Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 1
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Ming'ate, Felix Lamech Mogambi and Bollig, Michael 2016. Local Rules and Their Enforcement in the Arabuko-Sokoke Forest Reserve Co-Management Arrangement in Kenya. Journal of East African Natural History, Vol. 105, Issue. 1, p. 1.


    ×

Eco-bursaries as incentives for conservation around Arabuko-Sokoke Forest, Kenya

  • MICHELLE M. JACKSON (a1) and LISA NAUGHTON-TREVES (a2)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0376892912000161
  • Published online: 01 June 2012
Abstract
SUMMARY

Incentives used to encourage local residents to support conservation range from integrated conservation and development projects (ICDPs), which indirectly connect improved livelihoods with biodiversity protection, to direct payments for ecosystem services (PES). A unique hybrid between these two strategies, the Arabuko-Sokoke Schools and Ecotourism Scheme (ASSETS), provides secondary-school bursaries to encourage stewardship of a biodiverse highly-imperiled Kenyan forest. Household surveys and semi-structured interviews were used to assess the effectiveness of ASSETS by comparing attitudes and perceptions toward the forest among scheme beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries. The most commonly identified benefit of the forest was resource extraction (for example fuelwood), followed by ecosystem services (such as source of rain). Those in favour of forest clearing tended not to be ASSETS beneficiaries, were less-educated, and were less likely to mention ecosystem services and tourism as forest benefits. ASSETS appears to shape pro-conservation attitudes among beneficiaries and foster a sense of responsibility toward the forest. Challenges for ASSETS are similar to those faced by many conservation and development projects, namely unsteady funding and the risk that the extremely poor may be overlooked. ASSETS may serve as an effective hybrid between the PES and ICDP approaches, and such educational support provides a promising conservation incentive.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Correspondence: Dr Michelle M. Jackson Tel: +1 828 734 4460 e-mail: mgooch@wisc.edu
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

W.M. Adams , R. Aveling , D. Brockington , B. Dickson , J. Elliott , J. Hutton , D. Roe , B. Vira & W. Wolmer (2004) Biodiversity conservation and the eradication of poverty. Science 306: 11461149.

K. Archabald & L. Naughton-Treves (2001). Tourism revenue-sharing around national parks in Western Uganda: early efforts to identify and reward local communities. Environmental Conservation 28: 135149.

N. Byron & M. Arnold (1999) What futures for the people of the tropical forest? World Development 27: 789805.

L.M. Campbell & A. Vainio-Mattila (2003) Participatory development and community-based conservation: opportunities missed for lessons learned? Human Ecology 31: 417438.

E. Corbera , N. Kosoy & M.M. Tuna (2007) Equity implications of marketing ecosystem services in protected areas and rural communities: case studies from Meso-America. Global Environmental Change 17: 265380.

P. Ferraro & A. Kiss (2002) Direct payments for biodiversity conservation. Science 298: 17181719

P. Ferraro & R.D. Simpson (2002). The cost-effectiveness of conservation payments. Land Economics 78: 339353.

B. Fisher & T. Christopher (2007) Poverty and biodiversity: measuring the overlap of human poverty and the biodiversity hotspots. Ecological Economics 62: 93101.

C.D. Fitzgibbon , H. Mogaka & J.H. Fanshawe (1995) Subsistence hunting in Arabuko-Sokoke Forest, Kenya, and its effects on mammal populations. Conservation Biology 9: 11161126.

M.C. Gavin , J.N. Solomon & S.G. Blank (2010) Measuring and monitoring illegal use of natural resources. Conservation Biology 24: 89100.

I. Gordon & W. Ayiemba (2003) Harnessing butterfly biodiversity for improving livelihoods and forest conservation: the Kipepeo Project. The Journal of Environment and Development 12: 82.

H.M. Gunatilake (1998) The role of rural development in protecting tropical rainforests: evidence from Sri Lanka. Journal of Environmental Management 53: 273292.

R. Hegde & T. Enters (2000) Forest products and household economy: a case study from Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary, Southern India. Environmental Conservation 27: 250259.

B.K. Jack , C. Kousky & K.R.E. Sims (2008) Designing payments for ecosystem services: lessons from previous experience with incentive-based mechanisms. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 105: 94659470.

K.K. Karanth & R. DeFries (2011) Nature-based tourism in Indian protected areas: new challenges for park management. Conservation Letters 4: 137149.

N. Myers , R.A. Mittermeier , C.G. Mittermeier , G.A.B. da Fonseca & J. Kent (2000) Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities. Nature 403: 853858.

L. Naughton-Treves (1997) Farming the forest edge: vulnerable places and people around Kibale National Park, Uganda. Geographical Review 87: 2746.

L. Naughton-Treves (1998) Predicting patterns of crop damage by wildlife around Kibale National Park, Uganda. Conservation Biology 12: 156168.

W.D. Newmark (2008) Isolation of African protected areas. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 6: 321328.

W.D. Newmark & J.L. Hough (2000) Conserving wildlife in Africa: integrated conservation and development projects and beyond. BioScience 50: 585592.

E. Niesten & R. Rice (2004) Sustainable forest management and conservation incentive agreements. The International Forestry Review 6: 5660.

C.E. O'Connell-Rodwell , T. Rodwell , M. Rice & L.A. Hart (2000) Living with the modern conservation paradigm: can agricultural communities co-exist with elephants? A five-year case study in East Caprivi, Namibia. Biological Conservation 93: 381391.

A.J. Sinclair , S.A. Collins & H. Spaling (2011) The role of participant learning in community conservation in the Arabuko-Sokoke Forest, Kenya. Conservation and Society 9: 4253.

S. Wunder (2007) The efficiency of payments for environmental services in tropical conservation. Conservation Biology 21: 4858.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Environmental Conservation
  • ISSN: 0376-8929
  • EISSN: 1469-4387
  • URL: /core/journals/environmental-conservation
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords: