Antona, M., Biénabe, E.M., Salles, J.-M., Péchard, G., Aubert, S. & Ratsimbarison, R. (2004) Rights transfers in Madagascar biodiversity policies: achievements and significance. Environment and Development Economics 9: 825–47.
Baker, M. & Kusel, J. (2003). Community Forestry in the United States: Learning from the Past, Crafting the Future. Washington, DC, USA: Island Press.
Barnes, J.I. & Macgregor, J. (2002) Economic efficiency and incentives for change within Namibia's community wildlife use initiatives. World Development 30: 667–681.
Berkes, F. (1989) Common-property Resources. Ecology and Community-Based Sustainable Development. London, UK: Belhaven Press.
Berkes, F. (2004) Rethinking Community-based Conservation. Conservation Biology. 18 (3): 621–630
Berkes, F. (2007) Community-based conservation in a globalized world. PNAS 104 (39): 15188–15193.
Blaikie, P. (2006) Is small really beautiful? Community-based natural resource management in Malawi and Botswana. World Development 34: 1942–1957.
Brandon, K.E. & Wells, M. (1992) Planning for people and parks: design dilemmas. World Development 20: 557–70.
Bray, D., Merino-Perez, L. & Barry, D., eds (2005) The Community Forests of Mexico. Austin, TX, USA: University of Texas Press.
Brechin, S., Wilshusen, P., Fortwangler, C. & West, P. (2002) Beyond the square wheel: toward a more comprehensive understanding of biodiversity conservation as a social and political process. Society and Natural Resources 15: 41–64.
Brockington, D., Duffy, D. & Igoe, J. (2008) Nature Unbound. Conservation, Capitalism and the Future of Protected Areas. London, UK: Earthscan.
Brockington, D. & Igoe, J. (2006) Eviction for conservation. Conservation and Society 4: 424–70.
Brokensha, D., Warren, D.M. & Werner, O., eds (1980) African Rural Development: Indigenous Knowledge Systems and Development. Lanham, USA: University Press of America.
Brosius, P. (1999) Analyses and interventions: anthropological engagements with environmentalism. Current Anthropology 40: 277–309.
Brosius, P., Tsing, A, & Zerner, C. (1998) Representing communities: histories and politics of community-based natural resource management. Society and Natural Resources 11: 157–168.
Brosius, P., Tsing, A. & Zerner, C. (2005) Communities and Conservation: Histories and Politics of Community-Based Natural Resource Management. New York, NY, USA: Altamira Press.
Bullock, R. & Hanna, K. (2008) Community forestry: creating or mitigating conflict in British Columbia? Society and Natural Resources 21: 71–85.
Campbell, L. & Vainio-Mattila, A. (2003) Participatory development and community-based conservation: opportunities missed for lessons learned? Human Ecology 31: 417–437.
Carson, R. (1962) Silent Spring. Boston, MA, USA: Houghton Mifflin.
Chambers, R. (1983) Rural Development: Putting the Last First. London, UK: Longman.
Cocks, M., Dold, A. & Grundy, I. (2001) Challenges facing a community structure to implement CBNRM in the Eastern Cape South Africa. African Studies Quarterly 5 [www document]. URL http://web.africa.ufl.edu/asq/v5/v5i3a4.htm
Conklin, B. & Graham, L. (1995) The shifting middle ground: Amazonian Indians and ecopolitics. American Anthropologist 97: 695–709.
Cooke, B. & Kothari, U. (2001) Participation: The New Tyranny? London, UK: Zed Books.
Corson, C.A. (2008) Mapping the development machine: the US Agency for International Development's biodiversity conservation agenda in Madagascar. Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA.
Cronon, W. (1995) The trouble with wilderness; or, getting back to the wrong nature. In: Uncommon Ground: Rethinking the Human Place in Nature, ed. Cronon, W., pp. 69–90. New York, NY, USA: W. W. Norton & Co.
Davis, E.J. (2008). New promises, new possibilities? Comparing community forestry in Canada and Mexico. BC Journal of Ecosystems and Management 9 (2): 11–25.
Dowie, M. (2009) Conservation Refugees. The Hundred-Year Conflict between Global Conservation and Native Peoples. Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press.
Dressler, W. (2006) Co-opting conservation: migrant resource control and access to national park management in the Philippine uplands. Development and Change 37: 401–426.
Duffy, R. (2006) Non-governmental organisations and governance states: the impact of transnational environmental management networks in Madagascar. Environmental Politics 15: 731–49.
Escobar, A. (1998) Whose knowledge, whose nature? Biodiversity, conservation, and the political ecology of social movements. Journal of Political Ecology 5: 53–82.
Fabricius, C. & de Wet, C. (2002) The influence of forced removals and land restitution on conservation in South Africa. In: Conservation and Mobile Indigenous Peoples. Displacement, Forced Settlement, and Sustainable Development, ed. Chatty, D. & Colchester, M., pp. ?–?. New York, NY, USA: Berghahn Books.
Fabricius, C., Koch, E., Magome, H. & Turner, S., eds (2004) Rights Resources and Rural Development. Community-based Natural Resource Management in Southern Africa. London, UK: Earthscan.
Fals-Borda, O. (1987) The application of participatory research in Latin America. International Sociology 2 (4): 329–347.
Gilmour, D.A & Fisher, R.J. (1991) Villagers, Forests and Foresters: The Philosophy, Process and Practice of Community Forestry in Nepal. Kathmandu, Nepal: Sahayogi Press.
Hall, B. (1981) Participatory research, popular knowledge and power: a personal reflection. Convergence: An International Journal of Adult Education 14: 6–19.
Hayes, T.M. (2007) Does tenure matter? A comparative analysis of agricultural expansion in the Mosquitia forest corridor. Human Ecology 35: 733–747.
Hayes, T.M. (2008) The robustness of indigenous common-property systems to frontier expansion: institutional interplay in the Mosquitia. Conservation and Society 6: 117–129.
Hilhorst, D. (2003) The Real World of NGOs: Discourses, Diversity and Development. London, UK & New York, NY, USA: Zed Books.
Horowitz, L. (1998) Integrating indigenous resource management with wildlife conservation: a case-study of Batang Ai National Park, Sarawak, Malaysia. Human Ecology 26: 371–403.
Hufty, M. & Muttenzer, F. (2002) Devoted friends: the implementation of the convention on biological diversity in Madagascar. In: Governing Global Biodiversity, ed. Le Prestre, P. G., pp. 285–314. London, UK: Ashgate.
Hutton, J., Adams, W.M. & Murombedzi, J.C. (2005). Back to the barriers? Changing narratives in biodiversity conservation. Forum for Development Studies 2: 341–370.
Igoe, J. (2005) Global indigenism and Spaceship Earth. Globalization 2 (3): 377–390.
Igoe, J. & Brockington, D. (2007) Neoliberal conservation: a brief introduction. Conservation and Society 5 (4): 432–449.
Johnson, C. & Forsyth, T. (2002) In the eyes of the state: negotiating a rights-based approach to forest conservation in Thailand. World Development 30: 1591–1605.
Kellert, S., Mehta, J., Ebbin, S. & Lichtenfeld, L. (2000) Community natural resources management: promise, rhetoric and reality. Society and Natural Resources 13: 705–715.
Le Roy, E., Bertrand, A. & Montagne, P. (2006) Gestion locale des ressources renouvelables et sécurisation foncière à Madagascar. In: L'Etat et la gestion locale durable des forêts en Afrique francophone et à Madagascar, ed. Bertrand, A., Montagne, P. & Karsenty, A., pp. 368–96. Paris, France: L'Harmattan.
Lewis, D. & Mosse, D. (2006) Encountering order and disjuncture: contemporary anthropological perspectives on the organization of development. Oxford Development Studies 34: 1–13.
Li, T. (2002) Engaging simplifications: community based resource management, market processes and state agendas in upland Southeast Asia. World Development 30 (2): 265–283.
Li, T. (2007) The Will to Improve: Governmentality, Development, and the Practice of Politics. Durham, NC, USA: Duke University Press.
MacKenzie, J.M. (1988) The Empire of Nature. Hunting, Conservation and British Imperialism. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press.
Marcus, R. (2001) Seeing the forest for the trees: integrated conservation and development projects and local perceptions of conservation in Madagascar. Human Ecology 29: 381–397.
Marie, C.N., Sibelet, N., Dulcire, M., Rafalimaro, M., Danthu, P. & Carrière, S. (2009) Taking into account local practices and indigenous knowledge in an emergency conservation context in Madagascar. Biodiversity Conservation 18: 2759–2777.
Marks, S. (2008) On the ground and in the villages: a cacophony of voices assessing a ’community-based’ wildlife program after 18 years. Munyamadzi Game Management Area Central Luangwa Valley Zambia. Unpublished Report for Mipashi Associates. Sand County Foundation/Bradley Fund for the Environment.
McCarthy, J. (2005) Devolution in the woods: community forestry as hybrid neoliberalism. Environment and Planning A 37: 99–1014.
McCarthy, J. (2006) Neoliberalism and the politics of alternatives: community forestry in British Columbia and the United States. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 96: 84–104.
Montagne, P. & Ramamonjisoa, B. (2006) Politiques forestières à Madagascar: entre répression et autonomie des acteurs. Économie Rurale 294–295: 9–26.
Montagne, P., Razanamaharo, Z. & Cooke, A., eds (2007) Le Transfert de Gestion à Madagascar; dix ans d'efforts: Tanteza. Montpellier, France: CIRAD.
Mosse, D. (2005) Cultivating Development. An Ethnography of Aid Policy and Practice. London, UK: Pluto Press.
Murphree, M. (2004) Resource management in Africa: from whence to where? Keynote address to Breslauer Graduate Student Symposium, Berkeley, California, 5 March 2004 [www document]. URL http://www.escholarship.org/uc/item/3mw325br
Nash, R. (1967) Wilderness and the American Mind. New Haven, CT, USA: Yale University Press.
Neumann, R. (1998) Imposing Wilderness. Berkeley, CA, USA: University of California Press.
Neumann, R. (2001) Africa's ‘last wilderness’ reordering space for political and economic control in colonial Tanzania. Africa 71: 641–665.
Neumann, R. (2002) The postwar conservation boom in British Colonial Africa. Environmental History 7 (1): 22–47.
Neumann, R. (2004) Moral and discursive geographies in the war for biodiversity in Africa. Political Geography 23: 813–837.
Ostrom, E. (1990) Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Pagiola, S., Arcenas, A. & Platais, G. (2005) Can payments for environmental services help reduce poverty? An exploration of the issues and the evidence to date from Latin America. World Development 33 (2): 237–253.
Peluso, N. (1993) Coercing conservation? The politics of state resource control. Global Environmental Change 3: 199–218.
Pollini, J. (2007) Slash-and-burn cultivation and deforestation in the Malagasy rain forests: representations and realities. Ph.D. dissertation, Cornell University, Ithaca, USA.
Quarles van Ufford, P., Kumar, A. & Mosse, D. (2003) Interventions in development: towards a new moral understanding of our experiences and an agenda for the future. In: A Moral Critique of Development: In Search of Global Responsibilities, ed. van Ufford, P. Quarles & Giri, A., pp. 3–43. London, UK: Routledge.
Ryan, J. & Robinson, M. (1990) Implementing participatory action research in the Canadian north: a case study of the Gwich'n in language and cultural project. Culture 10: 57–71.
Schroeder, R. (1999) Community, forestry and conditionality in the Gambia. Africa 69: 1–22.
Shrestha, K.K. & McManus, P. (2007) The embeddedness of community forestry in Nepal. Journal of Smallscale Forestry 6: 273–290.
Shrestha, K. K. & McManus, P. (2008) The politics of community participation in natural resource management: lessons from community forestry in Nepal. Australian Forestry 71: 135–146.
Simpson, L. (2001) Aboriginal peoples and knowledge: decolonizing our processes. The Canadian Journal of Native Studies 21: 137–148.
Soule, M. & Lease, G. (1995) Reinventing Nature? Responses to Post-modernism. Washington, DC, USA: Island Press.
Stevens, S. (1997) Conservation through Cultural Survival: Indigenous Peoples and Protected Areas. Washington, DC, USA: Island Press.
Stocks, A. (1996) The Bosawas Natural Reserve and the Mayangna of Nicaragua. In Traditional Peoples and Biodiversity Conservation in Large Tropical Landscapes, ed. Redford, K. & Mansour, J., pp. 1–30. Washington, DC, USA: America Verde Publications.
Stocks, A. (2003) Mapping dreams in Nicaragua's Bosawas Reserve. Human Organization 62: 344–356.
Stocks, A., McMahan, B. & Taber, P. (2007) Indigenous, colonist and government impacts on Nicaragua's Bosawas Reserve. Conservation Biology 21: 1495–1505.
Toillier, A., Lardon, S. & Hervé, D. (2008) An environmental governance support tool: community-based forest management contracts (Madagascar). International Journal of Sustainable Development 11: 187–205.
Vitug, M. (2000) Forest policy and national politics. In: Forest Policy and Politics in the Philippines. The Dynamic of Participatory Conservation. ed. Utting, P., pp. 11–40. Quezon City, Philippines: Anteneo De Manila University Press.
WCED (1987) Our Common Future. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Weber, J. (1995) L'occupation humaine des aires protégées à Madagascar: diagnostic et éléments pour une gestion viable. Natures Sciences Sociétés 3: 157–64.
West, P. (2007) Conservation is our Government. The Politics of Ecology in Papua New Guinea. Durham, NC, USA: Duke University Press.
West, P. & Brechin, S. (1991) Resident Peoples and National Parks: Social Dilemmas and Strategies in International Conservation. Tuscon, AZ, USA: University of Arizona Press.
Western, D. & Wright, M. (1994) Natural Connections: Perspectives in Community-based Conservation. Washington, DC, USA: Island Press.
Wilshusen, P., Brechin, S., Fortwangler, C. & West, P. (2002) Reinventing a square wheel: critique of a resurgent ‘protection paradigm’ in international biodiversity conservation. Society and Natural Resources 15: 17–40.
Wittayapak, C. & Dearden, P. (1999) Decision-making arrangements in community-based watershed management in northern Thailand. Society and Natural Resources 12 (7): 673–691.