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    PRUSSING, C. CHAN, C. PINCHOFF, J. KERSANSKE, L. BORNSCHLEGEL, K. BALTER, S. DROBNIK, A. and FULD, J. 2015. HIV and viral hepatitis co-infection in New York City, 2000–2010: prevalence and case characteristics. Epidemiology and Infection, Vol. 143, Issue. 07, p. 1408.


Hepatitis B and C co-infection in HIV/AIDS population in the state of Michigan

  • Z. A. BUTT (a1) (a2), M. J. WILKINS (a3), E. HAMILTON (a4), D. TODEM (a1), J. C. GARDINER (a1) and M. SAEED (a1) (a5)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 12 March 2013

A retrospective cohort study was conducted from 1 January 2006 to 31 December 2009 in Michigan to estimate the prevalence of HIV and hepatitis co-infection and identify associated factors. The prevalence of co-infection was 4·1% [95% confidence interval (CI) 3·8–4·5]. Multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed a significant association between co-infection and being male and: of Black race [odds ratio (OR) 2·0, 95% CI 1·2–3·6] and of Other race (OR 3·5, 95% CI 1·7–7·0) compared to Hispanic race. A significant association was found between co-infection and risk categories of blood products (OR 11·1, 95% CI 6·2–20·2), injecting drug user (IDU) (OR 3·6, 95% CI 2·7–4·8) and men who have sex with men/IDU (OR 3·4, 95% CI 2·4–4·9) in addition to two interactions; one between sex and current HIV status and the other between current HIV status and age at HIV diagnosis. Our results document the changing epidemiology of HIV–hepatitis co-infection which can guide preventive measures and interventions to reduce the prevalence of hepatitis co-infection.

Corresponding author
*Author for correspondence: Dr Z. A. Butt, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, B601 West Fee Hall, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA. (Email:
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Epidemiology & Infection
  • ISSN: 0950-2688
  • EISSN: 1469-4409
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