Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Social values and species conservation: the case of Baudin's and Carnaby's black-cockatoos

  • GILLIAN B. AINSWORTH (a1), HEATHER J. ASLIN (a1), MICHAEL A. WESTON (a2) and STEPHEN T. GARNETT (a1)
Summary

We investigated how the socio–political and ecological environment are associated with the conservation management strategies for two rare, endemic and almost identical Australian white-tailed black-cockatoos: Baudin's (Calyptorhynchus baudinii) and Carnaby's black-cockatoo (C. latirostris). Substantially less investment and action has occurred for Baudin's black-cockatoo. Interviews with key informants revealed that this disparity has probably arisen because Baudin's black-cockatoo has long been considered a pest to the apple industry, lives primarily in tall forests and has had little research undertaken on its biology and threats. By contrast, Carnaby's black-cockatoo has been the subject of one of the longest running research projects in Australia, is highly visible within the urban environment and does not appear to affect the livelihoods of any strong stakeholder group. We suggest the social context within which recovery efforts occur could be an important determinant in species persistence. We argue that social research is fundamental to a better understanding of the nature of efforts to conserve particular species, the factors associated with these efforts and their likelihood of success.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Correspondence: gill.ainsworth@cdu.edu.au
References
Hide All
Ainsworth, G.B. (2014) Valuing birds: understanding the relationship between social values and the conservation of Australian threatened avifauna. PhD thesis, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Australia.
Ainsworth, G.B, Aslin, H.J., Weston, M.A. & Garnett, S.T. (2015) Do social values influence levels of conservation effort in threatened species? The case of two Australian chats. Oryx 1–10.
Allchin, R., Kirkpatrick, J. & Kriwoken, L. (2013) On not protecting the parrot: impact of conservation and planning legislation on an endangered species in Tasmania. Journal of International Wildlife Law & Policy 16: 81104.
Aslin, H.J. & Bennett, D.H. (2000) Wildlife and world views: Australian attitudes towards wildlife. Human Dimensions of Wildlife 5: 1535.
Australian Bureau of Statistics (2007) AP industry factsheet Western Australia. Canberra, Australia: Australian Bureau of Statistics.
Australian Network of Environmental Defenders Offices (ANEDO) (2014) Assessment of the adequacy of threatened species & planning laws. Sydney, Australia: Australian Network of Environmental Defenders Offices Inc.
Ballard, G. (2005) Understanding people to improve wildlife management. Case studies in human dimensions research from NSW, Australia. PhD thesis, University of New England, Armidale, Australia.
Australia, BirdLife (2016) Southwest Black-Cockatoo Recovery Program. [www document]. URL http://birdlife.org.au/projects/southwest-black-cockatoo-recovery
Bowen-Jones, E. & Entwistle, A. (2002) Identifying appropriate flagship species: the importance of culture and local contexts. Oryx 36: 189195.
Carlos, E.H., Gibson, M. & Weston, M.A. (2014) Weeds and wildlife: perceptions and practices of weed managers. Conservation and Society 12: 5464.
Carnaby, I.C (1948) Variations in the white-tailed black-cockatoo. Western Australian Naturalist 1: 136138.
Cary, J., Webb, T. & Barr, N. (2002) Understanding landholders’ capacity to change to sustainable development practices. Canberra, Australia: Bureau of Rural Sciences.
Chan, K.M.A. (2008) Value and advocacy in conservation biology: crisis discipline or discipline in crisis? Conservation Biology 22: 13.
Chapman, T. (2007) An endangered species that is also a pest: a case study of Baudin's Cockatoo Calyptorhynchus baudinii and the pome fruit industry in south-west Western Australia. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 90: 3340.
Chapman, T. (2008) Forest black cockatoo (Baudin's Cockatoo Calyptorhynchus baudinii and Forest Red-tailed black cockatoo Calyptorhynchus banksii naso) recovery plan 2007–2016. Perth, Australia: Department of Environment and Conservation.
Clark, T.W. & Wallace, R.L. (1998) Understanding the human factor in endangered species recovery: an introduction to human social process. Endangered Species Update 15: 29.
Coates, D.J. & Atkins, K.A. (2001) Priority setting and the conservation of Western Australia's diverse and highly endemic flora. Biological Conservation 97: 251263.
Department of Parks and Wildlife (DPaW) (2013) Carnaby's cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus latirostris) recovery plan. Perth, Australia: Department of Parks and Wildlife.
Department of State Development (DSD) (2012) Western Australia economic profile – February 2012. Perth, Australia: Department of State Development, Government of Western Australia.
Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Populations and Community (DSEWPaC) (2012) EPBC Act referral guidelines for three threatened black cockatoo species. Canberra, Australia: Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities.
Department of the Environment (DoE) (2014a) Calyptorhynchus baudinii – Baudin's black-cockatoo, long-billed black-cockatoo. [www document]. URL http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi-bin/sprat/public/publicspecies.pl?taxon_id=769.html
Department of the Environment (DoE) (2014b) Calyptorhynchus latirostris – Carnaby's black-cockatoo, short-billed black-cockatoo. [www document]. URL http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi-bin/sprat/public/publicspecies.pl?taxon_id=59523.html
Garnett, S.T., Crowley, G.M. & Balmford, A. (2003) The costs and effectiveness of funding the conservation of Australian threatened birds. BioScience 53: 658665.
Garnett, S.T., Szabo, J. & Dutson, G. (2011) The action plan for Australian birds 2010. Melbourne, Australia: CSIRO Publishing.
Godden, L. & Peel, J. (2007) The Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (Cth): dark sides of virtue. [www document]. URL http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/journals/MULR/2007/5.html
Holmes, T.Q. (2013) Analysis of the institutional arrangements for the management of Australia's threatened birds. PhD thesis, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.
Hunter, L. & Rinner, L. (2004) The association between environmental perspective and knowledge and concern with species diversity. Society and Natural Resources 17: 517532.
Hytten, K.F. & Burns, G.L. (2007) Deconstructing dingo management on Fraser Island, Queensland: the significance of social constructionism for effective wildlife management. Australasian Journal of Environmental Management 14: 4857.
Jackson, C. (2009) Assessing and quantifying canola crop damage by Carnaby's black-cockatoo Calyptorhynchus latirostris in the south-west of Western Australia. MSc Thesis, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.
Jepson, P. & Canney, S. (2003) Values-led conservation. Global Ecology and Biogeography 12: 271274.
Johnstone, R.E & Kirkby, T. (2008) Distribution, status, social organisation, movements and conservation of Baudin's cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus baudinii) in south-west Western Australia. Records of the Western Australia Museum 25: 107118.
Kluckhohn, C. (1962) Values and value orientations in the theory of action: an exploration in definition and classification. In: Toward a General Theory of Action, ed. Parsons, T. & Shils, E.A., pp. 388433. Cambridge, USA: Harvard University Press.
Le Souëf, A.T, Stojanovic, D., Burbidge, A.H, Vitali, S.D., Heinsohn, R., Dawson, R. & Warren, K.S. (2013) Retention of transmitter attachments on black cockatoos (‘Calyptorhynchus’ spp.). Pacific Conservation Biology 19: 5557.
Leiserowitz, A.A., Kates, R.W. & Parris, T.M. (2006) Sustainability values, attitudes and behaviors: a review of multinational and global trends. Annual Review of Environment and Resources 31: 413444.
Lockwood, M., Mitchell, M., Moore, S.A. & Clement, S. (2014) Biodiversity governance and social-ecological system dynamics: transformation in the Australian Alps. Ecology and Society 19: 13.
Mascia, M.B., Brosius, J.P., Dobson, T.A., Forbes, B.C., Horowitz, L., McKean, M.A. & Turner, N.J. (2003) Conservation and the social sciences. Conservation Biology 17: 649650.
McCarthy, M.A., Thompson, C.J. & Garnett, S.T. (2008) Optimal investment in conservation of species. Journal of Applied Ecology 45: 14281435.
McDonald, J., Carwardine, J., Joseph, L., Klein, C., Rout, T., Watson, J., Garnett, S., McCarthy, M. & Possingham, H. (2015) Improving policy efficiency and effectiveness to save more species: a case study of the megadiverse country Australia. Biological Conservation 182: 102108.
Minichiello, V., Aroni, R. & Hays, T. (2008) In-depth interviewing: principles, techniques, analysis. Melbourne, Australia: Pearson Education Australia.
Potts, A. (2009) Kiwis against possums: a critical analysis of anti-possum rhetoric in Aotearoa New Zealand. Society & Animals 17: 120.
Redpath, S.M., Young, J., Evely, A., Adams, W.M., Sutherland, W.J., Whitehouse, A., Amar, A., Lambert, R.A., Linnell, J.D.C., Watt, A. & Gutierrez, R.J. (2013). Understanding and managing conservation conflicts. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 28: 100109.
Restani, M. & Marzluff, J.M. (2002) Funding extinction? Biological needs and political realities in the allocation of resources to endangered species recovery. Bioscience 52: 169177.
Ryder, R.D. (2000) Animal revolution. Changing attitudes towards speciesism. Oxford, UK: Basil Blackwell.
Sandbrook, C., Adams, W.M., Büscher, B. & Vira, B. (2013) Social research and biodiversity conservation. Conservation Biology 27: 14871490.
Satterfield, T. (2001) In search of value literacy: suggestions for the elicitation of environmental values. Environmental Values 10: 331359.
Saunders, D.A. & Ingram, J.A. (1998) Twenty-eight years of monitoring a breeding population of Carnaby's cockatoo. Pacific Conservation Biology 4: 261271.
Saunders, D.A. (1974) Subspeciation in the white-tailed black cockatoo, Calyptorhynchus baudinii, in Western Australia. Australian Wildlife Research 1: 5569.
Saunders, D.A. (1979) Distribution and taxonomy of the white-tailed and yellow-tailed black-cockatoos Calyptorhynchus spp. Emu 79: 215227.
Saunders, D.A., Mawson, P.R. & Dawson, R. (2014a) Use of tree hollows by Carnaby's cockatoo and the fate of large hollow-bearing trees at Coomallo Creek, Western Australia 1969–2013. Biological Conservation 177: 185193.
Saunders, D.A., Mawson, P.R. & Dawson, R. (2014b) One fledgling or two in the endangered Carnaby's cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus latirostris) – a strategy for survival or legacy from a bygone era? Conservation Physiology 2: 117.
Saunders, D.A., Wintle, B.A., Mawson, P.R. & Dawson, R. (2013) Egg-laying and rainfall synchrony in an endangered bird species; implications for conservation in a changing climate. Biological Conservation 161: 19.
Schultz, P.W. (2011) Conservation means behaviour. Conservation Biology 25: 10801083.
Schwartz, S.H. (2006) A theory of cultural value orientations: explication and applications. Comparative Sociology 5: 137182.
Soulé, M.E. (1985) What is conservation biology? BioScience 35: 727734.
Stake, R.E. (2006) Multiple case study analysis. New York, USA: The Guildford Press.
Teel, T.L. & Manfredo, M.J. (2009) Understanding the diversity of public interests in wildlife conservation. Conservation Biology 24: 128139.
Tranter, B. (2012) Social and political influences on environmentalism in Australia. Journal of Sociology 48: 118.
Vertebrate Pests Committee (2007) List of exotic vertebrate animals in Australia. Canberra, Australia: Department of the Environment and Heritage.
Museum, WA (2012) Cockatoo care [www document]. URL http://museum.wa.gov.au/explore/online-exhibitions/cockatoo-care.html
Weston, M.A., Fendley, M., Jewell, R., Satchell, M. & Tzaros, C. (2003) Volunteers in bird conservation: insights from the Australian Threatened Bird Network. Ecological Management & Restoration 4: 205211.
Weston, M., Miller, D.K., Lawson, J. & Ehmke, G.C. (2012) Hope for resurrecting a functionally extinct parrot or squandered social capital? Landholder attitudes towards the orange-bellied parrot (Neophema chrysogaster) in Victoria, Australia. Conservation and Society 10: 381385.
Weston, M.A., Silcocks, A., Tzaros, C. & Ingwerson, D. (2006) A survey of contributors to an Australian bird atlassing project: demography, skills and motivation. Australian Journal on Volunteering 11: 5258.
White, N. (2011) Molecular approaches used to infer evolutionary history, taxonomy, population structure, and illegal trade of white-tailed black-cockatoos (Calytorhynchus spp.) in Australia. PhD thesis, Murdoch University, Perth, Australia.
Yarwood, M.R., Weston, M.A. & Garnett, S.T. (2014) From little things, big things grow; trends and fads in 110 years of Australian ornithology. Scientometrics 98: 22352254.
Yin, R.K. (2003) Case study research: design and methods, 3rd Edition, Applied Social Research Method Series, Volume 5. California, USA: Sage.
Young, J.C., Marzano, M., White, R.M., McCracken, D.I., Redpath, S.M., Carss, D.N., Quine, C.P. & Watt, A.D. (2010). The emergence of biodiversity conflicts from biodiversity impacts: characteristics and management strategies. Biodiversity and Conservation 19: 39733990.
Zander, K.K., Ainsworth, G., Meyerhoff, J. & Garnett, S.T. (2014) Threatened bird valuation in Australia. PLoS ONE 9: e100411.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Environmental Conservation
  • ISSN: 0376-8929
  • EISSN: 1469-4387
  • URL: /core/journals/environmental-conservation
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Type Description Title
WORD
Supplementary materials

Ainsworth supplementary material
Ainsworth supplementary material 1

 Word (23 KB)
23 KB

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 22
Total number of PDF views: 137 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 643 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 16th August 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.