Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Shellfish toxicity: human health implications of marine algal toxins

  • K. J. JAMES (a1) (a2), B. CAREY (a1) (a2), J. O'HALLORAN (a2) (a3), F. N. A. M. van PELT (a2) (a4) and Z. ŠKRABÁKOVÁ (a1) (a2)...
Abstract
SUMMARY

Five major human toxic syndromes caused by the consumption of shellfish contaminated by algal toxins are presented. The increased risks to humans of shellfish toxicity from the prevalence of harmful algal blooms (HABs) may be a consequence of large-scale ecological changes from anthropogenic activities, especially increased eutrophication, marine transport and aquaculture, and global climate change. Improvements in toxin detection methods and increased toxin surveillance programmes are positive developments in limiting human exposure to shellfish toxins.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Author for correspondence: Professor K. J. James, PROTEOBIO, Cork Institute of Technology, Bishopstown, Cork, Ireland. (Email: kevin.james@cit.ie)
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

1.R Martinez , Z Dubinsky . Useful products from algal photosynthesis. In: M Archer , ed. Molecular to Global Photosynthesis, vol. 2. London: Imperial College Press, 2004, p. 340.

6.N Fusetani , W Kem . Marine toxins: an overview In: N Fusetani , W Kem , eds. Marine Toxins as Research Tools, vol. 46. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009, pp. 144.

7.T Aune . Risk assessment of marine toxins. In: LM Botana , ed. Seafood and Freshwater Toxins, Pharmacology, Physiology and Detection. New York: CRC Press, 2008, pp. 3–20.

25.GS Jacinto , IB Azanza RV, Velasquez , FP Siringan . Manila bay: Environmental challenges and opportunities. In: E Wolanski , ed. The Environment in Asia Pacific Harbours. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer, 2006, pp. 309328.

44.JJ Gestal-Otero . Epidemiological impact of diarrheic toxins. In: LM Botana , ed. Seafood and Freshwater Toxins: Pharmacology, Physiology and Detection. Boca Raton: CRC Press Taylor & Francis Group, 2008, pp. 5376.

54.KA Steidinger , DG Baden . Toxic marine dinoflagellates. In: DL Spector , ed. Dinoflagellates. New York: Academic Press, 1984, pp. 201299.

55.A Furey , Brevetoxins: Structure, Toxicology and Origin. In: L Botana , YH Hui , eds. Phycotoxins: Chemistry and Biochemistry. Ames: Blackwell Publishing, 2007, pp. 1946.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Epidemiology & Infection
  • ISSN: 0950-2688
  • EISSN: 1469-4409
  • URL: /core/journals/epidemiology-and-infection
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords: