Skip to main content Accesibility Help
×
×
Home

Crossing boundaries for environmental science and management: combining interdisciplinary, interorganizational and international collaboration

  • STEPHEN G. PERZ (a1), SILVIA BRILHANTE (a2), I. FOSTER BROWN (a3), ANDREA CHAVEZ MICHAELSEN (a4), ELSA MENDOZA (a5), VERONICA PASSOS (a6), RAUL PINEDO (a7), JUAN FERNANDO REYES (a8), DANIEL ROJAS (a9) and GALIA SELAYA (a9)...
Summary

Literature on environmental science and management endorses crossing boundaries between disciplines, types of organizations and countries for environmental conservation. A literature review on interdisciplinarity, interorganizational networks and international cooperation highlights their justifying rationales and strategic practices. Crossing boundaries implies substantial challenges to managing collaboration itself, notably politics and uncertainty. Challenges to collaboration become compounded when crossing multiple boundaries simultaneously, here illustrated using the case of three projects in the south-western Amazon. Strategic practices such as net brokering and organizational courtships are highly important when crossing multiple boundaries. There are important commonalities in strategic practices for crossing different boundaries, such as recognizing grievances to manage politics, constituting functional redundancies in networks to manage uncertainty and non-aligned collaboration to manage both difficulties.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Correspondence: Dr Stephen Perz e-mail: sperz@ufl.edu
References
Hide All
Abbott, A. (2004) Methods of Discovery: Heuristics for the Social Sciences. New York, NY, USA: W.W. Norton.
Agrawal, A. (2001) Common property institutions and sustainable governance of resources. World Development 29: 16491672.
Agrawal, A. & Gibson, C.C. (1999) Enchantment and disenchantment: the role of community in natural resource conservation. World Development 27: 629649.
Alchion, A.A. & Demsetz, H. (1973) The property rights paradigm. Journal of Economic History 33: 1627.
Aldaba, F. (2002). Philippine NGOs and multi-stakeholder partnerships: three case studies. Voluntas 13: 179192.
Argyris, C. & Schon, D. (1996) Organizational Learning II: Theory, Method and Practice. Reading, UK: Addison Wesley.
Balsiger, P.W. (2004) Supradisciplinary research practices: history, objectives, rationale. Futures 36: 407421.
Bammer, G. & Smithson, M., eds (2009) Uncertainty and Risk: Multidisciplinary Perspectives. London, UK: Earthscan.
Barrett, C.B., Brandon, K., Gibson, C. & Gjertsen, H. (2001) Conserving tropical biodiversity amid weak institutions. BioScience 51: 497502.
Bebbington, A. & Thiele, G., eds (1993) Non-governmental Organizations and the State in Latin America. New York, NY, USA: Routledge.
Becher, T. (1989) Academic Tribes and Territories: Intellectual Enquiry and the Cultures of Disciplines. Bristol, PA, USA: Society for Research into Higher Education/Open University Press.
Berkes, F., ed. (1989) Common Property Resources: Ecology and Community-based Sustainable Development. London, UK: Belhaven Press.
Bray, D. & Anderson, A. (2005) Global Conservation, Non-governmental Organizations, and Local Peoples. FL, USA: Florida International University, Latin American and Caribbean Center.
Brewer, G.D. (1999) The challenges of interdisciplinarity. Policy Sciences 32: 327337.
Brick, P., Snow, D. & Van de Wetering, S. (2001). Across the Great Divide: Explorations in Collaborative Conservation and the American West. Washington, DC, USA: Island Press.
Brown, P. (1997) Popular epidemiology revisited. Current Sociology 45: 137156.
Brown, I.F., Brilhante, S.C.H., Mendoza, E. & Ribeiro de Oliveira, I. (2002) Estrada de Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil aos Portos do Pacífico: Como Maximizar os Benefícios e Minimizar os Prejuízos para o Desenvolvimento Sustentable da Amazônia Sul-Ocidental. In: CEPEI, La Integración Regional Entre Bolivia, Brasil y Peru. Lima, Peru: CEPEI.
Buck, L.E., Geisler, C.C., Schelhas, J., & Wollenberg, E., eds (2001) Biological Diversity: Balancing Interests Through Adaptive Collaborative Management. Boca Raton, FL, USA: CRC Press.
Cernea, M.M. (1992) The Building Blocks of Participation: Testing Bottom-up Planning. Washington, DC, USA: World Bank.
Chambers, R. (1997) Whose Reality Counts? Putting the First Last. London, UK: Intermediate Technology Publications.
Chapin, M. (2004) A challenge to conservationists. World Watch 17: 1731.
Cohen, J. & Sabel, C.F. (1997) Directly-deliberative polyarchy. European Law Journal 3: 313340.
Colfer, C.J.P., ed. (2005) The Complex Forest: Communities, Uncertainty, and Adaptive Collaborative Management. Washington, DC, USA: Resources for the Future/CIFOR.
Costanza, R. (1999) One giant leap: review of Consilience by E.O. Wilson. BioScience 49: 487488.
Costanza, R. (2003) A vision of the future of science: reintegrating the study of humans and the rest of nature. Futures 35: 651671.
Cumming, G., Barnes, G., Perz, S., Schmink, M., Sieving, K., Southworth, J., Binford, M., Holt, R., Stickler, C. & Van Holt, T. (2005) An exploratory framework for the measurement of resilience. Ecosystems 8: 975987.
Cumming, G.S., Cumming, D.H.M. & Redman, C.L. (2006) Scale mismatches in social-ecological systems: causes, consequences and solutions. Ecology and Society 11: 14 [www document] URL http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol11/iss1/art14/
Curtin, C. (2007) Integrating landscape and ecosystems approaches through science-based collaborative conservation. Conservation Biology 21: 11171119.
De Burca, G. & Scott, J., eds (2005) New Governance and Constitutionalism in Europe and the United States. Oxford, UK: Hart Publishing.
DeWitt, J. (1994) Civic Environmentalism: Alternatives to Regulation in States and Communities. Washington, DC, USA: CQ Press.
Duchelle, A., Biedenweg, K., Lucas, C., Virapongse, A., Radachowsky, J., Wojcik, D.J., Londres, M., Bartels, W.L., Alvira, D. & Kainer, K. (2009) Graduate students and knowledge exchange with local stakeholders: possibilities and preparation. Biotropica 41: 578585.
Durant, R.F., Fiorino, D.J. & O'Leary, R., eds (2004) Environmental Governance Reconsidered: Challenges, Choices and Opportunities. Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press.
Easterby-Smith, M., Crossan, M. & Nicolini, D. (2000) Organizational learning: debates past, present, and future. Journal of Management Studies 37: 783796.
Edmunds, D. & Wollenberg, E. (2001) A strategic approach to multi-stakeholder negotiations. Development and Change 32: 231253.
Engels, A. & Ruschenberg, T. (2008) The uneven spread of global science: patterns of international collaboration in global environmental change research. Science and Public Policy 35: 347360.
Flitcroft, R.L., Dedrick, D.C., Smith, C.L., Thieman, C.A. & Bolte, J.P. (2009) Social infrastructure to integrate science and practice: the experience of the Long Tom Watershed Council. Ecology and Society 14: 36 [www document]. URL http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol14/iss2/art36/
Frame, T.S., Gunton, T. & Day, J.C. (2004) The role of collaboration in environmental management: an evaluation of land and resource planning in British Columbia. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 47: 5982.
Frickel, S. (2004) Just science? Organizing scientist activism in the US environmental justice movement. Science as Culture 13: 449469.
Gaillard, J.F. (1994) North-south research partnerships: is collaboration possible between unequal partners? Knowledge and Policy 7: 3163.
Gibbons, M., Limoge, C., Nowotny, H., Schwartzman, S., Scott, P. & Trow, P. (1994). The New Production of Knowledge: The Dynamics of Science and Research in Contemporary Societies. London, UK: Sage.
Giddens, A. (2001) The Global Third Way Debate. Malden, MA, USA: Polity.
Giri, A.K. (2002) The calling of a creative transdisciplinarity. Futures 34: 103115.
Graybill, J.K., Dooling, S., Shandas, V., Withey, J., Greve, A. & Simon, G.L. (2006) A rough guide to interdisciplinarity: graduate student perspectives. BioScience 56: 757763.
Gulati, R. & Gargiulo, M. (1999). Where do inter-organizational networks come from? American Journal of Sociology 104: 14391493.
Gunderson, L.H. & Holling, C.S., eds (2002) Panarchy: Understanding Transformations in Human and Natural Systems. Washington, DC, USA: Island Press.
Hardin, G. (1968) The tragedy of the commons. Science 162: 12431248.
Harriss, J. (2002) The case for cross-disciplinary approaches in international development. World Development 30: 487496.
Heemskerk, M., Wilson, K. & Pavao-Zuckerman, M. (2003) Conceptual models as tools for communication across disciplines. Conservation Ecology [Ecology and Society] 7: 8 [www document]. URL http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol7/art8/
Hillborn, R., Orensanz, J.M. & Parma, A.M. (2005) Institutions, incentives, and the future of fisheries. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society – B 360: 4757.
Hirsch Hadorn, G., Hoffmann-Riem, H., Biber-Klemm, S., Grossenbacher-Mansuy, W., Joye, D., Pohl, C. & Wiesmann, U., eds (2008) Handbook of Transdisciplinary Research. Bern, Switzerland: Springer.
Holling, C.S. (1978) Adaptive Environmental Management and Assessment. London, UK: John Wiley.
Huxham, C. & Vangen, S. (2004) Managing to Collaborate: The Theory and Practice of Collaborative Advantage. London, UK: Routledge.
IIRSA (2009) Iniciativa para la Integracion del a Infraestructura Regional de America del Sur [www document]. URL http://www.iirsa.org
Iniciativa MAP, (2009) Iniciativa MAP [www document]. URL http://www.map-amazonia.net
Jasanoff, S. (1997) NGOs and the environment: from knowledge to action. Third World Quarterly 18: 579594.
Johnson, H. & Almeida, P., eds (2006) Latin American Social Movements: Globalization, Democratization, and Transnational Networks. Lanham, MD, USA: Rowen and Littlefield.
Kagan, J. (2009) The Three Cultures: Natural Sciences, Social Sciences, and the Humanities in the 21st Century. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Kainer, K., Schmink, M., Covert, H., Stepp, J.R., Bruna, E.M., Dain, J.L., Espinosa, S. & Humphries, S. (2006) A graduate education framework for tropical conservation and development. Conservation Biology 20: 313.
Kainer, K.A., DiGiano, M.L., Duchelle, A.E., Wadt, L.H.O., Bruna, E. & Dain, J.L. (2009) Partnering for greater success: local stakeholders and research in tropical biology and conservation. Biotropica 41: 555562.
Kanie, N. & Haas, P.M., eds. (2004) Emerging Forces in Environmental Governance. New York, NY, USA: UN University Press.
Karkkainen, B., Fung, A. & Sabel, C. (2000) After backyard environmentalism: toward a performance-based regime of enviro- nmental regulation. American Behavioral Scientist 44: 690709.
Keck, M.E. & Sikkink, K. (1998) Activists Beyond Borders: Advocacy Networks in International Politics. Ithaca, NY, USA: Cornell University Press.
Killeen, T.J. & Solórzano, L.A. (2008) Conservation strategies to mitigate impacts from climate change in Amazonia. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 363: 18811888.
Klein, J.T. (2004) Prospects for transdisciplinarity. Futures 36: 515526.
Kok, K., Biggs, R.O. & Zurek, M. (2007) Methods for developing multiscape participatory scenarios: insights from Southern Africa and Europe. Ecology and Society 13: 8 [www document]. URL http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol13/iss1/art8/
Lasker, R.Z., Weiss, E.A. & Miller, R. (2001) Partnership synergy: a practical framework for studying and strengthening the collaborative advantage. Milbank Quarterly 79: 179205.
Lee, K.N. (1993) Compass and Gyroscope: Integrating Science and Politics for the Environment. Washington, DC, USA: Island Press.
Lélé, S. & Norgaard, R.B. (2005) Practicing Interdisciplinarity. BioScience 55: 967975.
Lindblom, C.E. (1959) The science of ‘muddling through’. Public Administration Review 19: 7988.
Longstaff, P.H. & Yang, S.-U. (2008) Communication management and trust: their role in building resilience to ‘surprises’ such as natural disasters, pandemic flu, and terrorism. Ecology and Society 13: 3 [www document]. URL http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol13/iss#/art3/
Lubchenco, J. (1998) Entering the century of the environment: a new social contract for science. Science 279: 491497.
MacMynowski, D. (2007) Pausing at the brink of interdisciplinarity: power and knowledge at the meeting of social and biophysical science. Ecology and Society 12 (1): 20 [www document]. URL http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol12/iss1/art20/
Mandell, M.P., ed. (2001) Getting Results Through Collaboration: Networks and Network Structures for Public Policy and Management. Westport, CT, USA: Quorum Books.
Manring, S.L. (2007) Creating and managing inter-organizational learning networks to achieve sustainable ecosystem management. Organization and Environment 20: 325346.
Marengo, J.A., Nobre, C.A., Tomasella, J., Oyama, M.D., Sampaio de Oliveira, G., de Oliveira, R., Camargo, H., Alves, L.M. & Brown, I.F. (2008) The drought of Amazonia in 2005. Journal of Climate 21: 495516.
McKay, B.J. & Acheson, J., eds (1987) The Question of the Commons: The Culture and Ecology of Community Resources. Tucson, AZ, USA: University of Arizona Press.
Mendoza, E., Perz, S., Schmink, M. & Nepstad, D. (2007 a) Participatory stakeholder workshops to mitigate impacts of road paving in the Southwestern Amazon. Conservation and Society 5: 127.
Mendoza, E., Perz, S., Aguilar, C., Alarcón, G., Brown, I.F., Carballo, J., Chavez, A., Chavez, J., Cullman, G., de los Rios, M., Duchelle, A., Dueñas, H., Ehringhaus, C., Luzar, J., Marsik, M., Mayna, J., Muñante, A., Reis, V. & van Oosten, C. (2007 b) The knowledge exchange train: a model for capacity building for participatory governance. Development in Practice 17: 791799.
Meyer, C.A. (1999) The Economics and Politics of NGOs in Latin America. London, UK: Praeger.
Miles, R.E. & Snow, C.C. (1986) Network organizations: new concepts for new forms. California Management Review 28: 6273.
Monteiro, M. & Keating, E. (2009) Managing misunderstandings: the role of language in interdisciplinary scientific collaboration. Science Communication 31: 628.
Myers, N., Mittermeier, R.A., Mittermeier, C.G., da Fonseca, G.A.B. & Kent, J. (2000) Biodiversity hotpots for conservation priorities. Nature 403: 853858.
Nicholson, C.R., Starfield, A.M., Kofinas, G.P. & Kruse, J.A. (2002) Ten heuristics for interdisciplinary modeling projects. Ecosystems 5: 376384.
Olssen, P., Folke, C. & Hahn, T. (2004) Social-ecological transformation for ecosystem management: the development of adaptive co-management of a wetland landscape in southern Sweden. Ecology and Society 9: 2 [www document]. URL http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol9/iss#/art2/
Ostrom, E. (1990) Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Oughton, E. & Bracken, L. (2009) Interdisciplinary research: framing and reframing. Area 41: 385394.
Pagdee, A., Kim, Y.-S. & Daugherty, P.J. (2006) What makes community forest management successful: a meta-study from community forests throughout the world. Society and Natural Resources 19: 3352.
Pahl-Wostl, C., Sendzimir, J. & Jeffrey, P. (2009) Resources management in transition. Ecology and Society 14: 46 [www document]. URL http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol14/iss#/art46/
Pennington, D. (2008) Cross-disciplinary collaboration and learning. Ecology and Society 13: 8 [www document]. URL http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol13/iss2/art8/
Peterson, G.D., Cumming, G.S. & Carpenter, S.R. (2003) Scenario planning: a tool for conservation in an uncertain world. Conservation Biology 17: 358366.
Phillips, N., Lawrence, T.B. & Hardy, C. (2000) Inter-organizational collaboration and the dynamics of institutional fields. Journal of Management Studies 37: 2343.
Policansky, D. (1999) Interdisciplinary problem solving: the national research council. Policy Sciences 32: 385391.
Pohl, C. (2005) Transdisciplinary collaboration in environmental research. Futures 37: 11591178.
Poncelet, E.C. (2004) Partnering for the Environment: Multi-stakeholder Collaboration in a Changing World. Lanham, MD, USA: Rowman & Littlefield.
Portes, A. (1995) By-passing and trespassing: explorations in boundaries and change. University of Maryland, Urban Studies and Planning Program, Maryland, USA.
Powell, W.W., White, D.R., Koput, K.W. & Owen-Smith, J. (2005) Network dynamics and field evolution: the growth of inter-organizational collaboration in the life sciences. American Journal of Sociology 110: 11321205.
Raadgever, G.T., Mostert, E., Kranz, N., Interwies, E. & Timmerman, J.G. (2009) Assessing management regimes in transboundary river basins: do they support adaptive management? Ecology and Society 13: 14 [www document]. URL http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol13/iss1/art14/
Rhoten, D. & Parker, A. (2004) Risks and rewards of an interdisciplinary research path. Science 306: 2046.
Rhoten, D., O'Connor, E. & Hackett, E.J. (2009) The act of collaborative creation and the art of integrative creativity: originality, disciplinarity, and interdisciplinarity. Thesis Eleven 96: 83108.
Ribeiro, N.F. (2005) A Questão Geopolítica na Amazônia: Da Soberania Difusa à Soberania Restrita. Brasília, Brazil: Senado Federal.
Rioja, G. (2005) Antropología de frontera: Investigación acción en la región trinacional MAP. Revista de Antropología Iberoamericana 43: 115.
Schellenberger, M. & Nordhaus, T. (2004) The Death of Environmentalism: Global Warming Politics in a Post-Environmental World [www document]. URL http://www.thebreakthrough.org/images/Death_of_Environmentalism.pdf
Schoenberger, E. (2001) Interdisciplinarity and social power. Progress in Human Geography 25: 365382.
Senge, P.M. (1990) The Fifth Discipline: The Art and Practice of the Learning Organization. New York, NY, USA: Doubleday/Currency.
Senier, L., Hudson, B., Fort, S., Hoover, E., Tillson, R. & Brown, P. (2008) Brown superfunds basic research program: a multi-stakeholder partnership addresses real-world problems. Environment, Science and Technology 42: 46554662.
Shackleton, C.M., Cundill, G. & Knight, A.T. (2009) Beyond just research: experiences from southern Africa in developing social learning partnerships for resource conservation initiatives. Biotropica 41: 563570.
Shanley, P. & Lopez, C. (2009) Out of the loop: why research rarely reaches policy makers and the public, and what can be done. Biotropica 41: 535544.
Shine, K.P. (2009) The global warming potential and the need for an interdisciplinary retrial. Climatic Change 96: 467472.
Shutkin, W.A. (2000) The Land That Could Be: Environmentalism and Democracy in the Twenty-First Century. Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press.
Stewart, A. & Gray, T. (2006) The authenticity of ‘type two’ multi-stakeholder partnerships for water and sanitation in Africa: when is a stakeholder a partner? Environmental Politics 15: 362378.
Stroup, R.L. & Goodman, S.L. (1992) Property rights, environmental resources, and the future. Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy 15: 427455.
Thompson, P.M., Sultana, P. & Islam, N. (2003) Lessons from community based management of floodplain fisheries in Bangladesh. Journal of Environmental Management 69: 307321.
Toledo, A.P. (2006) Amazônia: Soberania ou Internacionalização. Belo Horizonte, Brazil: UFMG.
Van Oosten, C. 2004. Fading Frontiers? Local Development and Cross-border Partnerships in Southwest Amazonia. Utrecht, the Netherlands: University of Utrecht.
Velasquez Runk, J. (2009) Social and river networks for the trees: Wounaan's Riverine Rhizomic Cosmos and arboreal civilization. American Anthropologist 111: 456467.
Walters, C. (1986) Adaptive Management of Renewable Resources. New York, NY, USA: MacMillan.
Werbach, A. (2004) Is environmentalism dead? [www document]. URL http://deathofenvironmentalism.com/documents/awer-bach_ied_final.pdf.
Wesselink, A. (2009) The emergence of interdisciplinary knowledge in problem-focused research. Area 41: 404413.
Western, D. & Wright, M.R., eds (1994) Natural Connections: Perspectives in Community-based Conservation. Washington, DC, USA: Island Press.
Wilson, E.O. (1998) Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge. New York, NY, USA: Knopf.
Wollenberg, E., Iwan, R., Limberg, G., Moeliono, M., Rhee, S. & Sudana, M. (2007) Facilitating cooperation during times of chaos: spontaneous orders and muddling through in Malinau District, Indonesia. Ecology and Society 12: 3 [www document]. URL http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol12/iss1/art3/
Wollenberg, E., Campbell, B., Dounias, E., Gunarso, P., Moeliono, M. & Sheil, D. (2009) Interactive land-use planning in Indonesian rain-forest landscapes: reconnecting plans to practice. Ecology and Society 14: 35 [www document]. URL http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol14/iss1/art35/
Wondolleck, J.M. & Yaffee, S.L. (2000) Making Collaboration Work: Lessons from Innovation in Natural Resource Management. Washington, DC, USA: Island Press.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Environmental Conservation
  • ISSN: 0376-8929
  • EISSN: 1469-4387
  • URL: /core/journals/environmental-conservation
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed