Ecological Economics, Vol. 81, p. 48.

    Pert, Petina L. Lieske, Scott N. and Hill, Rosemary 2013. Participatory development of a new interactive tool for capturing social and ecological dynamism in conservation prioritization. Landscape and Urban Planning, Vol. 114, p. 80.

    Metcalfe, Daniel J. and Lawson, T. J. 2015. An International Union for Conservation of Nature risk assessment of coastal lowland rainforests of the Wet Tropics Bioregion, Queensland, Australia. Austral Ecology, Vol. 40, Issue. 4, p. 373.

    Pert, Petina L. Hill, Rosemary Williams, Kristen J. Harding, Elaine K. O'Malley, Tony Grace, Rowena A. Dale, Allan P. Bohnet, Iris and Butler, James R.L.A. 2010. Scenarios for Community-based Approaches to Biodiversity Conservation: a case study from the Wet Tropics, Queensland, Australia. Australian Geographer, Vol. 41, Issue. 3, p. 285.

    Pert, Petina L. Hill, Rosemary Maclean, Kirsten Dale, Allan Rist, Phil Schmider, Joann Talbot, Leah and Tawake, Lavenie 2015. Mapping cultural ecosystem services with rainforest aboriginal peoples: Integrating biocultural diversity, governance and social variation. Ecosystem Services, Vol. 13, p. 41.

    Hill, Rosemary Cullen-Unsworth, Leanne C. Talbot, Leah D. and McIntyre-Tamwoy, Susan 2011. Empowering Indigenous peoples’ biocultural diversity through World Heritage cultural landscapes: a case study from the Australian humid tropical forests. International Journal of Heritage Studies, Vol. 17, Issue. 6, p. 571.


Adaptive community-based biodiversity conservation in Australia's tropical rainforests

  • DOI:
  • Published online: 28 May 2010

In the globally significant Australian tropical rainforests, poor performance of community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) approaches mandated by national policy highlights the importance of the global search for better models. This paper reports on co-research to develop, apply and test the transferability and effectiveness of a new model and tools for CBNRM in biodiversity conservation. Adaptive co-management, designed with specific communities and natural resources, recognized as linked multi-scalar phenomena, is the new face of CBNRM. New tools used to achieve adaptive co-management include a collaborative focal species approach focused on the iconic southern cassowary, scenario analysis, science brokering partnerships, a collaborative habitat investment atlas and institutional brokering. An intermediate-complexity analytical framework was used to test the robustness of these tools and therefore likely transferability. The tools meet multiple relevant standards across three dimensions, namely empowering institutions and individuals, ongoing systematic scientific assessment and securing effective on-ground action. Evaluation of effectiveness using a performance criteria framework identified achievement of many social and environmental outcomes. Effective CBNRM requires multi-scale multi-actor collaborative design, not simply devolution to local-scale governance. Bridging/boundary organizations are important to facilitate the process. Further research into collaborative design of CBNRM structures, functions, tools and processes for biodiversity conservation is recommended.

Corresponding author
*Correspondence: Dr Rosemary Hill e-mail:
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

A. Agrawal & C.C. Gibson (1999) Enchantment and disenchantment: the role of community in natural resource conservation. World Development 27: 629649.

Australian Government (2008) Caring for our Country Outcomes 2008–2013. Canberra, Australia: Commonwealth of Australia.

S.P.J. Batterbury & J.L. Fernando (2006) Rescaling governance and the impacts of political and environmental decentralization: an introduction. World Development 34: 18511863.

F. Berkes (2007) Community-based conservation in a globalized world. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 104: 1518815193.

F. Berkes (2009) Evolution of co-management: role of knowledge generation, bridging organizations and social learning. Journal of Environmental Management 90: 16921702.

G. Borrini-Feyerabend (1996) Collaborative Management of Protected Areas: Tailoring the Approach to the Context. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.

C.J.A. Bradshaw , N.S. Sodhi & B.W. Brook (2009) Tropical turmoil: a biodiversity tragedy in progress. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 7: 7987.

J.S. Brooks , M.A. Franzen , C.M. Holmes , M.N. Grote & M.B. Mulder (2006) Testing hypotheses for the success of different conservation strategies. Conservation Biology 20: pp.–pp.

D.W. Cash , W.N. Adger , F. Berkes , P. Garden , L. Lebel , P. Olsson , L. Prtichard & O. Young (2006) Scale and cross-scale dynamics: governance and information in a multilevel world. Ecology and Society 11: 8.

I.J. Davidson & R.M. O'Flaherty (2007) Researchers, indigenous peoples, and place-based learning communities. Society and Natural Resources 20: 291305.

C. Fabricus & S. Collins (2007) Community-based natural resource management: governing the commons. Water Policy 9: 8397.

H. Gonzalo-Turpin , N. Couix & L. Hazard (2008) Rethinking partnerships with the aim of producing knowledge with practical relevance: a case study in the field of ecological restoration. Ecology and Society 13: 11.

D.J. Greenwood & M. Levin (2007) Introduction to Action Research. Thousand Oaks, California, USA: Sage Publications.

B.D. Hardesty & D.A. Westcott (2008) Development of genetic survey methodologies for cassowaries. Report. CSIRO Sustainable Ecosystems, Atherton, Australia.

L.N. Joseph , R.F. Maloney & H.P. Possingham (2009) Optimal allocation of resources among threatened species: a project prioritization protocol. Conservation Biology 23: 328338.

A.T. Knight & R.M. Cowling (2007) Embracing opportunism in the selection of priority conservation areas. Conservation Biology 21: 11241126.

A.T. Knight , R.M. Cowling & B.M. Campbell (2006) An operational model for implementing conservation action. Conservation Biology 20: 610617.

R.J. Lambeck (1997) Focal species: a multi-species umbrella for nature conservation. Conservation Biology 11: 849856.

M.B. Lane & G. McDonald (2005) Community-based environmental planning: operational dilemmas, planning principles and possible remedies. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 48: 709731.

P. Latch (2007) Recovery plan for the southern cassowary Casuarius casuarius johnsonii 2007–2011. Report to Department of the Environment and Heritage, Canberra from Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service, Brisbane, Australia [www document]. URL

M. Leach , R. Mearns & I. Scoones (1999) Environmental entitlements: dynamics and institutions in community-based natural resource management. World Development 27: 225247.

L. Mandarano (2009) Evaluating collaborative environmental planning outputs and outcomes: restoring and protecting habitat and the New York New Jersey Harbor Estuary Program. Journal of Planning Education and Research 27: 456468.

F. Nunan (2006) Empowerment and institutions: managing fisheries in Uganda. World Development 34: 13161332.

E. Ostrom (2007) A diagnostic approach for going beyond panaceas. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 104: 1518115187.

A. Peterson , C.A. Mcalpine , D. Ward & S. Rayner (2007) New regionalism and nature conservation: lessons from South East Queensland, Australia. Landscape and Urban Planning 82: 132144.

R.L. Pressey & M.C. Bottrill (2008) Opportunism, threats, and the evolution of systematic conservation planning. Conservation Biology 22: 13401345.

L. Robins & S. Dovers (2007) Community-based NRM boards of management: are they up to the task? Australasian Journal of Environmental Management 14: 111122.

C.J. Robinson , M.B. Lane & B.M. Taylor (2009) Conclusion: the changing and contested governance of Australia's environmental heritage. In: Contested Country: Local and Regional Environmental Management in Australia, ed. M.B. Lane , C.J. Robinson & B.M. Taylor , pp. 243245. Canberra, Australia: CSIRO Publishing.

N. Salafsky , D. Salzer , A.J. Stattersfield , C. Hilton-Taylor , R. Neugarten , S.H.M. Butchart , B. Collen , N. Cox , L.L. Master , S. O'Connor & D. Wilkie (2008) A standard lexicon for biodiversity conservation: unified classifications of threats and actions. Conservation Biology 22: 897911.

C. Sandström (2009) Institutional dimensions of comanagement: participation, power and process. Society and Natural Resources 22: 230244.

J. Sayer & B. Campbell (2004) The Science of Sustainable Development Local Livelihoods and the Global Environment. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

D. Simberloff (1998) Flagships, umbrellas and keystones: is single species management passé in the landscape era? Biological Conservation 83: 247257.

P.C. Stern (2005) Deliberative methods for understanding environmental systems. BioScience 55: 976982.

N.E. Stork & S.M. Turton , eds. (2008) Living in a Dynamic Tropical Forest Landscape. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing.

L. Tacconi (2007) Decentralization, forests and livelihoods: theory and narrative. Global Environmental Change 17: 338348.

The Djiru Traditional Owners and Girringun Aboriginal Corporation (2007) Indigenous Cultural Significance Assessment Mission Beach.Report to CSIRO from P. Pentecost for Bilyana Archaeological Consultancies, Tully, Australia.

D.A. Westcott , J.M. Bentrupperbäumer , M.G. Bradford & A. McKeown (2005) Incorporating patterns of disperser behaviour into models of seed dispersal and its effects on estimated dispersal curves. Oecologia 146: 5767.

S.E. Williams & J. Middleton (2008) Climatic seasonality, resource bottlenecks, and abundance of rainforest birds: implications for global climate change. Diversity and Distributions 14: 6977.

S.E. Williams , L.P. Shoo , J.L. Isaac , A.A. Hoffman & G. Langham (2008) Towards an integrated framework for assessing the vulnerability of species to climate change. PLoS Biology 6: 26212626.

C. Wilmsen (2008) Negotiating community, participation, knowledge and power in participatory research. In: Partnerships for Empowerment Participatory Research for Community-based Natural Resource Management, ed. C. Wilmsen , W. Elmendorf , L. Fisher , J. Ross , B. Sarathy & G. Wells , pp. 122. London, UK: Earthscan.

G.D. Peterson , G.S. Cumming & S.R. Carpenter (2003) Scenario planning: a tool for conservation in an uncertain world. Conservation Biology 17: 358366.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Environmental Conservation
  • ISSN: 0376-8929
  • EISSN: 1469-4387
  • URL: /core/journals/environmental-conservation
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *