This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
1.E Hayes , D Gubler . West Nile virus: epidemiology and clinical features of an emerging epidemic in the United States. Annual Review of Medicine 2006; 57: 181–194.
2.DWC Beasley , ADT Barrett . Virulence of West Nile virus in different animal hosts. In MS Diamond , ed. West Nile Encephalitis Virus Infection. New York: Springer, 2009, pp. 137–153.
. West Nile virus. Journal of the American Medical Association
2003; 290: 524.
4.K Fonseca , West Nile virus infection and conjunctival exposure. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2005: 11: 1648–1649.
5.K Gyure . West Nile virus infections. Journal of Neuropathology & Experimental Neurology 2009; 68: 1053.
6.D Nash , The outbreak of West Nile virus infection in the New York City area in 1999. New England Journal of Medicine 2001; 344: 1807.
7.M Giladi , West Nile encephalitis in Israel, 1999: the New York connection. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2001; 7: 659.
8.R Lanciotti , Origin of the West Nile virus responsible for an outbreak of encephalitis in the northeastern United States. Science 1999; 286: 2333.
. Viral antibodies in preschool children from the Caspian area, Iran. Iranian Journal of Public Health
1974; 3: 83–91.
11.G Huhn , M Dworkin . Rash as a prognostic factor in West Nile virus disease. Clinical Infectious Diseases 2006; 43: 388–389.
The West Nile virus outbreak of 1999 in New York: the Flushing hospital experience. Clinical Infectious Diseases
2000; 30: 413–418.
Clinical characteristics of the West Nile fever outbreak, Israel, 2000. Emerging Infectious Diseases
2001; 7: 675.
. West Nile virus: an overview of its spread in Europe and the Mediterranean basin in contrast to its spread in the Americas. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
2004; 23: 147–156.
16.A Hamdan , Possible benefit of intravenous immunoglobulin therapy in a lung transplant recipient with West Nile virus encephalitis. Transplant Infectious Disease 2002; 4: 160–162.
17.F Mostashari , Epidemic West Nile encephalitis, New York, 1999: results of a household-based seroepidemiological survey. Lancet 2001; 358: 261–264.
The epidemic of West Nile virus in the United States, 2002. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
2004; 4: 61–70.
Prediction of human cases of West Nile virus by equine cases, Saskatchewan, Canada, 2003. Preventive Veterinary Medicine
2006; 76: 263–272.
20.P Tilley , Screening of organ and tissue donors for West Nile virus by nucleic acid amplification – a three year experience in Alberta. American Journal of Transplantation 2008; 8: 2119–2125.
. West Nile virus: a reemerging global pathogen. Emerging Infectious Diseases
2001; 7: 611–614.
Long-term prognosis for clinical West Nile virus infection. Emerging Infectious Diseases
2004; 10: 1405–1411.
23.T Tsai , West Nile encephalitis epidemic in southeastern Romania. Lancet 1998; 352: 767–771.
24.Z Hubalek , J Halouzka . West Nile fever – a reemerging mosquito-borne viral disease in Europe. Emerging Infectious Diseases 1999; 5: 643.