Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 6
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Kanitz, Elisabeth E. Wu, Lauren A. Giambi, Cristina Strikas, Raymond A. Levy-Bruhl, Daniel Stefanoff, Pawel Mereckiene, Jolita Appelgren, Eva and D’Ancona, Fortunato 2012. Variation in adult vaccination policies across Europe: An overview from VENICE network on vaccine recommendations, funding and coverage. Vaccine, Vol. 30, Issue. 35, p. 5222.

    Magula, D. 2012. Respiratory diseases and pneumoniamanifestof seasonal variability an example from Nitra region in Slovakia. Acta Facultatis Pharmaceuticae Universitatis Comenianae, Vol. 59, Issue. Supplement VI,

    Ridda, Iman Yin, Jiehui Kevin King, Catherine Raina MacIntyre, C. and McIntyre, Peter 2012. The importance of pertussis in older adults: A growing case for reviewing vaccination strategy in the elderly. Vaccine, Vol. 30, Issue. 48, p. 6745.

    Lindley, Richard I 2011. Influenza in aged care facilities. Reviews in Clinical Gerontology, Vol. 21, Issue. 01, p. 91.

    Naumova, Elena N. Parisi, Sara M. Castronovo, Denise Pandita, Manisha Wenger, Julia and Minihan, Paula 2009. Pneumonia and Influenza Hospitalizations in Elderly People with Dementia. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, Vol. 57, Issue. 12, p. 2192.

    Trotter, Caroline L. Stuart, James M. George, Robert and Miller, Elizabeth 2008. Increasing Hospital Admissions for Pneumonia, England. Emerging Infectious Diseases, Vol. 14, Issue. 5, p. 727.


Modelling hospital admissions for lower respiratory tract infections in the elderly in England

  • B. MÜLLER-PEBODY (a1) (a2), N. S. CROWCROFT (a1), M. C. ZAMBON (a3) and W. J. EDMUNDS (a4)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 May 2006

Despite the importance of lower respiratory-tract infection (LRI) in causing hospitalizations in elderly patients ([ges ]65 years of age) and recent advances in vaccine development, a complete picture of the causative organisms is not available. All hospital discharge diagnoses (ICD-10 code) for LRI in elderly patients in England during 1995–1998 were reviewed. Using known seasonality in potential causative agents of LRI, the contribution of different respiratory pathogens to hospitalizations coded as ‘unspecified LRI’ was estimated by multiple linear regression analysis. Ninety-seven per cent of 551633 LRI-associated diagnoses had no specific organism recorded. From the statistical model the estimated proportions of admissions attributable to different pathogens were applied to calculate estimated hospitalization rates: 93·9 hospitalizations/10000 population aged [ges ]65 years due to S. pneumoniae, 22·9 to influenza virus, 22·3 to H. influenzae, 17·0 to whooping cough, and 12·8 to respiratory syncytial virus. There is enormous potential to improve health using existing vaccines and those under development.

Corresponding author
Department of Healthcare Associated Infections & Antimicrobial Resistance, HPA, Centre for Infections, 61 Colindale Avenue, London NW9 5EQ, UK. (Email:
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Epidemiology & Infection
  • ISSN: 0950-2688
  • EISSN: 1469-4409
  • URL: /core/journals/epidemiology-and-infection
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *