Sriram, Krishna Bajee Cox, Amanda J. Clancy, Robert L. Slack, Mary P. E. and Cripps, Allan W. 2017. Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a review for clinicians. Critical Reviews in Microbiology, p. 1.
Slack, Mary P. E. 2015. A review of the role of Haemophilus influenzae in community-acquired pneumonia. Pneumonia, Vol. 6, Issue. 1, p. 26.
King, Paul T. and Sharma, Roleen 2015. The Lung Immune Response to NontypeableHaemophilus influenzae(Lung Immunity to NTHi). Journal of Immunology Research, Vol. 2015, p. 1.
Chien, Yu-Wen Vidal, Jorge E. Grijalva, Carlos G. Bozio, Catherine Edwards, Kathryn M. Williams, John V. Griffin, Marie R. Verastegui, Hector Hartinger, Stella M. Gil, Ana I. Lanata, Claudio F. and Klugman, Keith P. 2013. Density Interactions Among Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae and Staphylococcus aureus in the Nasopharynx of Young Peruvian Children. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, Vol. 32, Issue. 1, p. 72.
LOWTHER, S. A. SHINODA, N. JUNI, B. A. THEODORE, M. J. WANG, X. JAWAHIR, S. L. JACKSON, M. L. COHN, A. DANILA, R. and LYNFIELD, R. 2012. Haemophilus influenzae type b infection, vaccination, and H. influenzae carriage in children in Minnesota, 2008–2009. Epidemiology and Infection, Vol. 140, Issue. 03, p. 566.
King, Paul 2012. Haemophilus influenzae and the lung (Haemophilus and the lung). Clinical and Translational Medicine, Vol. 1, Issue. 1, p. 10.
Ladhani, Shamez N. 2012. Two Decades of Experience With the Haemophilus influenzae Serotype b Conjugate Vaccine in the United Kingdom. Clinical Therapeutics, Vol. 34, Issue. 2, p. 385.
Chavanet, P. Atale, A. Mahy, S. Neuwirth, C. Varon, E. Dabernat, H. and Portier, H. 2011. Portage nasopharyngé, sensibilités et sérotypes de Streptococcus pneumoniae et Haemophilus influenzae chez les enfants de crèches. Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses, Vol. 41, Issue. 6, p. 307.
Riggs, T.W. 2009. Cyclical infection prevalence in small groups. Epidemics, Vol. 1, Issue. 2, p. 89.
Casey, Janet R. Adlowitz, Diana G. and Pichichero, Michael E. 2009. New Patterns in the Otopathogens Causing Acute Otitis Media Six to Eight Years After Introduction of Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, p. 1.
Ladhani, Shamez Neely, Fiona Heath, Paul T. Nazareth, Bernadette Roberts, Richard Slack, Mary P.E. McVernon, Jodie and Ramsay, Mary E. 2009. Recommendations for the prevention of secondary Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) disease. Journal of Infection, Vol. 58, Issue. 1, p. 3.
McVERNON, J. RAMSAY, M. E. and McLEAN, A. R. 2008. Understanding the impact of Hib conjugate vaccine on transmission, immunity and disease in the United Kingdom. Epidemiology and Infection, Vol. 136, Issue. 06,
Lin, Ximin Koopman, James S. and Chick, Stephen E. 2007. Mathematical model comparisons of potential non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae vaccine effects. Journal of Theoretical Biology, Vol. 245, Issue. 1, p. 66.
Hotomi, Muneki Sakai, Keiji Fujihara Akihiro Billal, Dewan S. Shimada, Jun Suzumoto, Masaki and Yamanaka, Noboru 2006. Antimicrobial resistance in Haemophilus influenzae isolated from the nasopharynx among Japanese children with acute otitis media. Acta Oto-Laryngologica, Vol. 126, Issue. 2, p. 130.
Hotomi, Muneki Fujihara, Keiji Sakai, Akihiro Billal, Dewan S. Shimada, Jun Suzumoto, Masaki and Yamanaka, Noboru 2006. Antimicrobial resistance of Haemophilus influenzae isolated from the nasopharynx of Japanese children with acute otitis media. Acta Oto-Laryngologica, Vol. 126, Issue. 3, p. 240.
Olsen, Sonja J. Dejsirilert, Surang Sangsuk, Leelawadee Chunsutiwat, Supamit and Dowell, Scott F. 2005. FREQUENT HAEMOPHILUS INFLUENZAE TYPE B COLONIZATION IN RURAL THAILAND. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, Vol. 24, Issue. 8, p. 739.
An investigation was undertaken to determine the isolation rate and antibiotic resistance of Haemophilus influenzae from the nasopharynx of young children. The 996 subjects studied were up to 6 years of age. H. influenzae was isolated from 304 (30·5%) and strains of capsular type b from 11 (1·1%). Age, sibling status, season, respiratory infection and antibiotic therapy all influenced isolation rates. The overall prevalence of antibiotic resistance in the strains isolated was ampicillin 5·4% (all β-lactamase producers), cefaclor 0·3%, chloramphenicol 1·3%, erythromycin 38·2%, tetracycline 1·3%, trimethoprim 5·4% and sulphamethoxazole 0%. Ampicillin resistance was more common in type b than non-capsulated strains.
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